Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
Rakhine state is one of the poorest in Myanmar, and had an official population of 3.1 million residents in 2014, as well as some 1.2 million Rohingyas, which were not counted in the national census.?Starting in 1978, Rakhine has seen numerous incidents of state violence against its Rohingya population.? Since August 2017, violence from the Myanmar Army has triggered the displacement of more than 741,000 Rohingyas from Rakhine to Bangladesh. Currently there are some 910,619 Rohingyas in Bangladesh.? In Rakhine, around 128,000 Rohingya remain displaced since 2012 due to conflict, and are living in camps in Rakhine. They remain confined in the camps, and are denied basic human rights.?
Since January 2019 fighting between the Myanmar Army and the Arakan Army, an ethnic armed organisation, has escalated in northern Rakhine. At least 27,000 people have been displaced by the conflict, taking shelter in Ponnakyun, Kyauktaw, Mrauk-U, Minbya, Rathedaung, and Buthidaung townships.?
16/05: Residents of Kyauk Tan village in Rakhine's Rathedaung Township face severe food and water needs, after the Myanmar Army raided the village on 30 April and detained some 275 civilian men for two weeks. Humanitarian access is restricted, and residents are not allowed to leave the village. Local media reports state that villagers are running out of food and drinking water.
Moreover, the ongoing conflict between the Myanmar Army and AA continues to drive internal displacement. The number of IDPs in 2019 in Rakhine has grown to 29,234 people, as of 7 May.?
VERY HIGH CONSTRAINTS
Humanitarian access has decreased in Myanmar overall. In Rakhine state, the government has imposed severe travel restrictions on aid workers. An escalation in fighting between the Arakan Army and Myanmar army since January 2019 has caused increasing constraints for the vulnerable population in rural townships in northern and central Rakhine state. Restrictions on freedom of movement causes limited access to health facilities for Rohingya and other Muslims, including internally displaced people in central Rakhine. The Myanmar military has been accused of blocking relief supplies to people displaced in Rakhine state.
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