Latest updates on country situation
17 August 2023
Since the second week of July 2023, an estimated 150 migrants and asylum seekers have crossed daily from Tunisia to Al Assah, a remote and desert area inside the Libyan borders. They suffer from the impact of the heatwaves affecting the area and need food, water, shelter, and healthcare services. (Al Jazeera 09/08/2023, IFRC 31/07/2023)
24 July 2023
Migrants staying in makeshift camps in Tunisia are struggling with high temperatures, which have reached 50° C, when the average for July is usually just 33° C. There is a lack of water and shelter. Food supplies that are not stored properly are getting spoiled. There are also increasing risks of heat exhaustion and heat stroke. (Al Jazeera 24/07/2023, The New Arab 26/07/2023)
10 July 2023
Increasing racial tensions in Tunisia have resulted in an estimated 1,200 migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers being expelled to Ben Guerdane, a militarised Tunisia-Libya border area. The group was removed from Sfax after the killing of a Tunisian man allegedly linked to attacks against black Africans transiting the area. Racially motivated attacks against the transitory population have increased throughout 2023. Collective punishment has left the current group in a remote border area, stranded under hot temperatures without food or water and facing further violence. They are not allowed to return to Tunisia, and Libyan border guards are preventing onward movement. Among the people expelled, there are 29 children and three pregnant women. The nationalities of migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers are Cameroonian, Chadian, Guinean, Ivorian, Malian, Senegalese, and Sudanese. Water, food, shelter, and access to medical care are urgently needed. (HRW 06/07/2023, Al Jazeera 10/07/2023, Reuters 07/07/2023)
These crises have been identified through the INFORM Severity Index, a tool for measuring and comparing the severity of humanitarian crises globally.
REG007 - Central Mediterranean Route
Last updated 25/08/2023
TUN002 - Mixed Migration
Last updated 23/08/2023
30 November 2018
Migration in West and North Africa
DOCUMENT / PDF / 855 KB
These scenarios consider how migration dynamics within and via West and North Africa (including across the Mediterranean Sea) might evolve in the first half of 2019 and the potential humanitarian consequences. The aim is to support strategic planning, create awareness and promote preparedness activities for policymakers and other actors working on migration.