Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mexico is a major transit country for migrants and asylum seekers travelling towards the US. Most of these migrants and asylum seekers are coming from Central America’s Northern Triangle - Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras.? There is an increasing number of families and unaccompanied minors apprehended at the US’ southern border (a proxy for estimating the demographics of this movement) as opposed to previous years’ high numbers of young men.? Many are vulnerable to the violence they are exposed to along Mexico’s migration routes, and many are targeted by criminal groups.? Additionally, five of the six cities with the highest murder rates in the world are in Mexico. Two of these (Tijuana, Ciudad Juarez) are located along the US-Mexican border where many migrants and asylum seekers reside, and many other violent cities are located along frequented migration transit routes.
An increasingly complex legal situation faced by migrants arriving at the US-Mexican border means many are also forced to live in inadequate conditions in border-towns, where they are further exposed to criminal violence - the process applying for US asylum and being forced to wait in Mexico is known as "metering".?Although it is difficult to assess the dimensions of Mixed Migration in Mexico, vulnerable groups may need access to basic sanitation facilities, food, medical care, and, crucially, protection.?
As of 28 July, over 2,000 asylum seekers are sheltered in a camp in Matamoros, at the Mexican border with Texas, awaiting the outcome of their cases. The overcrowded camp, mainly composed by tents placed closely together, leaves asylum seekers unable to practice social distancing and with little access to water, sanitation and health care.?
Migration from the Northern Triangle Box
On 5 May, following several protests in five migrant shelters, Mexico emptied all of its 65 migrant shelters, returning more than 3,600 people to El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. On 20 May US authorities announced the extension of COVID-19 asylum restrictions indefinitely. Since then the US has allowed only two refugees who entered via the Mexico-US border to stay and some 20,000 migrants have been turned away. As of 23 June, around 27,000 Hondurans are at the northern Mexican border awaiting responses on their asylum requests being processed in the U.S. The suspension of asylum processes in the US, the closing of borders at the south and the north of Mexico and the collapse of the migrant shelters in the region has left people stranded, heightening protection risks in the region.?
Information Gaps & Needs
- Mexico does not currently have a Global Crisis Severity Index score due to a lack of recent data on current humanitarian and protection needs in the country.
- Data on the number of migrants passing through Mexico is currently unavailable, and proxies are likely to inadequately illustrate the extent and dynamics of movement.