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Humanitarian access

A snapshot of the most challenging contexts

Between November 2022 and the end of June 2023, crisis-affected populations in more than 37 countries were experiencing high to extreme access constraints, making it challenging for them to meet their basic needs.


What is the humanitarian access situation across the globe?


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Disclaimer: narratives are provided for countries that score 3 to 5 in the ACAPS Humanitarian access index.











These four countries saw a score increase to 5, recording Extreme access constraints in the period November 2022 – June 2023. The deterioration of the humanitarian access situation was a consequence of the developments and aggravating humanitarian conditions in the countries.  

Humanitarian access in Syria has deteriorated to extreme access constraints during the reporting period as a result of the major earthquakes that hit Syria and Türkiye on 6 and 20 February 2023.

Over the past six months, the humanitarian access situation has also deteriorated in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Lebanon, Peru and Türkiye, amongst others


Our methodology groups 9 indicators under 3 pillars: each indicator is given a score from 0–3 and X when there is an information gap. The model then combines the indicators in pillars, where they get a final score on a scale of 0–5. 


Access of people in need to humanitarian aid



indicators under PILLAR 1

1: Denial of existence of humanitarian needs or entitlements to assistance

2: Restriction and obstruction of access to services and assistance 



+3 Ukraine  

The humanitarian access situation in Ukraine has deteriorated under Pillar 1 mainly due to the situation in areas under Russian control. Russian forces have taken over civilian facilities for their own use, cutting off people from essential services. Pension payments, social assistance, or medical assistance in these areas is only available to people holding Russian passports. 


+4 Peru  

The humanitarian access situation in Peru has deteriorated mainly because of the political and social developments affecting the living conditions of and access to services for the Venezuelan migrants and refugees in the country. Border-crossing to and from Peru became increasingly challenging for migrants and refugees because of borders’ militarilisation and insecurity.  


-2 Colombia 

Colombia has seen an improvement of the humanitarian access situation under Pillar 1 as Gustavo Petro’s Government has established programmes to assist people in need and strengthened policies to guarantee the welfare of the Venezuelan population residing in Colombia.  

“In Afghanistan, the ITA decrees of 24 December 2022 and 4 April 2023 banned Afghan women from working in NGOs and UN agencies, respectively, limiting women and girls’ access to jobs, services, and assistance and reducing humanitarian operations”. 

Pillar 2

Access of humanitarian responders to people in need



indicators under PILLAR 2

3: Impediments to enter the country

4: Restriction of movement within the country

5: Interference into implementation of humanitarian activities 

6: Violence against humanitarian personnel, facilities, and assets 



+3 Sudan  

Humanitarian access in Sudan has deteriorated since the start of the conflict between the SAF and the RSF on 15 April 2023. Insecurity has resulted in the relocation of humanitarians to Port Sudan. In Darfur, the access of humanitarians to the affected population has significantly decreased after targeted attacks on humanitarian staff, facilities and assets. 


+2 Haiti  

The score under Pillar 2 increased for Haiti as the expansion of gangs’ control over the country. Armed groups impose checkpoints in Port-au-Prince and demand payment from users travelling by car or motorbike, affecting the delivery of aid. Checkpoints are present also at seaports and oil terminals, increasing the cost of humanitarian operations. 


-1 Chad  

The score of Pillar 2 for Chad has decreased as intercommunal violence and armed groups activity did not affect humanitarian access as during the previous reporting period. In addition, no attacks against humanitarians were recorded in this reporting period, although an overall lack of information on the humanitarian access situation has to be noted.  

“In Myanmar, the denial of and delays in travel authorisations, visa delays for humanitarians, banking restrictions, and a lack of issuance of tax exemption certificates, constrain the import of nutrition and medical supplies, affecting the humanitarian response”.

Pillar 3

Physical, environmental and security constraints



Indicators UNDER PILLAR 3:  

7: Insecurity or hostilities affecting humanitarian assistance 

8: Presence of landmines, improvised explosive devices, explosive remnants of war and unexploded ordnance

9: Physical constraints in the environment



+2 Azerbaijan

The increase in the score of Pillar 3 Nagorno-Karabakh is mainly due to the disruptions to the gas supply, electricity, and internet connectivity by the Azerbaijani authorities reported in the first half of 2023. The disruptions cut out the population in Nagorno-Karabakh from essential services and resources. 


-2 Dominican Republic  

Although heavy rains have been recorded in the last six months in Domicican Republic (May-November rainy season), they did not have any major impact on humanitarian access as compared to June-December 2022, when Hurricane Fiona caused disruptions of critical infrastruture and generated logistical constraints for accessing services and aid.  


-1 Libya  

Humanitarian access across Libya has slightly improved since November 2022, mainly because of a decrease in armed conflict. During the reporting period, there were no major clashes between armed groups that affected people’s movement towards services or humanitarian operations.   

“Two major earthquakes hit southeastern Türkiye on 6 and 20 February 2023. The quakes damaged buildings, roads, airports, and seaports, restricting the movement of goods and people and limiting the ability of humanitarians to deliver aid to affected people”.

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"This is another really useful overview from the wonderful ACAPS. It is really good to have such clear overview of the global humanitarian access situation."

Colin Rogers
Plan International

Analysis products
on Humanitarian access

AFGHANISTAN: update on Taliban decrees and directives affecting the humanitarian response

01 December 2023

AFGHANISTAN: update on Taliban decrees and directives affecting the humanitarian response


This report provides an update on the Interim Taliban Authority (ITA) decrees and directives (edicts) relevant to the Afghanistan humanitarian response. The analysis covers the period between the publication of ACAPS’ baseline report in April 2023 and October 2023. 

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Palestine/Israel: Spotlight on the situation of Gazan workers

10 November 2023

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As at 7 October, an estimated 18,000 residents of the Gaza Strip held work permits issued by the Israeli authorities. On 10 October, Israel’s Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories revoked all work permits. This announcement was followed by mass arrests and detentions of Gazans working in Israel by Israeli authorities.

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Ukraine: quarterly humanitarian access update

08 November 2023

Ukraine: quarterly humanitarian access update


This report aims to compare access challenges across different Ukraine oblasts to inform humanitarian responders and support their decision-making. It is part of the ACAPS quarterly analysis of access constraints, with the last report published on 13 July 2023.

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Humanitarian Access Overview

05 July 2023

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ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview provides a snapshot of the most challenging contexts to operate. Between November 2022 and the end of June 2023, crisis-affected populations in more than 37 countries were experiencing high to extreme access constraints, making it challenging for them to meet their basic needs.   

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14 December 2022

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The December 2022 analysis found that, between July and the end of October 2022, crisis-affected populations in more than 80 countries were not receiving the humanitarian assistance they needed because of access constraints. Gambia, Papua New Guinea, and Sri Lanka have entered the ranking since the last release.

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