Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 168 Fatalities in all crises [?]
Morocco is a transit and destination country for mixed migration flows, mostly from Sub-Saharan countries. Additionally, Morroco is a country of origin for thousands of economic migrants and asylum seekers trying to reach Europe.? The total number of migrants is unknown, with estimates varying extensively. As of 31 January 2020 there were 10,150 asylum seekers and refugees in the country.?Protection issues are reported due to continued mass arrests and deportations towards the southern border.? Migrants are forced to hide to avoid being arrested.? The situation is particularly concerning around the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla where asylum seekers try to cross and are violently pushed back.? Most migrants in transit to Europe live in informal or overcrowded settlements where they cannot regularly access water and electricity. Lack of livelihood opportunities also undermines migrants’ food security.?
Morocco is vulnerable to natural hazards such as droughts, floods, earthquakes, wildfires, and extreme heat, which result in significant economic losses and impact the livelihoods of people affected.?
INFORM measures Morocco’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for mid-2020 to be medium at 4.0/10; vulnerability is measured at 3.3/10 and lack of coping capacity at 4.8/10.?
For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph below.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Find more information related to the outbreak.
Protection: Migrants in Morocco are at risk of arrest, deportation and labour exploitation.?
WASH: WASH infrastructure in informal settlements is a specific concern as access to clean drinking water is not ensured and sewage system outdated and/or non-functional. Reliable and up-to-date information on sectoral needs is lacking.?
Health: Access to health facilities remains restricted, with some migrants making use of hospital services only in case of emergency. Refugees’ access to specialist healthcare is also hindered, as they are not covered by the national medical insurance scheme targeting the poorest Moroccan households. ?
Information Gaps and Needs
Estimations of the actual number of migrants in the country vary. Timely and systematic assessments of the humanitarian needs of migrants in informal settlements and overcrowded accommodation are also missing.
As of 06 July, there have been 14,215 confirmed COVID-19 cases and 235 deaths. The country has been in lockdown since 20 March, with a state of health emergency in effect until 10 July. While promising financial aid to those who lost their jobs in the informal sector, Moroccan authorities did not clarify whether thousands of documented and undocumented migrants in the country affected by sudden loss of livelihoods will be entitled to financial aid. They can no longer sustain themselves by working informally or begging outside due to the outbreak.?