Since 17 February 2022, armed groups affiliated with the Jama’at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin (JNIM) have surrounded Djibo town in Soum province, located at the border with Mali. The groups have been controlling the access routes to the city, preventing the entry and exit of people and goods. The population of Djibo (over 89,000 community members and at least 285,000 IDPs) depends on the few escorted supply convoys to access food and other essential items. These convoys often fall under the attacks of armed groups, who have systematically planted improvised explosive devices (IEDs) along strategic roads. These IEDs have killed civilians and prevented movements.