• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 1,383,000 People affected [?]
  • 911,000 People displaced [?]
  • 841,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports




Bangladesh has been a country of refuge for Rohingyas fleeing violence in Myanmar on numerous occasions since 1978.? Since the latest violent episode of August 2017, some 741,577 Rohingya refugees have crossed the border from Rakhine state. As of 15 May 2019, there were 910,619 refugees living in 35 sites in Ukhiya and Teknaf sub-districts of Cox’s Bazar.? 

Bangladesh is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention, and Rohingyas are registered as ‘Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals’. While the Government of Bangladesh has kept the borders open for refugees, there remain important gaps in assistance: refugees are officially not allowed to leave the camps, they are not permitted to work legally, and Rohingya youth are prevented from accessing quality education.? According to the Acaps Basic Needs Gap Index, some 32% of the refugee population in 34 location of Cox’s Bazar have either high or very high gaps in meeting their basic humanitarian needs.? 

The plan of the Government of Bangladesh to relocate some 100,000 Rohingyas from Cox’s Bazar to Bashan Char Island (also named Thengar Char) remains a cause for concern. Bangladeshi authorities have stated multiple times that relocation will be voluntary. However, the relocation plan has not gained traction with camp residents, as the island is particularly prone to flooding, and isolated from the mainland.? 

Latest Developments


02/08: Monsoon rains since 9 July have triggered flooding across 28 districts in northern, north-eastern and south-eastern Bangladesh, affecting more than 7.6 million people and damaging over 600,000 houses. An estimated 300,000 people are displaced and are staying in buildings or makeshift shelters. As monsoon rains continue, some of the displaced may be exposed to the elements. Food security will likely worsen as 163,194 hectares of crops were damaged by flood waters and 500,000 livestock are affected due to lack of shelter and fodder. WASH needs are high with over 5 million people at high risk of waterborne diseases. Floods and landslides have damaged 6,640 km of roads and infrastructure impacting the humanitarian access. Response from the government and humanitarian actors is ongoing but is feared to be insufficient. More than 22,800 refugees across the camps in Cox’s Bazar have been affected, with increasing WASH, shelter and education needs.?



ACAPS is collaborating with IOM’s Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) project since December 2017, and have established an Analysis Hub in Cox’s Bazar. The Hub supports operational actors by producing analytical briefs, and provides stakeholders with an overview of the situation through regular updates and specialized thematic products. 

Learn more about the ACAPS - NPM Analysis Hub.

If you are interested in the reports produced by the hub, please subscribe to the ACAPS Cox's Bazar mailing list.