• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 34,304,000 People affected [?]
  • 5,098,000 People displaced [?]
  • 19,278,000 People in Need [?]



As of September 2020, around 5.1 million Venezuelans have fled the country, and with the deteriorating political and economic situation in Venezuela, there is no indication the outflow will slow down soon. UNHCR projects the overall number of Venezuelans fleeing their country to reach 5.5 million by the end of 2020. ?

Many Venezuelans in host countries are in urgent need of food, nutrition, health, and WASH assistance; needs vary depending on the country. Protection assistance is also crucial, including legal help with documentation in order to access healthcare and employment. A significant number of Venezuelans remain in an irregular situation (due to lack of documentation, long waiting periods, high application fees, etc.), leaving them without rights and access to services and vulnerable to exploitation and abuse. As the crisis inside Venezuela continues to deteriorate, host countries are increasingly struggling to respond to the influx of Venezuelans. The rising number of people entering neighbouring countries is putting a strain on basic services, especially in border areas. ? In order to respond to the influx, a Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) has been developed to support and complement national authorities in Latin America and the Caribbean. ?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.



The COVID-19 crisis has led to significant regional population movements in Latin America, both inside countries and across borders. There are currently around 1 million refugees and asylum-seekers (mostly Venezuelans), 8.3 million IDPs, and 4.2 million people displaced and in transit throughout the region. Many Venezuelan refugees and migrants working in the informal economy in Colombia, Brazil and Peru have lost their livelihoods and face poverty, eviction, food insecurity, and increased protection risks. As a result there is a growing number of Venezuelans that are returning to Venezuela. For the first time since 2015 the number of Venezuelan refugees and migrants in Colombia has decreased, with 68,000 Venezuelans returning to their country.?

On 13 March the Colombian government announced the immediate closure of all borders to limit the spread of COVID-19 but kept open a humanitarian corridor for returnees.

As of 11 June, the situation at the border remains complex. Venezuelan authorities have announced that the humanitarian corridor in Norte de Santander and in Arauca will only be open three times a week with a total quota of 300 people per day. Several groups of Venezuelan refugees and migrants seeking to return to Venezuela have been apprehended. This could lead to the overcrowding of different point along the border and the number of migrants crossing irregularly, putting them at greater exposure to armed groups and natural and health hazards.?


Entry requirements and legal status of Venezuelans


ECUADOR: On 13 August Ecuador’s government announced the end of the “Temporary Residence Visa for Humanitarian Reasons” for Venezuelan migrants and refugees. Many migrants and refugees were unable to meet the requirements to obtain the humanitarian visa even before this announcement. COVID-19 restrictions resulted in loss of livelihoods for many Venezuelan migrants, and restricted movement of people. Venezuelans in Ecuador are now at risk of falling into a condition of greater vulnerability, facing fines they cannot pay and not being able to regularise their situation.?

PERU: After 15 June 2019, Venezuelan nationals need a Humanitarian Visa and a passport to enter Peru. Access only with Venezuelan identification documents is no longer allowed. New arrivals are in an increasingly vulnerable situation and include growing numbers of children. Nutrition, protection and WASH are priority needs.?

COLOMBIA: Migration authorities have announced two new permits aimed to give legal status to Venezuelan migrants in the country. PEP visa will be granted to Venezuelan migrants who entered Colombia before 29 November 2019. PEPFF permit will be granted to Venezuelans that receive formal employment offers. It is estimated that more than 200,000 Venezuelans would benefit from this measures. ?

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: A two-week registration period for irregular migrants in Trinidad and Tobago ended on 14 June 2019. Several thousand Venezuelans were unable to register due to backlogs at the three registration centres and are likely in need of protection. Limited prospects to regularise their migration status risks pushing vulnerable people to seek unsafe, informal routes into the country. ?