Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Sudan is both a destination and transit country for asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants. As of May 2020, approximately 1.1 million refugees from at least 10 countries are hosted within Sudan. This includes refugees from Yemen, Syria, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Chad, the Central African Republic (CAR), and Burundi. Refugees in Sudan are settled in camps, out-of-camp settlements, and in urban areas across 18 states. Approximately 70% of the total number of refugees in Sudan live in out-of-camp settlements, many of which are remotely located with a lack of services, resources, or infrastructure.?
Sudan is hosting the highest number of refugees fleeing violence and persecution in South Sudan, which is considered to be the biggest refugee emergency in Africa. As of May 2020, more than 821,000 South Sudanese are reported to be living across Sudan. Around 130,000 Eritrean and Ethiopian refugees and asylum seekers are hosted in East Sudan, living in both camps and urban areas. In Khartoum, a further 120,000 refugees from Burundi, Ethiopia, Eritrea, DRC, Somalia, Yemen, and Syria are in need of assistance. Syrian and Yemeni are not required to register with UNHCR upon arrival due to their considered status as “brothers and sisters” by the Sudanese government. However, due to their vulnerability, more than 15,000 Syrians and Yemenis are registered in Khartoum in order to receive assistance.?Since 2014, there have been approximately 11,400 refugees arriving in Darfur from CAR. More than half of this number (6,800) arrived in October 2019, due to renewed inter-tribal violence. It is expected that 18,000 CAR refugees will be living in both South and Central Darfur by the end of 2020.?
Priority need of refugees and asylum seekers in Sudan are protection, nutrition, shelter and health assistance. Additionally, many new arrivals experience high rates of food insecurity and malnutrition. Access to work and travel permits, land, capital, and markets is limited, making it difficult for them to access public services, and severely restricting opportunities for sustainable livelihoods. This leads to a reliance on external humanitarian assistance.?
15/09/2020: The state of West Kordofan is currently the worst affected by severe flooding in Sudan. It is host to over 60,000 refugees from South Sudan. The gravity of the impact of flooding on the refugee population is as of yet unclear.?
This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.