Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.20 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Sudan is both a destination and transit country for asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants. As of May 2020, approximately 1.1 million refugees from at least 10 countries are hosted within Sudan. This includes refugees from Yemen, Syria, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Chad, the Central African Republic (CAR), and Burundi. Refugees in Sudan are settled in camps, out-of-camp settlements, and in urban areas across 18 states. Approximately 70% of the total number of refugees in Sudan live in out-of-camp settlements, many of which are remotely located with a lack of services, resources, or infrastructure.?
Sudan is hosting the highest number of refugees fleeing violence and persecution in South Sudan, which is considered to be the biggest refugee emergency in Africa. As of May 2020, more than 821,000 South Sudanese are reported to be living across Sudan. Around 130,000 Eritrean and Ethiopian refugees and asylum seekers are hosted in East Sudan, living in both camps and urban areas. In Khartoum, a further 120,000 refugees from Burundi, Ethiopia, Eritrea, DRC, Somalia, Yemen, and Syria are in need of assistance. Syrian and Yemeni are not required to register with UNHCR upon arrival due to their considered status as “brothers and sisters” by the Sudanese government. However, due to their vulnerability, more than 15,000 Syrians and Yemenis are registered in Khartoum in order to receive assistance.?Since 2014, there have been approximately 11,400 refugees arriving in Darfur from CAR. More than half of this number (6,800) arrived in October 2019, due to renewed inter-tribal violence. It is expected that 18,000 CAR refugees will be living in both South and Central Darfur by the end of 2020.?
Priority need of refugees and asylum seekers in Sudan are protection, nutrition, shelter and health assistance. Additionally, many new arrivals experience high rates of food insecurity and malnutrition. Access to work and travel permits, land, capital, and markets is limited, making it difficult for them to access public services, and severely restricting opportunities for sustainable livelihoods. This leads to a reliance on external humanitarian assistance.?
01/12/2020: Over 31,000 people have crossed into Kassala state, Sudan since 4 November, fleeing violence in Ethiopia's Tigray region. Um Raquba refugee camp (Kassala), opened on 31 October, hosts 10,000 of these Ethiopian refugees, overstretching its initial capacity of 5,000. There are growing needs for shelter infrastructure and food in the camp.?
26/11/2020: Over 43,000 people have crossed into Kassala, Gedaref and Blue Nile states in Sudan since 4 November, fleeing violence in Ethiopia's Tigray region. Kassala state is still receiving most of the refugees (total of 29,000 people). Gedaref has received over 12,000 arrivals and Blue Nile 702. 45% of the refugees are children.?
19/11/2020: More than 30,000 people have crossed into Sudan since 4 November, fleeing violence in Ethiopia's Tigray region. Kassala state has received the largest number of refugees, nearly 20,000, while 10,698 have arrived in Gedaref, and 678 in Blue Nile. Women, men, and children have been crossing the border at a rate of 4,000 per day since 10 November, rapidly overwhelming the humanitarian response capacity. Shelter, WASH, food, and health services are urgently needed. ?
17/11/2020: More than 25,000 people have crossed into Kassala and Gedaref states in Sudan since 4 November, fleeing violence in Ethiopia's Tigray region. They are in urgent need of shelter and food. Aid delivery is hampered by border closures. Continuation of the conflict could bring an estimated 200,000 refugees to Sudan.?
12/11/2020: Between 6,000 and 8,000 people have arrived in Kassala state since 4 November, fleeing violence in Tigray region, Ethiopia. They are in urgent need of shelter and food aid. Aid delivery is hampered by border closures. Continuation of the conflict could bring an estimated 200,000 refugees to Sudan.?
15/09/2020: The state of West Kordofan is currently the worst affected by severe flooding in Sudan. It is host to over 60,000 refugees from South Sudan. The gravity of the impact of flooding on the refugee population is as of yet unclear.?
This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.