In 2017, 17,918 people were displaced in mass displacements, up from 10,943 in 2016. ?? Mass displacements are defined as displacement incidents with more than 10 households or 50 people being displaced. ?In 2017, confrontations between armed actors were responsible for half of mass displacements. 23% were caused by the ELN, and in 14% of events, the responsible actor is unknown. ? Chocó, Nariño, Valle del Cauca, and Cauca on the Pacific coast, Norte de Santander on the border with Venezuela, and Antioquia are the departments most affected by displacement.? ? ? Afro-Colombians represent 54% of IDPs from mass displacements, and indigenous represent 25%.?
Norte de Santander: In the Catatumbo region of Norte de Santander, at least 2,681 people have been displaced in mid-March due to confrontations between EPL and ELN that began on 14 March in the region. ? ? Shelter, NFI, protection, health, food, and WASH needs have been reported. ? ? The clashes are occurring in the context of a reorganisation of territorial control of armed groups over the region since the demobilisation of the FARC. ? ? On 14 April, the EPL circulated a pamphlet in Catatumbo announcing further actions against the ELN, which led to the restriction of movement and the disruption of commercial activities in the region. Civilians in the area are at risk of being labeled a supporter of either group and thus being targeted. ? ?
Antioquia: Between 1 January and 22 March, over 4,300 people were displaced in the Bajo Cauca region and Ituango municipality in Antioquia. ? Since 19 January, at least 1,695 people have been displaced from rural locations in Cáceres to the municipal centres of Cáceres and Tarazá. ? The IDPs, originating mostly from indigenous, Afro-Colombian, and rural farmer communities, fled their homes due to threats and fighting between AGC and a neo-paramilitary group called "Los Caparrapos." ? ? Some 600 people remaining in the conflict-affected area in Cáceres experience restrictions of mobility and of access to goods, and are in need of protection. The IDPs are in need of multisectoral assistance, including protection, shelter, health, and food. ? As of 3 March, about 450 people have returned to their homes in Cáceres. ? Some 80 indigenous people were displaced in Caucasia at the beginning of March due to the presence of armed groups and the assassination of a community leader. ? An estimated 136 people were displaced in Ituango at the end of February due to clashes between different armed groups. ?
Nariño: Since 23 March, some 384 Afro-Colombians have been displaced to the municipal centre of Roberto Payán due to confrontations between the Colombian security forces and an armed group. They are in need of shelter, food, protection, and mental health assistance. ?
Chocó: Since 14 February, at least 64 people have been displaced in Bagadó due to threats by the ELN and risk of clashes between the ELN and government security forces. They are in need of shelter, food, and health services. Over 900 people remaining in Bagadó are affected by movement restrictions. ? ?
Córdoba: On 22 January, at least 350 people were displaced in San José de Uré following the murder of the president of the Junta de Accion Comunal of San Pedrito by an unidentified armed group. People were displaced due to fear and protection concerns. Protection, shelter, WASH, health, food, and nutrition needs were identified.?Furthermore, threats by the group "Caparrapos" and a risk of confrontations between AGC and "Caparrapos" was reported. ? In mid-February, new confrontations reportedly led to further displacements to the urban center of San José de Uré. ?
Santander: Some 70 people have been displaced in Barrancabermeja since 12 March due to an oil spill. ?
Displacement within cities constitutes a significant dynamic of violence in the country. People are displaced from one neighbourhood to another because of extortion, physical and sexual violence, homicide, and to evade forced recruitment.? Armed groups commonly impose so-called "invisible borders" around territory they control, with anyone crossing these borders facing reprisal. ? In Medellín, Antioquia, 348 cases of intra-urban displacement have been registered since the beginning of 2018, related to territorial disputes between armed groups. ?