Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Ukraine: Conflict in Donetsk and Luhansk
Since armed conflict between the government and pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk and Luhansk began in 2014, more than 3,000 civilians have died and some 9,000 have been injured.? The conflict affects 5.2 million people in eastern Ukraine, particularly those near the contact line that divides government-controlled areas (GCAs) and non-government controlled areas (NGCAs).? The majority of people in need are located in the NGCA of Luhansk and Donetsk, many of whom are elderly and more vulnerable.
Despite ceasefire agreements, violations are regularly reported and critical civilian infrastructure like water and electricity systems are frequently damaged by shelling. Hostilities and the presence of landmines hinder repairs and maintenance work, exacerbating WASH needs in NGCAs in particular.? Older people are more likely to remain in these areas and are therefore disproportionally affected.? The worsening socioeconomic situation and restrictions on movement have affected access to food and basic services such as education and health, limited livelihood opportunities, and triggered the displacement of 1.5 million people. ?
INFORM measures Ukraine's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.2/10. Hazard exposure rating is also very high at 7/10.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Although the conflict in Eastern Ukraine has reached a stalemate in recent years, insecurity and administrative restrictions continue to constrain humanitarian access. The presence of landmines and indiscriminate shelling has restricted the movement of people and humanitarian agencies within non-government-controlled areas (NGCAs) in Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts. Administrative requirements from both government and non-government authorities have delayed aid delivery and forced organisations to scale-back their programming, especially in NGCAs. Despite some improvements, conditions at entry-and-exit checkpoints at the Line of Contact (LoC) remain dire and complete closures of crossings between government and non-government areas restrict access to basic services and social benefits, especially for the elderly. Civilian infrastructure continues to be heavily affected by shelling.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview
Protection: Civilians on both sides of the contact line are affected by the conflict and are affected by mine contamination and almost constant ceasefire violations, particularly the 600,000 people who live within a 5km radius of the contact line.?
Access: Active conflict, administrative obstacles, and long lines at crossing points between GCAs and NGCAs constrain access to basic services and hamper humanitarian service delivery.?
WASH: Active conflict and mine contamination regularly prevents urgent repairs to critical civilian infrastructure, such as water facilities.?
Up-to-date information on needs in NGCAs of Luhansk and Donetsk is minimal as access is very limited.
Humanitarian needs assessments often focus on needs in GCAs and NGCAs of Luhansk and Donetsk while there is little information on needs in Crimea.