• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 55,700,000 Total population [?]
  • 1,553,000 People affected [?]
  • 1,263,000 People displaced [?]
  • 1,553,000 People in Need [?]



Rakhine is one of the poorest and least developed states in the country. It is home to the Rohingya, a primarily Muslim and persecuted minority in Myanmar. The Rohingya are not officially recognised by the Myanmar government, which considers them illegal immigrants from Bangladesh – rendering them stateless?

Since 1978, Rakhine has seen numerous incidents of state violence against its Rohingya population. An extreme episode of violence beginning in August 2017 triggered the displacement of more than 700,000 Rohingyas from Rakhine to Bangladesh. There are 600,000 Rohingya currently in Rakhine; 470,000 are not considered displaced but are stateless, and over 130,000 are confined to camps or camp-like settings in central Rakhine. They continue to face extreme restrictions on their freedom of movement, segregation, marginalisation, extortion, and trafficking. They also face limited access to healthcare,
education, and livelihood opportunities.?

The Arakan Army (AA) – a Rakhine ethnic armed group – has led an insurgency in the state that escalated between January 2019 and November 2020 and resulted in hundreds of casualties and extensive damage to civilian infrastructure, such as schools. The AA claims to seek self-determination for the multiethnic people of Rakhine state.?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.