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Humanitarians make life-saving decisions. In a complex, fast-changing situation, clear and timely analysis is crucial. ACAPS helps you see the crisis.




Impact of El Niño



Every week, we publish new highlights on recent humanitarian developments to enable crisis responders to prioritise based on the needs of affected populations.



By May 2024, Egypt was hosting at least 500,000 refugees from Sudan, who fled the conflict that started in April 2023 between the Rapid Support Forces and the Sudanese Armed Forces. By 31 May, more than 367,000 refugees were registered with UNHCR. The majority were hosted in urban areas in Alexandria, Aswan, and Cairo governorates. Most lacked proper documentation and legal status and faced significant protection issues, including detention and deportation risks. Entry and residence regulations, such as the visa requirements that the Egyptian authorities started requiring on 10 June 2023, complicate the refugees’ legal status and restrict their ability to seek asylum. The process of securing and renewing residence permits inside Egypt is considered complex, limiting refugees’ access to essential services and goods, including shelter, food, health services, and education. (UNHCR 29/05/2024, TNH 25/04/2024, Le Monde 16/04/2024)


South Sudan

By 13 June 2024, more than 700,000 people had arrived in South Sudan from Sudan following the outbreak of conflict in April 2023, averaging 1,605 arrivals per day. While the majority were South Sudanese returnees, the proportion of Sudanese refugees had risen to 32% compared to 2023. Consistently, 83% of the arrivals entered through the Joda-Renk border crossing in the northeast. The refugees and returnees urgently need food, water, shelter, sanitation facilities, and medical care. Acute food insecurity is expected to increase both for the arrivals and host communities as the influx puts additional pressure on already scarce resources, heightening the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan. Strain on the limited services at border points and destination areas also threatens to reignite intercommunal violence in Renk, Malakal, and other parts of the country. (ECHO 14/06/2024, MSF 18/06/2024, Protection Cluster 29/03/2024)



Until 1 June 2024, over 610,000 individuals had returned to Afghanistan since the Ministry of Interior in Pakistan announced its Illegal Foreigners' Repatriation Plan (IFRP) in September 2023. The return process is still underway, albeit slower than at the end of 2023. Among the most recent 21,821 returnees who arrived between 16–31 May 2024, 37% were elderly, 22% were individuals with chronic diseases, and 21% were women. These people might need tailored assistance. Overall, the most pressing needs of the returnees include financial support, shelter, and employment opportunities. (IOM accessed 18/06/2024, IOM 07/06/2024)

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