• Crisis Severity ?
    3.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    2.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    4.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    5.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 227,384,000 Total population [?]
  • 3,031,000 People affected [?]
  • 1,267,000 People displaced [?]
  • 3,031,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports

22/04/2021

Overview

14/03/2022

The Rohingya, an ethnic minority in Myanmar not recognised by the country’s constitution, have long-been marginalised and persecuted. Rakhine state was historically home to 1.2 million Rohingya, making up nearly 40% of the state’s population. However, decades of violence have forced many to flee the country. The most severe and most recent episode took place in August 2017, when the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), a group claiming to fight for the liberation of the Rohingya, but also accused of massacres against Hindus in Rakhine, attacked multiple Myanmar police posts. A violent military campaign followed, in which the Myanmar Army (Tatmadaw) is accused of the widespread killing of civilians and burning of Rohingya villages.?

The majority of displaced Rohingya have settled in Cox’s Bazar in neighbouring Bangladesh, especially since August 2017, when more than 700,000 fled Rakhine state. Small populations are found in other countries of South Asia, especially Malaysia and Thailand.?

The condition of refugees outside Myanmar remains dire. Camps in Bangladesh are extremely crowded and refugees lack legal status and face extreme restrictions on movement, making them dependent on humanitarian assistance. Rohingya in Malaysia are considered ‘illegal immigrants’ and are at risk of arrest. Some have established livelihoods, though most remain in precarious situations, living in crowded communal housing and without access to healthcare, education, and legal work opportunities.?

Discussions surrounding repatriation have increased in recent years, though Rohingya and the international community have rejected the prospect of return until safety in Myanmar can be guaranteed.?

Latest Developments

06/07/2022

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities

14/03/2022

Protection: Rohingya lack citizenship status in Myanmar and formal refugee status in Bangladesh. This allows them to be subjected to extreme restrictions, including limitations on movement and communications, confinement to camps, and limited access to basic services. Security is a concern in the camps in Cox’s Bazar, but especially in Rakhine, where conflict and human rights violations are common.?