• Crisis Severity ?
    3.4
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    2.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Special Reports

23/11/2022

Special Reports

30/08/2022

Special Reports

07/06/2022

Special Reports

22/04/2022

Special Reports

07/03/2022

Overview

19/07/2022

Bangladesh hosts more than 920,000 Rohingya refugees. They live in 34 camps in Ukhia and Teknaf upazilas (administrative regions). The country is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention, and the Rohingya are registered as ‘forcibly displaced Myanmar nationals’ rather than as refugees. While the Government of Bangladesh has kept borders open, refugees lack formal legal status, face extreme movement restrictions, and are not permitted to legally work. ?

The Rohingya population in Cox’s Bazar has been left in a protracted crisis and is entirely dependent on humanitarian assistance. Insecurity, congestion and a lack of privacy, and inadequate sanitation facilities and water infrastructure mark camp conditions. Most Rohingya households engage in high-risk coping strategies to meet their basic needs, such as selling or rationing aid and taking on additional debt. ?

The country is very prone to floods. In May–June 2022, it faced one of the most severe flooding in decades following incessant rains in northeast Bangladesh and floodwaters flowing downstream from India. Some human interventions, such as development infrastructure blocking drainage passages for floods, worsened the situation. Flooding affected 15 out of 64 districts. Three districts experienced the inundation of more than 50% of their respective land areas, including Sunamganj, which had around 70% of its land area flooded.  ?

The floods caused power and communication outages and damaged several infrastructures, including houses, WASH facilities, schools, markets, hospitals, roads, bridges, and culverts. Flooding affected more than 7 million people and left 3.4 million in need. ?

Latest Developments

19/07/2022

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access

19/07/2022

High constraints

Bangladesh faced High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 3/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation remained stable. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022.