Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
COVID-19 and Migrant Vulnerability in Bangladesh, India and ...
Bangladesh: Short and long term impacts of existing COVID-19...
Bangladesh hosts more than 920,000 Rohingya refugees. They live in 34 camps in Ukhia and Teknaf upazilas (administrative regions). The country is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention, and the Rohingya are registered as ‘forcibly displaced Myanmar nationals’ rather than as refugees. While the Government of Bangladesh has kept borders open, refugees lack formal legal status, face extreme movement restrictions, and are not permitted to legally work. ?
The Rohingya population in Cox’s Bazar has been left in a protracted crisis and is entirely dependent on humanitarian assistance. Insecurity, congestion and a lack of privacy, and inadequate sanitation facilities and water infrastructure mark camp conditions. Most Rohingya households engage in high-risk coping strategies to meet their basic needs, such as selling or rationing aid and taking on additional debt. ?
The country is very prone to floods. In May–June 2022, it faced one of the most severe flooding in decades following incessant rains in northeast Bangladesh and floodwaters flowing downstream from India. Some human interventions, such as development infrastructure blocking drainage passages for floods, worsened the situation. Flooding affected 15 out of 64 districts. Three districts experienced the inundation of more than 50% of their respective land areas, including Sunamganj, which had around 70% of its land area flooded. ?
The floods caused power and communication outages and damaged several infrastructures, including houses, WASH facilities, schools, markets, hospitals, roads, bridges, and culverts. Flooding affected more than 7 million people and left 3.4 million in need. ?