More than 706,364 people have crossed from Myanmar into Cox’s Bazar since 25 August 2017.? In 2018, more than 14,650 new arrivals are reported as of 31 October. The arrival of more refugees raises concerns about their lack of security in Rakhine State. Recently, most refugees have arrived by boat via the southern peninsula of Cox's Bazar. ?200 Rohingyas on the east side of Naf are waiting to enter Cox's Bazar near Shah Porir Dwip in Teknaf Adding. ? 212,000 Rohingya are already in Cox's Bazar, which puts the total Rohingya refugee population in Bangladesh at more than 921,000. ? Many of the newly arrived have cited safety and security, arbitrary arrests and restrictions on movement and livelihoods as their reasons for fleeing. Cases of refugees attempting to flee Cox's Bazar due to risks of flooding and forced relocation and repatriation have been registered in 2018.??
Over 921,000 refugees live in refugee camps and other sites. ?The largest camp is the Kutupalong expansion site in Ukhia, hosting more than 610,000 refugees. Some 15,000 refugees live with host communities, the majority in Sadar and Ramu in Cox's Bazar and in Teknaf. About 55% of Rohingya refugees are under 18. Over 30% of households are classified as vulnerable due to disabilities, single parents, separated children, or older people. Women and girls account for 52% of the refugees. ? Refugees continue to rely heavily on aid for securing their basic needs.? Growing tension between refugees and the host community has been reported.?
Thousands of people remain displaced in 'no man's land' - the border area between Myanmar and Bangladesh. Bangladeshi security forces do not allow the Rohingya to enter and many of the Rohingya say they do not want to enter, but they also do not want to return to Myanmar without assurances of security.?
Myanmar and Bangladesh agreed to start the repatriation of Rohingya refugees on 15 November. An initial group of 2,260 refugees was to be sent back to Myanmar, with 150 refugees returning each day. Some Rohingya families demonstrated against the plan on 15 November, causing Bangladesh to halt them. Bangladeshi officials refused to say if repatriation would proceed the following days. ?Before the halt, the shortlisted families were being asked if they were willing to be repatriated and the Bangladeshi government was engaging with them to motivate them to return. Not all of the shortlisted families were informed. UNHCR has indicated that conditions in Rahkine state are not conducive for voluntary, safe, dignified and sustainable returns. ? Fear of repatriation has led an unknown number of families to flee their camps and go into hiding.? On 8 November, Rohingya attempted to flee Bangladesh via sea to Malaysia, raising fears of an increase in dangerous voyages. More than 30 refugees were rescued from a fishing trawler in the Bay of Benegal. ?
The opening of the shelters for 100,000 refugees on Bhaschan Char Islan, off the Bay of Benegal was initially scheduled for 3 October. However, the inaugration has been delayed, with no further explanation. ? In the first phase, 50-60 families will be relocated. International agencies have continously rejected the Government of Bangladesh's proposal to move forward with the relocation, due to frequent flooding on the island and the historical track of cyclones in the region. Bangladesh has carried out extensive preparations, including the construction of embankments and permanent structures. In addition to the potential vulnerability to flood and cyclones for Rohingya refugees, there is a high concern for the lack of freedom of movement, access to livelihood activities, availability of aid and services, and protection concerns. ?
Monsoon rains affected more than 55,000 people between 11 May and 14 October, and displaced 6,206 people. ? From October 9-15, heavy rain in Rohingya Refugee camps in Cox's Bazar caused landslides, floods and wind damage, which affected almost 3,090 people. ?Families living in high-risk zones and those displaced are being relocated to reduce camp congestion. ?
41,750 people have been prioritised for relocation to reduce landslide risk. A total of 16,175 people have been relocated and 18,890 people are still waiting to be relocated to reduce their vulnerability to landslides. ?