• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints



Mexico has long been subject to widespread corruption and the effects of criminal drug-trafficking organisations (DTOs). Violence has been concentrated in the major drug trafficking zones of Mexico’s northern, central, and Pacific states, which experience both fighting between national forces and drug trafficking organisations (DTOs) and internal fighting between DTOs. In recent years, criminal groups have fragmented, making the violence increasingly localised and contributing to increased homicide rates.?

Gang-related violence in Mexico compromises livelihoods and security, especially among more vulnerable and poorer communities. Studies have shown that DTO activities and high rates of drug-related homicides undermine local economies by lowering production, which in turn reduces both the number of workers and salaries. Civilians living in areas under cartel control may be subject to extortion, daily harassment, and forced displacement through violence. Four of the six cities with the highest murder rates in the world are in Mexico including Tijuana, which is located along the US-Mexico border where many migrants and asylum seekers reside.?

Mexico is a major transit country for migrants and asylum seekers travelling towards the US. It has many migration routes throughout the country and houses many migrants and asylum seekers along its northern border. ?

The country is subject to climatic events including floods, landslides, droughts, wildfires, hurricanes and tsunamis. Mexico is located along the so-called “fire belt”, where 80% of the world’s seismic activity occurs, and almost all its territory is highly exposed to earthquake risk. The high population density of its capital, Mexico City, and of states like Veracruz, Jalisco, and Puebla, coupled with this exposure have placed Mexico as one of the highest at-risk nations in Latin America. ?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access



Mexico faced High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 3/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation remained stable. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022

Information Gaps & Needs

  • Mexico does not currently have a Global Crisis Severity Index score due to a lack of recent data on current humanitarian and protection needs in the country. 

Impact of COVID-19


A rapid increase in COVID-19 cases at the start of 2021 has resulted in high rates of occupation of hospital beds, reaching 85% in Mexico City. There were nearly 108,000 new cases during the first ten days of January, including a daily record of 16,105 cases on 9 January. The increase is also driving up the death toll. As at 22 January, the country had the fourth highest number of COVID-19 deaths in the world, with 144,371 deaths.? 

The pandemic has worsened an already highly precarious situation for migrant populations. The Trump administration closed the Mexico-US border to migrants and refugees during the pandemic, leaving thousands stranded on the Mexican side of the border with their right to asylum denied. Dozens of shelters for migrants in northern Mexico closed or reduced operations in December 2020 and January 2021 because of COVID-19 outbreaks in the shelters.?