Latest updates on country situation
13 November 2023
From 10-12 November 2023, more than 800 people were displaced in the Macomia district of Cabo Delgado, following attacks by non-state armed groups. The displaced people are sheltering in resettlement sites and among host communities in the Changane, Nanga A, and Napulubo neighbourhoods. Children and women are the most affected and the priority needs for the affected are food, shelter and NFIs.
06 October 2023
Between 14–23 September 2023, non-state armed groups attacked Macomia, Mocimboa da Praia, and Muidumbe districts in northeastern Cabo Delgado province. The attacks displaced at least 7,000 people, killed 11 civilians, led to the abduction of an unknown number, and burnt several houses. Those displaced are sheltering in schools or with relatives. Funding inadequacy continues to hinder an effective humanitarian response. (ECHO 06/10/2023, OCHA 05/10/2023)
12 September 2023
Between July–August 2023, IOM identified more than 850,000 IDPs and 571,000 returnees in 325 locations across northern and central Mozambique. Children under 18 years comprise 49% of those affected, women comprise 30%, and men 21%. Of the IDPs, 55% are living in host communities, while 45% are in 191 displacement sites. Priority needs include income sources, NFIs, shelter, health, food, and WASH services. (IOM 12/09/2023, IOM 11/09/2023)
10 July 2023
An estimated 834,304 IDPs, including 420,200 returnees, were recorded in April 2023 in 221 locations in northern Mozambique. The conflict has affected 1.6 million people who need critical assistance and protection services. The significant increase in returnees is further straining the already scarce resources, limiting access to basic services, natural resources, and humanitarian assistance.
(WFP 10/07/2023, UNHCR Accessed, IOM Accessed 12/07/2023)
19 June 2023
As at June 2023, over 9,000 people remained displaced as a result of the impact of Cyclone Freddy, which made landfall on 24 February. The displaced population is sheltering in various locations across different provinces, with four sites located in Niassa, two in Sofala, and six in Zambezia. Most displaced people in 8 of the 12 displacement sites were not willing to return to their homes because of a lack of food, damaged houses, and a lack of materials to build. Their needs include food, WASH, shelter, education, and NFIs. (IOM 19/06/2023, OCHA 24/02/2023)
12 May 2023
In 2023, northern Mozambique is facing a critical humanitarian situation, with at least two million people in Cabo Delgado, Nampula, and Niassa requiring life-saving and life-sustaining assistance and protection. These needs arise from the impact of armed conflict, violence, and insecurity in the area. The number of people in need has increased by 25% compared to 2022. More than half of those in need are children, and over 60% of affected adults are women. Nearly 1.7 million people are facing acute food insecurity because of violence and displacement. Those in need require protection, food, health services, education, WASH, shelter, and NFIs. (OCHA 12/05/2023, OCHA 24/02/2023, OCHA 01/06/2022)
10 April 2023
Cyclone Freddy struck Mozambique twice, making landfall on 24 February 2023 and then again on 21 March, affecting 8 out of the 11 provinces in the country. The cyclone affected an estimated 1.1 million people, caused extensive damage to infrastructure, and destroyed 391,000 hectares of cropland, resulting in the loss of livelihoods and 53 lives. As at 10 April, approximately 57,000 individuals out of the 184,000 people displaced by the cyclone still resided in 33 accommodation sites across Inhambane, Niassa, Sofala, Tete, and Zambezia provinces. The cyclone affected women and children the most (respectively 33% and 44% of these groups). Those affected are in urgent need of food, shelter, WASH, health, protection, and NFIs. (IOM 10/04/2023, AP 23/03/2023, PBS 11/03/2023)
These crises have been identified through the INFORM Severity Index, a tool for measuring and comparing the severity of humanitarian crises globally.
MOZ010 - Tropical Cyclone Freddy
Last updated 30/11/2023
MOZ001 - Multiple Crises
Last updated 30/11/2023
MOZ004 - Violent Insurgency in Cabo Delgado
Last updated 30/11/2023
07 July 2023
Mozambique: impact of the five-year conflict in Cabo Delgado
DOCUMENT / PDF / 615 KB
In October 2017, violence erupted in Cabo Delgado, northern Mozambique, when armed men occupied the city of Mocimboa da Praia for two days and attacked three police stations, killing 17 people. The report aims to analyse the drivers of conflict in northern Mozambique, particularly in Cabo Delgado province, and their humanitarian impact. The report also includes an overview of people’s coping mechanisms following the conflict.
21 March 2023
Mozambique: Flooding in the central provinces
DOCUMENT / PDF / 318 KB
On 11 March 2023, Cyclone Freddy made its second landfall as a severe tropical cyclone on Mozambique’s Zambezia province. It brought heavy rains across Manica, Niassa, Sofala, Tete, and Zambezia provinces, affecting more than 250,000 people.
23 February 2023
Mozambique: flooding in Maputo province and city
DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB
Heavy rains between 7–11 February 2023 resulted in large-scale flooding across the southern region of Mozambique, particularly Maputo province and city. As at 18 February, more than 43,000 people were affected, including over 16,500 displaced people and ten recorded deaths.
22 December 2022
Ripple effects of the conflict in Ukraine: truths and myths
DOCUMENT / PDF / 4 MB
This report provides a commentary on relevant datasets as it examines trends related to the economic effects of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine on selected countries in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia.
24 March 2022
Mozambique: Tropical cyclone Gombe
DOCUMENT / PDF / 191 KB
As at 22 March 2022, the cyclone had affected over 488,000 people and displaced around 23,400. The number of those affected will likely increase to 580,000 in five provinces: Manica, Nampula, Tete, Sofala, and Zambezia. The main needs are livelihood and education.