Latest updates on country situation
18 July 2023
On 11 July, Al Shabaab imposed a blockade on Baidoa, restricting movement on roads to and from the town. Baidoa is the capital of South West state and Bay region's main economic hub.
The blockade affected economic activities and transportation services in Baidoa, limiting food supply and causing price increases of available stocks. Fuel shortages were also reported, limiting humanitarians' ability to reach people in need within the town. Humanitarian movement outside of Baidoa is also restricted because of the blockade, cutting off access of people in need who live outside the town from aid and assistance. As at early 2023, Baidoa hosts about 600,000 people displaced by drought and conflict.
The blockade is seen as a retaliation by Al Shabaab to the latest Somali Government's directives and counter-insurgency operations against the group. As at 18 July, the blockade is still in place.
26 May 2023
The Horn of Africa is facing a humanitarian crisis caused by climatic change and insecurity. The 2020–2022 drought displaced 2.7 million people and killed 13 million livestock. Deteriorating livelihoods, poor economic conditions, and insecurity are driving hunger, with more than 20 million people needing food assistance in Ethiopia, 1.2 million facing emergency levels of need in Kenya, and 6.6 million in Somalia anticipating Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse food insecurity levels in June 2023. Approximately 1.2 million children, including 528,000 in Ethiopia, 242,500 in Kenya, and 478,000 in Somalia, will suffer from severe acute malnutrition. In Somalia, acute food insecurity is projected to deteriorate through June 2023, bringing 40,350 people to Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) food insecurity levels and facing starvation as a result of drought, high prices, and conflict. The 2023 humanitarian response is only 20% funded, with significant programming cuts expected. (OCHA 26/05/2023, DRC 21/05/2023, WFP 29/05/2023)
14 April 2023
Since the beginning of the Gu rainy season in March 2023, flash and riverine floods have affected over 175,000 people, with 140,000 displaced as at 13 April. Most IDPs are in Baardheere district in the Gedo region of Jubaland state and Baidoa district in the Bay region of Southwest state.
The flooding has caused livestock losses and damaged roads, schools, health centres, farmlands, and homes, affecting access to food and livelihoods, health, and education. Floodwaters have swept away around 27,500 livestock in the Gedo region of Jubaland state and killed 1,700 livestock in Somaliland and Puntland states, compounding previous drought-related livestock losses.
Stagnant water and inadequate access to WASH facilities also increase the risk of waterborne diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea and cholera. Since January, around 4,000 suspected cholera cases (over 50% being children) with 15 associated deaths have been reported.
03 April 2023
Since the beginning of the Gu rainy season in March 2023, flooding has affected 100,000 people and killed at least 23 countrywide. Baardheere district (Jubaland state) has been the most affected, with 78,000 people affected and 21 killed.
The floods have damaged 1,000 hectares of farmland, 200 latrines, six health facilities, and four schools. The damage to schools and loss of learning materials have disrupted education for 3,000 children. Floodwaters have also killed or swept away more than 1,700 livestock in Somaliland and Puntland states, compounding previous drought-related livestock losses.
Inadequate access to WASH facilities and the possible contamination of water sources during the rainy season could worsen current outbreaks of acute watery diarrhoea and cholera.
Some IDPs in Banadir region and Hirshabelle, Puntland, and Southwest states face secondary displacement after the floods damaged their makeshift shelters. Stagnant floodwaters and damaged roads have made some areas, such as IDP sites in Baidoa town and parts of Dhuusamareeb town, inaccessible. Affected populations need food, shelter, WASH, and NFIs.
(OCHA 03/04/2023, UNICEF 04/2023, Crisis24 25/03/2023)
24 March 2023
Between 20–23 March, heavy rainfall in Baardheere district (Gedo region) caused the levels of Juba River to rise, resulting in flash floods.
Floods displaced thousands of people, killed 20, injured two, and damaged homes, property, farmlands, and food stocks. Around 8,100 IDPs living in IDP sites in Baardheere district were particularly affected, as their shelters and WASH facilities were damaged. People affected need food, shelter, health, WASH, and NFIs.
(OCHA 24/03/2023, FAO SWALIM 24/03/2023, SODMA 25/03/2023, SODMA 25/03/2023)
These crises have been identified through the INFORM Severity Index, a tool for measuring and comparing the severity of humanitarian crises globally.
REG014 - Eastern Africa Regional Drought Crisis
Last updated 30/09/2023
4.2 Very High
SOM001 - Complex crisis
Last updated 27/09/2023
4.7 Very High
SOM002 - Mixed Migration
Last updated 27/09/2023
17 August 2023
Somalia: risk of worsening existing humanitarian needs in conflict-affected areas
DOCUMENT / PDF / 518 KB
This report provides a forward-looking analysis of the progressive withdrawal of the African Union Transition Mission, the transition of security operations to the Somali Security Forces (SSF), and how this will worsen existing humanitarian needs in conflictaffected areas.
24 April 2023
Horn of Africa: Impact of drought on children
DOCUMENT / PDF / 5 MB
Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia are currently experiencing one of the worst droughts in 60 years. The current drought is driving significant levels not only of food insecurity but also of WASH, health, and nutrition needs for the affected population.
13 April 2023
Somalia: Key crises to watch in 2023
DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB
This report provides an overview of four key humanitarian crises across Somalia that are expected to deteriorate or see a significant humanitarian impact during 2023. It aims at informing humanitarian decision-making and programming by anticipating humanitarian needs in different regions of the country.
27 January 2023
Somalia: impact of drought Banadir and Bay regions
DOCUMENT / PDF / 619 KB
This report provides an overview of the humanitarian needs resulting from the current drought in particularly affected regions of Somalia (Banadir and Bay). The report highlights key needs, the key population groups affected, coping mechanisms, compounding factors, access constraints, and response capacities for each area of focus.
22 December 2022
Ripple effects of the conflict in Ukraine: truths and myths
DOCUMENT / PDF / 4 MB
This report provides a commentary on relevant datasets as it examines trends related to the economic effects of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine on selected countries in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia.