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Colombia: anticipated impact of wildfires

20 February 2024

Colombia: anticipated impact of wildfires

DOCUMENT / PDF / 645 KB

Since the start of January 2024, multiple wildfires have raged in a number of Colombia’s departments. As at 26 January, the fires had ravaged approximately 17,000 hectares, with no information available on the number of people injured.

Natural hazards
Colombia: humanitarian impacts in Amazonas department

12 February 2024

Colombia: humanitarian impacts in Amazonas department

DOCUMENT / PDF / 4 MB

This report aims to explain elements necessary to understanding the humanitarian crisis in Colombia’s Amazonas department, with a specific focus on the impacts on the indigenous population. 

Colombia: impact of El Niño on Magdalena Medio region

24 January 2024

Colombia: impact of El Niño on Magdalena Medio region

DOCUMENT / PDF / 424 KB

Since August 2023, below-average precipitation resulting from El Niño has affected Colombia’s Caribbean and Andean regions, as well as some departments in the Pacific and eastern areas. Temperature and precipitation anomalies are expected to continue during the first quarter of 2024.

Natural hazards
Colombia-Ecuador: Crisis to watch at the border

22 December 2023

Colombia-Ecuador: Crisis to watch at the border

DOCUMENT / PDF / 2 MB

This report provides an overview of two key humanitarian crises in the Colombia-Ecuador border area that are expected to persist in the next 6–12 months. Specifically, the report presents an overview and an outlook of the humanitarian impact of armed violence and migration flows on the civilian population in the region.

Colombia: escalation of armed violence in Cauca

07 December 2023

Colombia: escalation of armed violence in Cauca

DOCUMENT / PDF / 911 KB

This report aims to provide elements for understanding the violence escalation afflicting Cauca department in 2023 and to highlight the associated protection risks.

Conflict and violenceProtection
Colombia: food insecurity in Alta Guajira region

27 October 2023

Colombia: food insecurity in Alta Guajira region

DOCUMENT / PDF / 770 KB

La Guajira is the Colombian department with the highest food insecurity prevalence based on 2022 estimates. In 2022, a lack of economic resources resulted in 59.7% (623,000 people) of the department’s households reducing the quantity and quality of their meals, while 17.5% (183,000 people) had at least one person going without food for at least a day.

Food security & livelihoods
Colombia: increased armed violence in Argelia, Cauca

24 October 2023

Colombia: increased armed violence in Argelia, Cauca

DOCUMENT / PDF / 389 KB

The situation in Argelia municipality, in southwestern Cauca department of Colombia, has been critical since August 2023 because of clashes between the Estado Mayor Central (EMC) and the Colombian army. The EMC is an alliance of various dissident armed groups from the demobilised Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP). 

Conflict and violence
Colombia: increase in refugee and migrant numbers in Necoclí

22 September 2023

Colombia: increase in refugee and migrant numbers in Necoclí

DOCUMENT / PDF / 901 KB

Necoclí is one of the main transit points for those heading to the Darien jungle through Acandí and Capurgana, generating problems such as overcrowding, a lack of resources, and violence in the municipality. The presence of the Gaitanist Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AGC) aggravates this situation.

DisplacementMixed migration
Colombia: the unintended impact of the Total Peace policy on armed violence

26 July 2023

Colombia: the unintended impact of the Total Peace policy on armed violence

DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB

This report provides an overview of key humanitarian crises resulting from armed conflict within 3 of the 32 departments in Colombia. It aims to inform humanitarian decision-making and programming by anticipating humanitarian needs in the departments of Antioquia, Caquetá, and Chocó.

Conflict and violence

Attached resources

Colombia: Floods in Arauca department

19 June 2023

Colombia: Floods in Arauca department

DOCUMENT / PDF / 342 KB

Since the end of March 2023, rainfall has increased in the department of Arauca. During the first days of May, the rains increased the flow of the Arauca, Caño Caranal, Cusay, and Jordán Rivers, causing them to overflow into the municipalities of Arauquita and Saravena. As at 5 June, the floods had affected more than 9,700 people. 

