• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints



Mexico has long been subject to widespread corruption and the effects of criminal drug-trafficking organisations (DTOs). Violence resulting from DTO activity has been concentrated in the major drug trafficking zones of Mexico’s northern, central, and Pacific states, which see fighting between national forces and DTOs and internal fighting between DTOs. In recent years criminal groups have fragmented, making the violence increasingly localised and sporadic.?

Mexico’s conflict compromises livelihoods and security, especially among more vulnerable, poorer communities. DTO activities may undermine local economies? by lowering production, worker numbers, and salaries.  Civilians living in areas under cartel control may be subject to extortion, daily harassment, and forced displacement through violence.? Five of the six cities with the highest murder rates in the world are in Mexico; two (Tijuana, Ciudad Juarez) are located along the US-Mexico border where many migrants and asylum seekers reside.

Mexico is a major transit country for migrants and asylum seekers travelling towards the US. It has many migration routes throughout the country and houses many migrants and asylum seekers along its northern border.

The country is subject to climatic events including floods, landslides, droughts, wildfires, hurricanes and tsunamis. Mexico is located along the so-called “fire belt”, where 80% of the world’s seismic activity occurs, and almost all its territory is highly exposed to earthquake risk. The high population density of its capital, Mexico City, and of states like Veracruz, Jalisco, and Puebla, coupled with this exposure have placed Mexico as one of the highest at-risk nations in Latin America. ?

Latest Developments


20/05/2020 US authorities plan to extend COVID-19 asylum restrictions indefinitely. On 21 March authorities imposed a 30-day restriction on all nonessential travel into the US. Since then the country has allowed only two refugees who entered via the US-Mexico border to stay and some 20,000 migrants have been turned away. ?

05/05/2020 Following several protests in five migrant shelters, Mexico has emptied all of its 65 migrant shelters, returning more than 3,600 people to El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. They add to the 10,000 migrants the US returned to these countries between March and mid-April. Deportations from the US and Mexico could become vectors of southward transmission of COVID-19 as only the deportees who report symptoms are tested?.

Information Gaps & Needs

  • Mexico does not currently have a Global Crisis Severity Index score due to a lack of recent data on current humanitarian and protection needs in the country. 
  • Up to date figures on intentional homicide rates are currently unavailable.