Rohingya refugee crisis
Nearly 1.2 million people including Rohingya refugees and host communities are in need of WASH assistance.?? The upcoming monsoon season, typically beginning in June, will greatly increase WASH needs.?
90% of settlements report at least half of the population lack access to water. Some 81% of households reported E. Coli bacteria contamination in their water sources.? Space for WASH facilities is limited, and jerrycans for safe water transportation and storage are lacking.??? 31% of the 4,877 tube wells are broken or dried up and 62% of water available to households is contaminated. ?? Water testing was conducted in 76 health centres by WHO and findings revealed that only 53 had access to safe drinking water, 21 used water suited only for bathing and 5 were using unsafe water.?
50% of water points in the main camp area are at risk of floods during the monsoon season.?
An emergency pipeline water supply system was destroyed by wild elephants. This is cause for concern as WASH infrastructure is already under pressure in Cox's Bazar.?
Overstretched capacity of WASH infrastructure increases the risk of outbreaks of waterborne diseases. Adequate land space to build sufficient number of sewege management sites is lacking within the settlements.? ??Sludge management is insufficient and solid waste is frequently dumped in between shelters. 17% of emergency latrines are already full and not functional and over 30% are located less than 10 metres from a water source, risking water contamination of shallow tube-wells.?31% of hand pumps are not functional. ??As monsoon season approaches there is a need to decommission 4,500 water points and 3,700 latrines in high risk areas for floods and landslides.?
Due to the speed of the refugee influx, many WASH facilities had to be installed quickly in response t the crisis, which compromised quality. Many water installations are badly positioned and are of low-quality. Thousands of shallow tube-wells are presenting a major health risk as they have contaminated aquifers. 21% out of 5,731 tube-wells, require immediate repair or replacement. In Ukhia, where there is immense pressure on water systems, many people may soon require safe surface water solutions. Similarly in Teknaf, where there is a strong reliance on surface sources and seasonal wells, preparedness activities are required for when the water supply becomes depleted in the dry season. ?
Community engagement in WASH activities and planning has been limited. Hygiene promotion staff have faced language and communication challenges and sanitation and hygiene practices are poorly understood.?