• Crisis Severity ?
    4.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    5.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    4.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    5.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 30,491,000 Total population [?]
  • 30,491,000 People affected [?]
  • 23,400,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports

22/11/2022

Special Reports

25/08/2022

Special Reports

26/07/2022

Special Reports

22/05/2022

Overview

31/10/2022

Conflict between the Internationally Recognized Government of Yemen (IRG), with support from the Saudi-led coalition, and the de-facto authority (DFA) in the north of Yemen (also known as the Houthis) has been active since 2015. The conflict has resulted in a severe economic and humanitarian crisis that has displaced up to 4.3 million people and led more than 23.4 million (over 76% of the total population) needing humanitarian assistance. Active conflict and economic hardship have also severely limited people’s access to services and aid. (Yemen Humanitarian Needs Overview 2022)

Yemen has historically been divided based on different political, tribal, ethnic, and religious identities, but the current conflict has furthered this fragmentation into three main areas of control. As at September 2022, the Houthis controlled the majority of northern and central governorates, the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council controlled part of southern Yemen (mainly Aden, Lahj, and Socotra), and the IRG controlled the remainder of southern and eastern governorates.

Active conflict between the Houthis and the IRG in late 2020 and early 2022 intensified in some areas, opening new frontlines along the borders of Al Jawf, Ma’rib, and Sana’a governorates. In Ad Dali', Al Bayda, Al Hodeidah, Sa'dah, and Ta'iz governorates, conflict has remained intermittent with no major changes since the signing of the Stockholm agreement in December 2018. The conflicting parties agreed to an UN-mediated truce on 2 April 2022, which expired on 2 October. The truce called for an end to all hostilities, the entry of fuel ships into the Al Hodeidah ports, the resumption of commercial flights from and to Sana'a airport, and the reopening of closed roads, including to Ta’iz. The truce was not extended because the parties to the conflict could not agree on some points. Civilian casualties have significantly decreased since the start of the ceasefire. (Global Centre for Responsibility accessed19.9.2022). (ACLED13.10.2022)

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Latest Developments

21/10/2022

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

HUMANITARIAN ACCESS

07/07/2022

Extreme CONSTRAINTS

Yemen faced Extreme humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 5/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation has been deteriorating compared to the last reporting period (July-December 2021). The change was mainly due to the filling of some information gaps regarding violence against humanitarians. In the last six months violent incidents against humanitarians were recorded, contributing to a higher access score. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022

Risk

The collapse or non-extension of the truce leads to renewed fighting, resulting in increased civilian casualties, displacement, and reduced access to services, basic goods, and livelihoods Latest update: 18/10/2022

Probability

Highly unlikely Somewhat likely Highly likely

Impact

Very low Moderate Major

YEMEN ECONOMY TRACKING INITIATIVE

31/10/2022

The Yemen Economic Tracking Initiative (YETI) dashboard and dataset track key economic trends, developments, and risks to support economic policymaking for Yemen.

YETI provides a greater overall and comparative understanding of the current political-economic situation in the country.

This new platform is divided in four modules: 

  • Imports and exports
  • FX rate and commodity price
  • Interactive monitoring timeline
  • IPC food emergency analysis

KEY PRIORITIES

31/10/2022

WASH: Yemen is one of the world’s most water-stressed countries. Around 18 million people need safe drinking water and sanitation assistance, with 11.2 million being in acute need. WASH services continue to be severely lacking in the country. The nationwide Food Security and Livelihoods Assessment found that 19.5 million people (61% of the population) lack access to safe water and 11.4 million (36%) live with ?inadequate sanitation facilities. Reliefweb.int/HNO-2022 The lack of water contributes to a high prevalence of preventable waterborne diseases, such as cholera. IDPs, especially those living in informal settlements, have limited access to clean water and sanitation.

