Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
On 9 November 2019, Cyclone Bulbul made landfall along the coast of Bangladesh. The storm brought heavy rainfall and sustained wind speeds of 100 kph, with gusts reaching 120 kph. In preparation for the cyclone, 2.1 million people were evacuated from the country’s 14 coastal districts and housed in more than 5,500 emergency shelters. Twelve people have died as a result of the storm and 71 were injured. Initial estimates indicate that more than 150,000 homes have been damaged and approximately 250,000 hectares of crops have been flooded.?
The Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) began meetings with all relevant government and non-government agencies present in the affected areas to coordinate evacuations prior to the cyclone and respond after the storm made landfall. The Bangladesh Red Crescent (BDRC) and the government’s Cyclone Preparedness Program (CPP) are leading the response, along with NGOs, all of which are responding to immediate food, shelter, and WASH needs.?
Cyclones frequently occur along the Bangladesh coast, and the cyclone season in the Bay of Bengal can occur from April to December. The frequency and intensity of storms have increased in recent years due to climate change; however, the death toll from storms like Cyclone Bulbul has decreased, largely a result of improvements in evacuation times and disaster preparedness in Bangladesh.
There are no signicant developments. This crisis is currently being monitored by our analysis team.
Information Gaps and Needs
Needs assessments are ongoing. There is little information regarding sectoral needs of the affected population or the exact number of people displaced, largely due to access constraints, especially in remote areas.
Shelter: An estimated 150,000 homes are damaged. Distribution of shelter material and repair kits is ongoing.
Livelihoods: Agriculture and fisheries are the primary source of income in Bangladesh’s coastal districts. The cyclone has damaged or destroyed approximately USD 30 million worth of crops and fisheries.