• Crisis Severity ?
    2.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    1.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 37,633,000 Total population [?]
  • 21,000 People in Need [?]
  • 219 Fatalities in all crises [?]

Overview

17/01/2022

Morocco is a transit and destination country for mixed migration flows, mostly from sub-Saharan countries. Morocco is also a country of origin for thousands of migrants and asylum seekers trying to reach Europe.? Over 41,900 asylum seekers and refugees reached Spain by sea through the Western Mediterranean route during 2021, mainly from Morocco and Algeria. Moroccan authorities arrested over 12,200 people attempting to leave the country illegally. The total number of migrants in Morocco is unknown.? As at 30 September 2021, there were over 15,700 asylum seekers and refugees in the country.? Protection, WASH, and health are the key priorities for migrants in Morocco. Protection concerns include registration, limited legal assistance, gender-based violence resulting from continued mass arrests, and deportation towards the border. Migrants are forced to hide to avoid being arrested. The situation is particularly concerning around the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla.  Most migrants in transit to Europe live in informal or overcrowded settlements where they cannot regularly access water and electricity. Lack of livelihood opportunities also undermines migrants’ food security.? 

Morocco is vulnerable to natural hazards such as droughts, floods, earthquakes, wildfires, and extreme heat, which result in significant economic losses and affect people’s livelihoods.?

Latest Developments

25/01/2023

Migrants hoping to eventually reach Europe but staying in Morocco, due to restrictions and lack of money to complete their journeys, face risks of human trafficking and detention and suffer from poor living conditions. Many migrants without legal status reside in makeshift camps, mostly in Casablanca city, that are highly unsanitary. There are no garbage bins, standpipes, or showers. Lack of hygiene contributes to the prevalence of lice and respiratory diseases, bringing further stigma and social exclusion. Police operations are periodically undertaken to evacuate and dismantle the camps, with reported use of force by police and migrants also responding with violence. Excessive force has been used against migrants when they attempt to cross land borders to Spain. Integration into Moroccan society has also been difficult for migrants due to discrimination, and those without legal status lack the documentation needed to access employment.?

Information Gaps and Needs

17/01/2022

The actual number of migrants in the country is not available. Timely and systematic assessments of the humanitarian needs of migrants particularly in informal settlements and overcrowded accommodation are also missing.