Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.5.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Our thoughts: Rohingya share their experiences and recommend...
The Rohingya, an ethnic minority in Myanmar not recognised by the country’s constitution, have long-been marginalised and persecuted. Rakhine state was historically home to 1.2 million Rohingya, making up nearly 40% of the state’s population. However, decades of violence have forced many to flee the country. The most severe and most recent episode took place in August 2017, when the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), a group claiming to fight for the liberation of the Rohingya, but also accused of massacres against Hindus in Rakhine, attacked multiple Myanmar police posts. A violent military campaign followed, in which the Myanmar Army (Tatmadaw) is accused of the widespread killing of civilians and burning of Rohingya villages.?
The majority of displaced Rohingya have settled in Cox’s Bazar in neighbouring Bangladesh, especially since August 2017, when more than 700,000 fled Rakhine state. Small populations are found in other countries of South Asia, especially Malaysia and Thailand.?
The condition of refugees outside Myanmar remains dire. Camps in Bangladesh are extremely crowded and refugees lack legal status and face extreme restrictions on movement, making them dependent on humanitarian assistance. Rohingya in Malaysia are considered ‘illegal immigrants’ and are at risk of arrest. Some have established livelihoods, though most remain in precarious situations, living in crowded communal housing and without access to healthcare, education, and legal work opportunities.?
Discussions surrounding repatriation have increased in recent years, though Rohingya and the international community have rejected the prospect of return until safety in Myanmar can be guaranteed.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Protection: Rohingya lack citizenship status in Myanmar and formal refugee status in Bangladesh. This allows them to be subjected to extreme restrictions, including limitations on movement and communications, confinement to camps, and limited access to basic services. Security is a concern in the camps in Cox’s Bazar, but especially in Rakhine, where conflict and human rights violations are common.?