Between January and April 2018, 13,714 people were displaced in mass displacements. ? In 2017, 17,918 people were displaced in mass displacements, up from 10,943 in 2016.?Mass displacements are defined as displacement incidents with more than 10 households or 50 people being displaced.? Confrontations between armed actors were responsible for half of mass displacements in 2017. The ELN caused 23%, and in 14% of events, the responsible actor is unknown.? The departments of Chocó, Nariño, Valle del Cauca, and Cauca on the Pacific coast, Norte de Santander on the border with Venezuela, and Antioquia are the most affected by displacement.? Afro-Colombians represent 54% of IDPs from mass displacements, and indigenous represent 25%.?
Norte de Santander: In the Catatumbo region of Norte de Santander, confrontations between EPL and ELN that began on 14 March in the region left some 10,300 people displaced.? Shelter, NFI, protection, health, food, and WASH needs were reported.?The clashes occurred in the context of a reorganisation of territorial control of armed groups over the region since the demobilisation of the FARC.? Tensions decreased after 30 April. ? However, there is no information about IDP returns to their places of origin. Presence of mines in the area is a concern. ? Since 3 June, clashes between the military and the EPL in Hacari have displaced more than 500 people. They have shelter, health, food, and nutrition needs. ?From 14 March-5 July, at least 16,000 people were displaced in Norte de Santander due to attacks and clashes by the ELN and EPL. About 70% have returned home, despite risks related to the presence of these armed groups and general insecurity.? Since 11 July, clashes between ELN and the EPL have caused the displacement of additional 173 people in Teorama and San Calixto municipalities. IDPs are in need of shelter, protection, food, nutrition, and education assistance.?
Antioquia: Due to technical problems in the Ituango dam, 16,000 people have been evacuated along the Cauca River in the Valdivia, Caceres, Taraza, and Caucasia municipalities since 12 May.? Among the first 5,000 people initially evacuated, multisectoral needs were identified, including WASH, NFIs, and psychosocial assistance. ? Conflict between AGC and Los Caparrapos affects the Bajo Cauca subregion. More than 4,100 people were displaced in Bajo Cauca between January and June. ?
Valle del Cauca: Some 250 indigenous people were displaced in Buenaventura municipality after an attack on a community member on 8 June. Sheltered at a school, they are in need of food, health, and NFIs.?
Roberto Payan: About 432 people of African descent have been displaced within the municipality of Roberto Payan, in Catatumbo region, since 4 July due to clashes between the armed groups Frente Oliver Sinisterra and Gente del Orden. IDPs are living with host families or in the Eliseo Payan school. IDPs are in need of shelter, protection, food, WASH, and nutrition assistance. NFIs are urgently needed.?
Displacement within cities constitutes a significant dynamic of violence in the country. People are displaced from one neighbourhood to another because of extortion, physical and sexual violence, homicide, and to evade forced recruitment.? Armed groups commonly impose "invisible borders" around territory they control, with anyone crossing these borders facing reprisal.? In Medellín, Antioquia, 348 cases of intra-urban displacement have been registered since the beginning of 2018, related to territorial disputes between armed groups.? On 4 October, 205 people moved from rural areas of Villanueva, San José del Bajial y Guaduales near the urban centre of the municipality of San Calixto, Norte de Santander, to seek protection after two young men were killed and community leaders threatened by ELN. As of 10 Ocotber , the total number of displaced people reached 353. In San Calixto, 50 people are being hosted in a farmhouse in Balsamina district while 166 are staying with family and friends. 80 people moved to El Tarra district and found shelter in a school during the night. The 57 people in Torama and Ocaña municipality are also staying in private houses belonging to family and friends. In San Calixto, a total of 21 mass displacements were reported in 2018. In the event of protracted displacement, humanitarian needs related to protection, education, food and shelter will be exacerbated.?