Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Rohingya Influx Overview: pre-cyclone and monsoon season analysis
Lessons learned: Needs Assessments in Cox's Bazar
The Rohingya, an ethnic minority, have long-been marginalised and persecuted in Myanmar, and the country’s 1982 Citizenship Act effectively rendered the Rohingyas stateless. Several episodes of violence in Rakhine state since 1978 have displaced the Rohingyas, mostly to Bangladesh, but significantly smaller numbers also fled to countries including Malaysia and India.? The most severe and most recent episode took place in August 2017, following attacks by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) - a group claiming to fight for the liberation of the Rohingya, but also accused of massacres against Hindus in Rakhine - against multiple Myanmar police posts. The Myanmar Army responded with widespread violence, burning down Rohingya villages and killing civilians?
More than 741,000 Rohingyas have fled to Bangladesh since 2017, bringing the overall number of Rohingyas in the country to some 910,619 people. At least 128,000 Rohingyas in Rakhine are living in some 24 IDP camps, most of them in Sittwe Township. They are denied freedom of movement, and are relying on aid to survive.?
21/08: The Government of Bangladesh has announced it is aiming to start the repatriation of some of the Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar on 22 August. Approximately 3,454 refugees have been verified by Myanmar, out of a list of 22,000 names submitted by Bangladesh. They will undergo individual interviews with Bangladeshi authorities and UNHCR, where they will be informed by current conditions in Rakhine, and asked whether their consent to being returned to Myanmar.
The Bangladeshi government and the UNHCR have insisted that no refugee will be returned to Rakhine state against its will. So far, the demands of the Rohingyas, including to be awarded citizenship in Myanmar, have not been agreed to by the Myanmar authorities.?