13,714 people were displaced in mass displacements between January and April 2018. ? In 2017, 17,918 people were displaced in mass displacements, up from 10,943 in 2016.?Mass displacements are defined as displacement incidents with more than 10 households or 50 people being displaced.? In 2017, confrontations between armed actors were responsible for half of mass displacements. 23% were caused by the ELN, and in 14% of events, the responsible actor is unknown.? Chocó, Nariño, Valle del Cauca, and Cauca on the Pacific coast, Norte de Santander on the border with Venezuela, and Antioquia are the departments most affected by displacement.? Afro-Colombians represent 54% of IDPs from mass displacements, and indigenous represent 25%.?
Norte de Santander: In the Catatumbo region of Norte de Santander, some 10,300 people were displaced due to confrontations between EPL and ELN that began on 14 March in the region? Shelter, NFI, protection, health, food, and WASH needs were reported.?The clashes occurred in the context of a reorganisation of territorial control of armed groups over the region since the demobilisation of the FARC.? Tensions decreased after 30 April. ? However, there is currently no information about IDP returns to their places of origin. Presence of mines in the area is a concern. ? Since 3 June, clashes between the military and the EPL in Hacari have displaced over 500 people. They have shelter, health, food, and nutrition needs. ?Overall, between 14 March and 5 July at least 16,000 people were displaced in Norte de Santander due to attacks and clashes by the ELN and EPL. Of them, 70% have returned home despite risks related to the presence of these armed groups and general insecurity.? Since 11 July clashes between ELN and the EPL have caused the displacement of additional 173 people in Teorama and San Calixto municipalities. IDPs are in need of shelter, protection, food, nutrition, and education assistance.?
Antioquia: Due to technical problems in the Ituango dam, some 16,000 people were evacuated along the Cauca river in the Valdivia, Caceres, Taraza, and Caucasia municipalities since 12 May.? Among the first 5,000 people initially evacuated, multisectoral needs were identified, including WASH, NFIs, and psychosocial assistance. ? The Bajo Cauca subregion is affected by conflict between AGC and Los Caparrapos. Between January and June, over 4,100 people have been displaced in Bajo Cauca. ?
Valle del Cauca: Some 250 indigenous people were displaced in Buenaventura municipality after an attack on a community member on 8 June. Sheltered at a school, they are in need of food, health, and NFIs.?
Roberto Payan: Some 432 people of African descent were diplaced within the municipality of Roberto Payan, in Catatumbo region, since 4 July due to clashes between the armed groups Frente Oliver Sinisterra and Gente del Orden. IDPs are living with host families or in the Eliseo Payan school. IDPs are in need of shelter, protection, food, WASH, and nutrition assistance. NFIs are urgently needed.?
Displacement within cities constitutes a significant dynamic of violence in the country. People are displaced from one neighbourhood to another because of extortion, physical and sexual violence, homicide, and to evade forced recruitment.? Armed groups commonly impose so-called "invisible borders" around territory they control, with anyone crossing these borders facing reprisal.? In Medellín, Antioquia, 348 cases of intra-urban displacement have been registered since the beginning of 2018, related to territorial disputes between armed groups.? On 17 May, over 100 indigenous people from Venezuela were displaced within Cucuta after an attack on the accomodation where they were staying. ?