Food security: conflict and economic decline primarily cause food insecurity in Yemen. Livelihoods have been disrupted since the conflict began in 2015, reducing income opportunities and people’s ability to purchase food. Food insecurity is most severe in areas with active fighting, particularly affecting IDPs, socially and economically marginalised groups, fishing communities, and landless wage labourers. As at March 2022, 17.4 million people (54% of the population) were estimated to experience high acute food insecurity levels (IPC phase 3 or worse) in 2022, with the figure expected to rise to 19 million by the end of the year. Of this number, 31,000 people in three districts faced Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) food insecurity in January 2022, with the number expected to increase to 161,000 by June. (reliefweb. HNO-2022IPC accessed 10/26/2022)

 

Health: access to healthcare is severely limited, with only 50% of health facilities fully functional throughout the country. A lack of salaries for heath personnel, damage to health facilities, difficulties importing medicine and medical supplies, and a lack of fuel to run facilities are some of the factors accelerating the decline of the already deteriorated healthcare system in Yemen. Private health facilities exist but remain out of reach for millions of vulnerable people who cannot afford the high costs.

Yemen has been identified as having a ‘very high risk' of infectious diseases affecting humanitarian needs, including COVID-19, cholera, and vector-borne diseases like malaria and dengue. 21.9 million people are expected to require assistance in accessing health services in 2022, a 9% increase from 2021. reliefweb HNO-2022

YEMEN ANALYSIS HUB

31/10/2022

The ACAPS Yemen Analysis Hub provides inter-sectoral, forward-looking analysis to support a stronger evidence base for humanitarian decision making in Yemen. 

Learn more about the Yemen Analysis Hub.

If you are interested in the reports produced by the hub, please subscribe to the ACAPS Yemen mailing list.

Information Gaps and Needs

31/10/2022

More granular information is required to better understand the causes and level of needs. 

More research on specific needs of vulnerable and marginalised groups is needed to understand the severity of needs and coping mechanisms between different communities. 

For more information read ACAPS Yemen Analysis Ecosystem report

Natural hazards

31/10/2022

Yemen is prone to natural disasters. Yemen has two rainy seasons: one from March–May and a second from July–August. The country is also vulnerable to tropical cyclones that last from March–October and come with a high threat of flooding in western and coastal areas. Flash floods resulting from heavy rains and cyclones cause displacement, severe damage to critical infrastructure, and casualties. Floodwaters and disruptions also contribute to the spread of communicable diseases.

By the end of August 2022, heavy rains in approximately 18 out of 22 governorates leading to flooding had affected more than 300,000 people. The most affected have been people living in IDP sites and settlements. Flooding has destroyed and damaged houses, farms, shops, and other means of livelihood, damaged critical infrastructure, and killed several people. According to reports, flooding has also moved unexploded ordnance towards residential and open areas, posing a serious threat to the safety of civilians. Yemen | Situation Reports (unocha.org); Updates (reliefweb.int) . (OCHA,5/9/2022)?

 

Yemen: Areas of control map and dataset

31/10/2022

The ACAPS Yemen Analysis Hub produces a bi-weekly dataset providing an overview of the latest areas of control in Yemen, including a map, excel spreadsheet and GIS layer. All datasets are fully PCODED to Admin 2 district level, enabling interoperability with other datasets.

The datasets are published on HDX and can be found here.

Update from the February 2022 Risk Analysis

31/10/2022

MEDIUM RISK LEVEL

The militarisation of Al Hodeidah and Saleef ports leads to targeted attacks on the ports, forcing their closure and causing food and fuel import disruptions

This risk remains active. Since the publication of this risk in March, accusations about the militarisation of Al Hodeidah and Saleef ports have subsided as the parties to the conflict agreed on a truce on 2 April 2022. This, however, expired without renewal on 2 October. On 1 September the Houthis organised a military parade in Al Hodeidah, which local and international stakehold - ers condemned as a breach of the 2018 Stockholm Agreement to demilitarise the port city?. A continued display of military force is likely to trigger further tensions that could lead to the materi - alisation of the newly identified risk about the collapse of the truce. Similarly, if the truce collapses or is not extended, further military presence could build up in Al Hodeidah, likely triggering a resumption of air strikes by the Saudi-led coalition and other military confrontations in the area. Fuel imports through Al Hodeidah are also likely to be disrupted again if the IRG imposes new restrictions in response to the militarisation of ports. Over - all, while the probability of a targeted attack on DFA-controlled Red Sea ports remains low, the risk remains relevant as its impact would have significant consequences on food and fuel supply flows, including for humanitarian purposes, resulting in increased acute humanitarian needs.