Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Cyclone Amphan hit Bangladesh on 20-21 May, bringing high winds and large storm surges. The storm impacted 19 districts in southern and southwestern Bangladesh, with eight districts considered severely affected: Khulna, Satkhira, Barguna, Patukhali, Pirojpur, Bagerhat, Bhola, Jashore.?
2.4 million people were evacuated from coastal districts prior to storm. At least 26 people died and estimates indicate as many as 500,000 families could be displaced. According to initial assessments, more than 10 million people were directly in the path of Cyclone Amphan.?
More than 350,000 homes were damaged, an estimated 176,000 hectares of crops have been flooded and 18,000 water points were damaged. The total cost of damage is estimated at more than USD 130 million.?
In the Rohingya refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar, moderate flooding and small landsides blocked drains and damaged stairs, latrines and bridges. Over 7,000 Rohingya refugees were affected, and around 550 were moved to temporary shelters within the camps or are staying with relatives.?
There are no recent updates or developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Shelter and NFIs: Approximately 2.6 million people were evacuated to over 12,000 evacuation centres. Many of them remain in shelters. Estimates suggest up to 500,000 families could have lost their homes and belongings. There is a shortage of shelter space.?
WASH: More than 18,000 water collection points and 40,000 latrines were damaged. Salt water intrusion has increased salinity in water sources. Damaged infrastructure has left 12% of the affected population dependent on contaminated water and without access to sanitation facilities.?
Livelihoods: Initial estimates suggest 176,000 hectares of crops, or 65% of the total agricultural land in the 19 affected districts was flooded. Summer crops ready to harvest (jute, mango, litchi) were severely damaged.?
Humanitarian Access Constraints
The cyclone caused significant damage to transportation and communications infrastructure, posing challenges for humanitarian response.
Approximately 1,100km of road and 200 bridges were damaged, blocked by debris, or flooded. An estimated 15 million people lost electricity for several days after the cyclone hit. Coastal districts with extreme flooding due to the destruction of embankments are particularly difficult to reach.?