• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 48,000,000 Total population [?]
  • 350,000 People displaced [?]
  • 522 Fatalities reported [?]
  • 930,000 People in Need [?]



Intercommunal conflicts are a major cause of insecurity and instability in West Darfur state. As at 27 May, increased tensions between armed men from the Masalit and Rizeigat tribes had led to the displacement of more than 149,600 Sudanese people to and within El Geneina town and the surrounding areas so far this year. Clashes, gunfire, and high crime rates have been reported, and the Sudanese Armed Forces and Rapid Support Forces have been deployed to ensure safety. ?

Escalating intercommunal violence has displaced over 65,000 people in April alone within El Geneina town and the surrounding villages. The security situation in El Geneina remains tense and volatile ?

Protection assistance is a priority need, and there are concerns regarding IDPs’ physical security and gender-based violence. Other main priorities for displaced people are WASH, food, and emergency shelter.?

Humanitarian operations within West Darfur – suspended since the beginning of the year –resumed in El Geneina on 18 April. Power outages and fuel shortages have affected the local water network, and access to potable water is becoming critical. Local markets were closed for months because of the insecurity; some are now partially open. Reports suggest that there has been a spike in prices of food, water, medicines, fuel, and other essential goods. As insecurity has hindered humanitarian access there are information gaps on the number of people in need?

Latest Developments


11/05: Clashes between Arab and Masalit communities have escalated since 22 April in Kereneik locality, West Darfur state, reportedly sparked by the killing of two herdsmen on 21 April. An estimated 98,000 people have been displaced. At least 165 people were killed and 136 injured. Clashes spread to El Geneina city, where at least 10 people were killed. Access to food for nearly 63,000 IDPs in Kereneik is affected after the World Food Programme had to suspend food distribution this week because of insecurity. Access to medical care -- including for people injured during the clashes -- has been impacted as the Kereneik rural hospital and the El Geneina Teaching Hospital were attacked, and medical personnel had to evacuate hospitals because of insecurity. Homes were torched and markets and other public buildings have also been attacked and looted.?



Protection: Protection is a key concern for people who are internally displaced. IDPs report a lack of security in and around the displacement sites. There has been a high number of gender-based violence reports in displacement sites, with sexual harassment and abuse the biggest concern.

Food: Estimations suggest that there are 188,000 people in need of food and livelihood support in West Darfur.  

Shelter: Around 94% of IDPs are sheltering in schools and other public buildings, with the rest displaced in open areas.

Education: Schools, closed since March 2020 because of COVID-19, were beginning to reopen in West Darfur. However, at least 55 schools have been affected by conflict, and an additional 35 arehosting IDPs.  Because of the conflict, at least 49,000 children are now at risk of not being able to return to school.