Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Rohingya Refugee response: Child-Focused Secondary Data Review
Rohingya refugee response: Strengthening gender analysis
Bangladesh has been a country of refuge for Rohingyas fleeing violence in Myanmar on numerous occasions since 1978.? Since the latest violent episode of August 2017, some 741,577 Rohingya refugees have crossed the border from Rakhine state. As of 15 May 2019, there were 910,619 refugees living in 35 sites in Ukhiya and Teknaf sub-districts of Cox’s Bazar.?
Bangladesh is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention, and Rohingyas are registered as ‘Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals’. While the Government of Bangladesh has kept the borders open for refugees, there remain important gaps in assistance: refugees are officially not allowed to leave the camps, they are not permitted to work legally, and Rohingya youth are prevented from accessing quality education.? According to the Acaps Basic Needs Gap Index, some 32% of the refugee population in 34 location of Cox’s Bazar have either high or very high gaps in meeting their basic humanitarian needs.?
The plan of the Government of Bangladesh to relocate some 100,000 Rohingyas from Cox’s Bazar to Bashan Char Island (also named Thengar Char) remains a cause for concern. Bangladeshi authorities have stated multiple times that relocation will be voluntary. However, the relocation plan has not gained traction with camp residents, as the island is particularly prone to flooding, and isolated from the mainland.?
Preparations are ongoing for a large-scale cholera vaccination campaign in Cox’s Bazar. The International Coordinating Group for Cholera Vaccine (ICG) secretariat has ordered the immediate release of 635,000 vaccine doses. This comes following an increasing trend in diarrhoea cases in the last two weeks. Since 5 September, 147 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) tested positive for cholera. The majority of cases (83%) have been reported from Teknaf district and 63% were specifically from the Rohingya camps. The first round of the vaccination campaign is scheduled to take place from 8-14 December 2019 in the refugee camps and 8-30 December in the host community.?
The government of Bangladesh does not legally recognise Rohingyas as refugees and currently confines them to segregated areas in Cox’s Bazar district. Curfews and temporary shutdowns of communication lines have affected the camps, where different groups, some of which armed, are vying for control with reported episodes of violence. Tensions between refugees and the Bangladeshi authorities followed the repeated announcement of repatriation plans. Refugees’ freedom of movement and access to services has always been restricted. The monsoon season caused physical constraints in the form of road blockages and infrastructural damage. NGOs continue facing difficulties in the registration process.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
ACAPS - NPM ANALYSIS HUB
ACAPS is collaborating with IOM’s Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) project since December 2017, and have established an Analysis Hub in Cox’s Bazar. The Hub supports operational actors by producing analytical briefs, and provides stakeholders with an overview of the situation through regular updates and specialized thematic products.
Learn more about the ACAPS - NPM Analysis Hub.
If you are interested in the reports produced by the hub, please subscribe to the ACAPS Cox's Bazar mailing list.
Livelihoods: Refugees lack formal access to income-generating opportunities, which creates needs across sectors because refugees will resort to negative coping mechanisms, such as selling a portion of theie humanitarian assistance to meet other needs such as paying for medical treatment or purchasing additional food.?
Protection: Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh lack formal status, having neither citizenship or refugee status. This allows them to be subjected to extreme restrictions on movement, communication, and access to basic services such as education, employment, legal assistance.?
Education: The Government of Bangladesh does not allow formal education for Rohingya refugees. Learning facilities are ad-hoc, lack structured curriculum, and there is a lack of trust toward unfamiliar teaching approaches found in humanitarian education facilities. These factors have resulted in low enrolment in Cox’s Bazar, where 39% of Rohingya children aged 3-14 and 97% of youth aged 15-24 are not attending school.?