• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 1,385,000 People affected [?]
  • 914,000 People displaced [?]
  • 943,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports




Bangladesh has been a country of refuge for Rohingyas fleeing violence in Myanmar on numerous occasions since 1978.? Since the latest violent episode of August 2017, some 741,577 Rohingya refugees have crossed the border from Rakhine state. As of 15 May 2019, there were 910,619 refugees living in 35 sites in Ukhiya and Teknaf sub-districts of Cox’s Bazar.? 

Bangladesh is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention, and Rohingyas are registered as ‘Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals’. While the Government of Bangladesh has kept the borders open for refugees, there remain important gaps in assistance: refugees are officially not allowed to leave the camps, they are not permitted to work legally, and Rohingya youth are prevented from accessing quality education.? According to the Acaps Basic Needs Gap Index, some 32% of the refugee population in 34 location of Cox’s Bazar have either high or very high gaps in meeting their basic humanitarian needs.? 

The plan of the Government of Bangladesh to relocate some 100,000 Rohingyas from Cox’s Bazar to Bashan Char Island (also named Thengar Char) remains a cause for concern. Bangladeshi authorities have stated multiple times that relocation will be voluntary. However, the relocation plan has not gained traction with camp residents, as the island is particularly prone to flooding, and isolated from the mainland.? 

Latest Developments


21/08: The Government of Bangladesh has announced it is aiming to start the repatriation of some of the Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar on 22 August. Approximately 3,454 refugees have been verified by Myanmar, out of a list of 22,000 names submitted by Bangladesh. They will undergo individual interviews with Bangladeshi authorities and UNHCR, where they will be informed by current conditions in Rakhine, and asked whether their consent to being returned to Myanmar.
The Bangladeshi government and the UNHCR have insisted that no refugee will be returned to Rakhine state against its will. So far, the demands of the Rohingyas, including to be awarded citizenship in Myanmar, have not been agreed to by the Myanmar authorities.?



ACAPS is collaborating with IOM’s Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) project since December 2017, and have established an Analysis Hub in Cox’s Bazar. The Hub supports operational actors by producing analytical briefs, and provides stakeholders with an overview of the situation through regular updates and specialized thematic products. 

Learn more about the ACAPS - NPM Analysis Hub.

If you are interested in the reports produced by the hub, please subscribe to the ACAPS Cox's Bazar mailing list.