Latest updates on country situation
27 November 2023
As at 21 November 2023, clashes between Hezbollah and Israel displaced more than 55,400 people from southern Lebanon and killed at least 13 civilians. The displaced are staying with host families, in rented accommodation, or in other informal settlements. Their needs include shelter, education, food, and NFIs. (OCHA 26/11/2023, IOM 23/11/2023)
23 October 2023
Between 8–21 October 2023, increased tensions and clashes between the Hezbollah alongside Palestinian factions and Israel following escalations in Gaza Strip displaced at least 19,600 people from southern Lebanon. The only civilian casualties were two journalists killed during Israeli air strikes. About 6,000 of the displaced have gone to Tyre city, where they are staying with other families and in three schools. The use of schools as temporary shelters has disrupted education for students. Internal displacement is putting further strain on the resources of the hosting households as Lebanon has been facing a socioeconomic crisis since 2019 and poverty rates have been increasing. As at March 2023, around 80% of Lebanese lived below the relative poverty line, including around 36% below the extreme poverty line. The displaced likely need shelter, food, and NFIs. (IOM 23/10/2023, EC 30/03/2023, Al Jazeera 23/10/2023)
19 August 2023
Access to education for nearly 6,000 Palestinian refugee children is likely to be affected in Ein El Hilweh camp. As at 19 August 2023, insecurity and the presence of fighters have closed eight UNRWA schools, besides other facilities. There are also reports of the looting of education materials and damaging of school buildings. (UNRWA 19/08/2023, Al Jazeera 18/08/2023)
31 July 2023
Since 29 July 2023, there have been clashes in the Palestinian refugee camp Ein el-Hilweh between Palestinian armed groups, mainly Fatah movement and other Islamist armed groups based in the camp. The clashes have killed at least 11 people, injured 40, and displaced 2,000 to the nearby city of Sidon. The deaths include one aid worker. The displaced people are staying in schools and mosques. They need food, shelter, blankets, medication, and medical care. UNRWA has suspended all operations inside the camp because of insecurity and damage to two of its schools. There have been unsuccessful efforts to reach a ceasefire. Ein el-Hilweh is the largest of 12 Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon and hosts an estimated 55,000 people. (UNRWA 31/07/2023, UN 31/07/2023, Al Araby 31/07/2023)
18 July 2023
The socioeconomic crisis affecting Lebanon since at least 2019 has largely affected the health sector, especially the access of children and adults to life-saving medication, including cancer treatment. There are 20,000–30,000 cancer patients in the country. Cancer medication is one of the few that remain subsidised by the Government but is challenging to find given shortages in hospitals. The Government is unable to import sufficient stocks because of a lack of foreign currency and increasing debt to international pharmaceutical companies. Some patients resort to buying chemotherapy medication through the black market, which can be unsafe given the risk of contamination and a lack of government supervision. Others import their own treatments from abroad or ration medication to save money. Even when medication is imported, it arrives late. Cancer patients report delays in receiving subsidised medication at hospitals, disrupting their treatment schedule. (AI 09/02/2023, Asharq Al-Awsat 29/12/2022, Arab News 04/02/2023)
02 May 2023
Recent months have seen an increase in actions by Lebanese security forces to detain and deport Syrian refugees, including those with documentation. In April, there were reports of raids on homes and arrests at checkpoints targeting Syrian refugees with an increase in such coercive activity, including in Beirut governorate.
Around 450 Syrian refugees were arrested and at least 200 people deported that month. While deportations have previously occurred, the current political deadlock and regional rapprochement efforts with Syria are contributing to the increase in pressure on the refugee population.
There are over 1.5 million Syrian refugees in Lebanon, and many returnees risk experiencing grave human rights violations in Syria. Economic conditions in Lebanon have increased pressure on refugee populations, with 53% of Syrian refugees are projected to face high acute food insecurity.
05 April 2023
In March 2023, the Lebanese lira sunk to a new low, losing more than 95% of its value since the socioeconomic crisis started in 2019.
Around 2.2 million people, including 1.98 million Lebanese (33% of the assessed population), are estimated to be food-insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance in the first quarter of 2023.
Lebanese residents are facing the most food insecurity in Akkar, Mount Lebanon, and North governorates. The economic crisis has increased the multidimensional poverty rate in 2023 to more than 80%, up from 42% in 2019. The unemployment rate also reached around 30% in 2022 – up from 11% in 2019. The economic crisis is causing Lebanese households to face challenges in accessing food, healthcare, education, and other basic services.
(The 961 04/04/2023, VAO 14/03/2023, FAO/WFP 19/01/2023, USAID 20/01/2023, IPC 22/12/2022, IFRC 03/01/2023, WB accessed 25/01/2023, ILO 12/05/2022,UNHCR 16/02/2022)
These crises have been identified through the INFORM Severity Index, a tool for measuring and comparing the severity of humanitarian crises globally.
LBN002 - Syrian refugees
Last updated 28/11/2023
LBN004 - Socioeconomic crisis
Last updated 28/11/2023
REG004 - Syrian Regional Crisis
Last updated 28/06/2023
4.2 Very High
19 October 2023
Lebanon: the effect of the socioeconomic crisis on healthcare
DOCUMENT / PDF / 364 KB
The report mainly focuses on the impact of the socioeconomic crisis on the availability of medication, people’s access to healthcare services, and the status of the health infrastructure in Lebanon. It also compares the country’s healthcare performance before 2019 with the present.
22 December 2022
Ripple effects of the conflict in Ukraine: truths and myths
DOCUMENT / PDF / 4 MB
This report provides a commentary on relevant datasets as it examines trends related to the economic effects of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine on selected countries in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia.
31 May 2022
Lebanon: Impact of crisis on children
DOCUMENT / PDF / 403 KB
This report aims to increase awareness of the scale and severity of the economic crisis in Lebanon over the past three years. It describes how the crisis disproportionately affects children and is likely to have shortand long-term consequences on their future.
22 September 2020
Lebanon: Vulnerable and Affected Areas in Greater Beirut
DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB
This report presents a comprehensive review of secondary and primary data available on the most affected areas and the main vulnerable groups within the population affected by the blast. It was developed by ACAPS, REACH, MapAction, Mercy Corps, and OCHA/UNDAC, with support from the Lebanese Red Cross and Emergency Operation Cell partners.
25 August 2020
Lebanon: Analysis of humanitarian needs in Greater Beirut
DOCUMENT / PDF / 3 MB
This report presents a comprehensive review of secondary and primary data available on the main sectoral needs for the affected population following the Beirut blast. It was developed by ACAPS, REACH, MapAction, Mercy Corps, and OCHA/UNDAC, with support from the Lebanese Red Cross and Emergency Operation Cell partners.