Natural hazards

Attached resources

Colombia: GBV cases and response gaps

11 April 2023

Colombia: GBV cases and response gaps

DOCUMENT / PDF / 338 KB

This short thematic note identifies the barriers to reporting GBV cases and some response gaps in Colombia. The findings are intended to help create situational awareness and inform the local, national, and international programmatic decisionmaking of the responders dealing with GBV in Colombia.

Gender
Colombia: complexities in negotiating ‘total peace’

14 January 2023

Colombia: complexities in negotiating ‘total peace’

DOCUMENT / PDF / 401 KB

This short note provides a general overview of the configuration of the four major armed groups engaged in dialogue and negotiations with the Colombian government. It aims to give a glimpse of the complexity of these structures and the different challenges facing the negotiation process. This note is meant to provide additional information and support the Colombia Risk Analysis Update.

Conflict and violence
Colombia: risk analysis update

14 January 2023

Colombia: risk analysis update

DOCUMENT / PDF / 3 MB

In 2022, the armed conflict in Colombia worsened and led to increased levels of violence that affected at least 12 departments, most notably in the Pacific region and along the borders with Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. In November 2021, ACAPS identified five risks to the humanitarian context in Colombia, published an overview report, and then produced an update in March 2022 looking at the second half of the year. This risk update is designed to be read in conjunction with the above mentioned reports. 

Conflict and violence
Colombia: protection concerns and community response

18 November 2022

Colombia: protection concerns and community response

DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB

This report provides an overview of the main protection concerns in Colombia. It exposes the main threats of armed conflict and its differentiated impact on the population. It presents by population group the community’s coping mechanisms and reactive responses to mitigate, adapt to, and recover from the various protection threats they are exposed to.

Protection
Panama-Colombia border: migration crisis

02 November 2022

Panama-Colombia border: migration crisis

DOCUMENT / PDF / 293 KB

Between January–September 2022, more than 150,000 people crossed into Panama from Colombia through the Darién Gap. Although migrants have historically used the Darién route to reach Central America, the flow of migrants through this route considerably increased between 2021–2022. 

Mixed migration
Colombia: Impact of floods in La Guajira

13 October 2022

Colombia: Impact of floods in La Guajira

DOCUMENT / PDF / 258 KB

On 8 October, category one hurricane Julia swept through La Guajira department in northeastern Colombia. The hurricane affected over 159,000 people. Uribia municipality faced the highest impact with at least 22,000 people affected as at 8 October. 

Natural hazards
Colombia: Nariño humanitarian overview and impact on specific groups

07 October 2022

Colombia: Nariño humanitarian overview and impact on specific groups

DOCUMENT / PDF / 6 MB

This report aims to provide an overview of the displacement and confinement situation and the differentiated impact on indigenous peoples and Afrodescendant communities observed between January–August 2022. It presents the main conflict dynamics in the subregions of Telembí, Sanquianga, and Pacífico del Sur in Nariño department.

Conflict and violence
Colombia: Antipersonnel mines

02 June 2022

Colombia: Antipersonnel mines

DOCUMENT / PDF / 756 KB

This report analyses events involving APMs and ERW in Colombia since the signing of the Peace Agreement with the FARC-EP in 2016 and their humanitarian impact. It also highlights the existing and growing risk of casualties from APMs and ERW

Conflict and violenceProtection
Colombia: Escalation of violence in Putumayo

31 March 2022

Colombia: Escalation of violence in Putumayo

DOCUMENT / PDF / 2 MB

Putumayo, a department in southwest Colombia bordering Ecuador and Perú, is a strategic corridor for human trafficking, drug and arms trafficking, and resource extraction. Indigenous communities are especially at risk of confinement and limitations on their daily activities.

Conflict and violenceProtection
Colombia: Impact of the armed conflict on children and youth

31 March 2022

Colombia: Impact of the armed conflict on children and youth

DOCUMENT / PDF / 529 KB

This report analyses how armed conflict in Colombia has affected children and youth. It looks at specific trends and conflict dynamics in the most conflict-affected departments. It also provides an overview of the general impacts of conflict and specific impacts of displacement and confinement.

Conflict and violenceCoping mechanisms