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Humanitarians make life-saving decisions. In a complex, fast-changing situation, clear and timely analysis is crucial. ACAPS helps you see the crisis.


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Every week, we publish new highlights on recent humanitarian developments to enable crisis responders to prioritise based on the needs of affected populations.



New rapprochement talks between Türkiye and Syria about returning Syrian refugees to the latter are raising concerns of forced returns and aggravating the IDP situation in Syria. There are around 7.2 million IDPs in the country, with more being recorded in 2024 given the spontaneous return of refugees from neighbouring countries, who cannot go back to their original place of residence because of conflict and violence. Almost half (3.4 million) live in northwestern Syria, including 1.9 million in over 1,500 last-resort informal settlements and collective centres lacking proper camp management and basic services. IDPs comprise 33% of the 16.7 million people in Syria needing humanitarian assistance in 2024, with 5.5 million IDPs requiring aid. In 2023, around 85% of IDPs in camps and 74% of out-of-camp IDPs reported being unable to meet their basic needs. Forced returns could worsen this already strained situation. (VOA 14/07/2024, TNA 11/07/2024, OCHA 03/03/2024)



On 5 July 2024, interclan conflict erupted in Luuq town, Jubaland state, affecting 100,000 people (including four killed and 42,000 displaced, with 4,000 already previously displaced) by 11 July. The conflict has also significantly disrupted movement, trade, livelihoods, and transport. Some of the displaced have sought refuge in nearby settlements, including Bashiro, Ceel Buur, Dhuyacley, Jaziira, Waajid, and Yurkut. The violence has also burnt down the Naf Iyo Maal IDP site (hosting 735 families) on 6 July, as well as the local market, destroying over 200 businesses. The severe economic impact is likely to threaten livelihoods and increase the food insecurity risk. On 8 July, the Government imposed a temporary dawn-to-dusk curfew, which has since been lifted. Regardless, humanitarian access remains challenging, as a non-state armed group controls all roads to the district. People urgently need assistance, including temporary shelters, health services, clean water, and food. (OCHA 14/07/2024, SomaliSignal 06/07/2024, ECHO 10/07/2024)



In Malawi, approximately 5.7 million people (28% of the population assessed) are expected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse food insecurity from October 2024 to March 2025, with 416,000 likely facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) conditions mainly because of inflation, economic slowdown, and the droughts and floods resulting from El Niño. 2024 records a five-year high of 5,692,122 people expected to face acute food insecurity during the October–March projection period, which aligns with the typical lean season. In March 2024, Malawi declared a state of disaster in 23 districts in response to the prolonged dry spells and floods experienced between October 2023 and March 2024. These conditions affected harvests, with the 2024 maize production reported in July to have dropped by 17% compared to the previous season (to 2.9 million MT from 3.5 million MT). Urgent needs include food and nutritional assistance. (IPC 05/07/2024, Malawi 24 23/03/2024, [Nyasa Times 05/07/2024]

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