Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
Since late June 2020, extreme monsoon flooding has directly impacted the northern, north-eastern, and south-eastern regions of Bangladesh, affecting 35% of the country’s total landmass. As of 17 August, 30 districts were affected, with 15 districts facing moderate to severe impact. Jamalpur, Manikganj, Shariatpur, Lalmonirhat, and Kurigram are priority areas, with at least 20% of the districts’ population, (over 1.6 million people) directly impacted by flooding. In total, 5.4 million people are affected across the country, and there had been 135 deaths as of 17 August.?
Bangladesh has been recovering from back-to-back flooding in 2016, 2017, and 2019. Protection infrastructure such as dykes and embankments were previously damaged and left unrepaired, which also contributed to the extreme river flooding in 2020. The response is further complicated by stagnant waters and the COVID-19 pandemic. It is particularly difficult to respect social distancing in schools and other temporary buildings that have been used as shelters. The country’s emergency and health system is already stretched because of the pandemic, and is recovering from previous flooding.?
Crops, livestock, and fisheries have been severely affected, resulting in an above- average dependence on humanitarian relief. The longer-term impact may be higher rates of food insecurity, as the flooding has damaged agricultural land and may have impacted the planting season – from June to July – and impacted harvesting in November and December.?
Rohingya refugee camps in the south-eastern district of Cox’s Bazar have been largely untouched by this large-scale river flooding. Despite this, heavy rains and strong winds from the monsoon season continue to impact Rohingya refugees, severely affecting their living conditions.?
Between May and July 2020, an alarming number of Rohingya refugee shelters were damaged by heavy rains, with an increase in shelter damage of more than 100% compared to the same period in 2019. Weather events in 2020 such as windstorms, heavy rains, slope failure (landslide and soil erosion), and flooding have affected more than 90,000 people (20,000 households) in the camps, who are in urgent need of longer-term shelter assistance.?
There are no significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
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WASH: Seven districts do not have safe drinking water and over 81,000 latrines were damaged or destroyed. Immediate needs include adequate sanitation facilities and safe drinking water.?
Shelter: Shelter facilities have been inundated and damaged because of flooding. Makeshift shelters, shelter toolkits, and cash assistance are needed. ?
Food insecurity: 83,000 hectares of paddy fields and 125,549 hectares of agriculture land are affected. Price inflation has made certain foods inaccessible, including potatoes, lentils, and vegetables, increasing rates of food insecurity.?