Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Northeastern Bangladesh has been experiencing heavy pre-monsoon rains, followed by monsoon downpours, since late May 2022. The incessant rains and floodwater flowing downstream from India have inundated a significant portion of landmass. The floods have affected 15 out of 64 districts; the most inundated has been the northeast districts of Habiganj, Moulvibazar, Sunamganj, and Sylhet in Sylhet division and Netrokona in Mymensingh division. As per the latest assessments, flooding has inundated more than 50% of land area in three districts, including Sunamganj, which has had around 70% of its land area flooded. ?
The floods have affected more than seven million people and left 3.4 million in need, with at least 1.5 million facing increased vulnerabilities. There have been at least 120 flood-related fatalities. Flooding has caused power and communication outages and damaged several infrastructures, including houses, WASH facilities, schools, markets, hospitals, roads, bridges, and culverts. Specifically, it has damaged around 50,000 sanitation facilities and 45,000 water sources. It has also affected around 650,000 cattle and damaged around 250,000 hectares of croplands. Major priorities for people in need are emergency food aid and nutritional support, livelihood support, WASH, NFIs, child protection, shelter, and the recovery of infrastructure.?
Some factors of the high severity of flooding are record rainfall; human intervention destroying the passage of stormwater discharge from Cherrapunji in Meghalaya, India, to Bhairab, Bangladesh; recently built roads blocking drainage passages for floods in three Haor regions (wetland ecosystems) in Bangladesh; and poor waste management in Sylhet and Sunamganj districts blocking floodwater discharge.?
Food security and livelihoods, and nutrition: People in the flood-affected areas need ready-to-eat food, which is scarce even in formal shelters. They also need animal feed for livelihood support. The most inundated district, Sunamganj, is one of the two districts in the country suffering from severe food insecurity. The floods have damaged seeds, fertilisers, hand tools, fishponds, livestock, crops, fishing equipment, and sewing machines, affecting livelihoods. Daily wage earners, including women, are in particular need of livelihood support.?
WASH: The flood situation posits a risk of widespread contamination and the spread of waterborne diseases. There is a need for the provision of potable water, WASH supplies (such as jerrycans and water purification tablets), and disinfectants (such as bleaching powder) and the immediate repair, rehabilitation, and reconstruction of damaged WASH facilities. ?
Child protection: There is also a need for the dissemination of risk prevention and mitigation messages; the provision of NFI kits, including family support packs, recreation kits, and dignity kits to lessen negative coping strategies (such as child marriage and child labour); and the provision of mental health and psychosocial support to affected children and communities.?
Reconstruction of critical infrastructure and shelter: The flooding has damaged critical infrastructures, such as markets, hospitals, roads, and flood protection embankments. These infrastructures are in urgent need of repair, rehabilitation, and reconstruction, requiring construction tools.?