Overview

Eastern Ukraine has been in a humanitarian crisis since March 2014, when armed conflict erupted between separatists and Ukrainian armed forces. Separatists now control most of eastern Donetsk region, and a small area of southern Luhansk region. 3.8 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and more than 2.8 million have been displaced. Protection and health are of particular concern in conflict areas, particularly as a large number of older people are affected. Humanitarian access is constrained: virtually all international aid organisations (all in Donestk) have been banned from non-government areas. ? However, in September 2016 UNHCR’s license to operate in Donetsk and surrounding areas was renewed. ?

INFORM measures Ukraine's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.3/10. Hazard exposure rating is also very high at 7/10.?

Latest Developments

23/04: One member of the OSCE monitoring mission was killed and two injured in a vehicle explosion, thought to be caused by a land mine. ?

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Key figures

  • 3,800,000 people need humanitarian assistance
  • 620,000 Food insecure
  • 1,670,000 IDPs

Key priorities

  • Humanitarian access to non-government areas.
  • Shelter and NFI assistance in non-government areas, mainly blankets, clothes, and heaters.
  • Protection in non-government areas, along the contact line and IDP reception areas.
  • Delivery of aid to the areas along the contact line, where the most pressing needs are being reported.
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Information Gaps and needs

  • Up-to-date information on healthcare availability and access is very limited.
  • Information on needs in Crimea is very limited.

Lessons learned

  • Registered IDPs staying in government areas are entitled to assistance under regular social protection programmes. However, such assistance suffers significant delays, has been suspended in the past and is often inaccurately targeted. ? ?
  • Local organisations play a critical role in the humanitarian response in Ukraine. Working with and through local organisations is sometimes the only option in order to access areas and undertake activities not covered by the government or by international agencies.?
Key documents

OHCHR

01/04/2016

Report on the Human Rights Situation in Ukraine

Human Rights Watch

01/02/2016

Studying Under Fire: Attacks on Schools, Military Use of Schools During the Armed Conflict in Eastern Ukraine

Protection Cluster

01/01/2016

Protection Cluster, Overview on State Assistance for IDPs

ENN, Global Nutrition Cluster, UNICEF

01/12/2015

Nutrition coordination in Ukraine: Experiences as a sub-cluster of health

NRC

01/11/2015

Housing, Land and Property Rights of Displaced and Conflict-affected Communities in Eastern Ukraine

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

07/12/2015

Socio-economic impact and needs assessement: Donbass, Ukraine

IOM - EU

30/04/2016

National monitoring system of the situation with IDPs