• Crisis Severity ?
    2.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    1.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    2.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 248 Fatalities reported [?]

Overview

12/01/2022

The Western Mediterranean route from North Africa (mainly Morocco and Algeria) to Spain is an important crossing for migrants and asylum seekers trying to reach Europe by sea. Algeria, Mali, and Morocco were the main countries of origin of migrants and asylum seekers arriving in Spain in 2020. ? 

Over 41,900 migrants and refugees reached Spain by sea during 2021. The number of people arriving in Spain peaked in 2018 (over 58,500 by sea) and declined in 2019 (over 26,000). In 2020, Spain recorded over 40,300 arrivals, showing a fluctuation in the number of new arrivals since 2018.? 

Over 375 people have died in the Western Mediterranean during 2021 compared to over 340 in 2020 – a 10% increase.?

Latest Developments

09/01/2022

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.