Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
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Bangladesh is affected by natural hazards and is host to a large Rohingya refugee population, both of which have an impact on humanitarian needs in the country.
Bangladesh has been a refuge for Rohingya fleeing persecution in Myanmar since 1978. Today, Cox’s Bazar is home to more than 850,000 Rohingya, many of whom fled to Bangladesh following the military crackdown in Myanmar’s Rakhine State in September 2017. Rohingya refugees remain under a strict encampment policy, lack legal status and the ability to work, and face extreme movement restrictions, leaving them dependent on humanitarian assistance.?
Cyclone Amphan hit Bangladesh’s on 20-21 May, bringing high winds and large storm surges to 19 southern and southwestern districts. At least 26 people died and estimates indicate as many as 500,000 families could be displaced. The cyclone resulted in significant damage to homes, public infrastructure, and water points and sanitation facilities in the affected districts.?
Cyclone Season occurs from May to September and often affects millions of people across the country, including refugees in Cox’s Bazar, where hilly terrain poses a significant risk for landslides and flooding.?
INFORM scores the risk of humanitarian crisis in Bangladesh to be high at 6/10.?
There are no recent updates or developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
WASH: Communities affected by Cyclone Amphan have limited access to clean water sources and sanitation facilities due to damaged water points, latrines, and salt water intrusion from storm surges. WASH facilities are poorly maintained and overcrowded in the Rohingya refugee camps.?
Livelihoods: Cyclone Amphan resulted in 176,000 hectares of flooded crops in southern and southwestern Bangladesh, which is heavily reliant on agriculture. The Rohingya face extreme limitations on movement and are not allowed to work or leave camps. They report being unable to participate in income-generating activities like NGO volunteering or cash-for-work programs.?
Health: Health infrastructure inside the Rohingya camps is limited. An extremely high population density, poor WASH facilities and practices, and poor nutrition contribute to the spread of diarrhoeal and respiratory diseases.?
Humanitarian Access Constraints
The government of Bangladesh does not legally recognise Rohingyas as refugees and currently confines them to segregated areas in Cox’s Bazar district. Curfews and temporary shutdowns of communication lines have affected the camps, where different groups, some armed, are vying for control with reported episodes of violence. Tensions between refugees and Bangladeshi authorities followed the repeated announcement of repatriation plans. Refugees’ freedom of movement and access to services has always been restricted.
The monsoon season often causes road blockages and infrastructural damage. Cyclone Amphan resulted in significant destruction of roads, bridges, and left 15 million people without electricity for several days.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview