Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.30 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mexico is a major transit country for migrants and asylum seekers travelling towards the US. Most of these migrants and asylum seekers are coming from Central America’s Northern Triangle - Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras.? There is an increasing number of families and unaccompanied minors apprehended at the US’ southern border (a proxy for estimating the demographics of this movement) as opposed to previous years’ high numbers of young men.? Many are vulnerable to the violence they are exposed to along Mexico’s migration routes, and many are targeted by criminal groups.? Additionally, five of the six cities with the highest murder rates in the world are in Mexico. Two of these (Tijuana, Ciudad Juarez) are located along the US-Mexican border where many migrants and asylum seekers reside, and many other violent cities are located along frequented migration transit routes.
An increasingly complex legal situation faced by migrants arriving at the US-Mexican border means many are also forced to live in inadequate conditions in border-towns, where they are further exposed to criminal violence - the process applying for US asylum and being forced to wait in Mexico is known as "metering".?Although it is difficult to assess the dimensions of Mixed Migration in Mexico, vulnerable groups may need access to basic sanitation facilities, food, medical care, and, crucially, protection.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Increase in mixed migration flows
Mexico is an important country for migration, with many people transiting to reach the United States through irregular crossings, and others choosing to remain in Mexico. The majority are Venezuelans, Cubans, Hondurans, Nicaraguans, Salvadorians and Haitians fleeing their countries because of fears for their safety related to violence or persecution; and/or displacing because of rising poverty. Nearly 206,885 migrants have been intercepted in Mexico in 2022 as of end of August –an increase of 60.2% over the same timeframe in 2021 – alongside more than 51,000 applications for asylum in Mexico. ?
The majority of applications for asylum are made near the southern border, in Tapachula, Chiapas state. 90,000 out of 131,000 asylum claims in Mexico in 2021 were lodged in Tapachula, resulting in months-long delays in processing. Asylum seekers and migrants in this area have struggled to obtain adequate shelter, employment, and medical care including psychological support. Cases of discrimination, and of maltreatment by authorities have been reported. ?
Title 42, a public health order still in force in the US allowing authorities to deny entry or expel people from the US, has contributed to high numbers of people in need trapped in northern Mexico. Services to assist migrants and asylum seekers often cannot meet the needs for shelter, water, basic sanitation, food, health, and NFIs in northern cities such as Nuevo Laredo, Piedras Negras, Ciudad Acuña, Reynosa, and Matamoros. Protection services are also needed, as violence from armed groups, xenophobia, and gender-based violence targeting migrants and asylum seekers is reported. ?
Information Gaps & Needs
- Mexico does not currently have a Global Crisis Severity Index score due to a lack of recent data on current humanitarian and protection needs in the country.
- Data on the number of migrants passing through Mexico is currently unavailable, and proxies are likely to inadequately illustrate the extent and dynamics of movement.