Latest updates on country situation
08 July 2023
From January to the end of June 2023, 18,755 people have been displaced and at least 20,300 (5,825 families) have been confined throughout the country. Violence and disputes over territorial control between armed groups, FARC dissidents and criminal organisations have particularly affected the departments of Arauca, Cauca, Chocó, and Nariño. Despite the ceasefire and dialogues between armed groups and the Government, so far in 2023 there have been 89 displacement events, a minimal reduction compared to the 92 events in the same period in 2022. Indigenous and Afro-Colombian populations are the most affected by violence. Children and adolescents face risks of forced recruitment and sexual violence. Displaced people require food, emergency education, access to livelihoods, shelter, and protection. Humanitarian access is restricted because of armed clashes and the presence of explosive devices in some areas. (Defensoría del Pueblo 23/06/2023, Defensoría del Pueblo 10/07/2023, OCHA 20/04/2023)
28 June 2023
Between January–April 2023, 127,000 migrants (mainly Venezuelans) crossed into the Darién jungle from the municipality of Necoclí, Colombia. This figure represents an increase of five times more than the same period in 2022. Migrants in transit need shelter, protection, access to drinking water and food, and adequate hygiene and sanitation. (OCHA 20/06/2023, MSF 28/06/2023)
25 March 2023
Between 9–16 March, at least 8,819 migrants, mainly Venezuelans, crossed into the Darién jungle from the municipality of Necoclí, Colombia. This figure is an increase of 12% compared to the previous week. Migrants in transit need shelter, protection, medical services, water, and food. By the end of 2023, it is estimated that 400,000 people will have crossed the Darien jungle.
(UNHCR 20/03/2023), (R4V 25/03/2023)
These crises have been identified through the INFORM Severity Index, a tool for measuring and comparing the severity of humanitarian crises globally.
COL001 - Complex crisis
Last updated 30/08/2023
COL002 - Venezuelan refugees
Last updated 30/08/2023
REG002 - Venezuela Regional Crisis
Last updated 17/05/2023
22 September 2023
Colombia: increase in refugee and migrant numbers in Necoclí
DOCUMENT / PDF / 901 KB
Necoclí is one of the main transit points for those heading to the Darien jungle through Acandí and Capurgana, generating problems such as overcrowding, a lack of resources, and violence in the municipality. The presence of the Gaitanist Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AGC) aggravates this situation.
26 July 2023
Colombia: the unintended impact of the Total Peace policy on armed violence
DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB
This report provides an overview of key humanitarian crises resulting from armed conflict within 3 of the 32 departments in Colombia. It aims to inform humanitarian decision-making and programming by anticipating humanitarian needs in the departments of Antioquia, Caquetá, and Chocó.
19 June 2023
Colombia: Floods in Arauca department
DOCUMENT / PDF / 342 KB
Since the end of March 2023, rainfall has increased in the department of Arauca. During the first days of May, the rains increased the flow of the Arauca, Caño Caranal, Cusay, and Jordán Rivers, causing them to overflow into the municipalities of Arauquita and Saravena. As at 5 June, the floods had affected more than 9,700 people.
11 April 2023
Colombia: GBV cases and response gaps
DOCUMENT / PDF / 338 KB
This short thematic note identifies the barriers to reporting GBV cases and some response gaps in Colombia. The findings are intended to help create situational awareness and inform the local, national, and international programmatic decisionmaking of the responders dealing with GBV in Colombia.
14 January 2023
Colombia: complexities in negotiating ‘total peace’
DOCUMENT / PDF / 401 KB
This short note provides a general overview of the configuration of the four major armed groups engaged in dialogue and negotiations with the Colombian government. It aims to give a glimpse of the complexity of these structures and the different challenges facing the negotiation process. This note is meant to provide additional information and support the Colombia Risk Analysis Update.