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Sudan: protection concerns ten months into the war

29 February 2024

Sudan: protection concerns ten months into the war

DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB

Ten months into the war, human rights violations constitute the current protection crisis in Sudan. These violations include the deliberate targeting of civilians, conflict-related sexual violence, enforced disappearances, forced displacements, and violations against the crisisaffected civilian population, including children. Humanitarian access challenges resulting from insecurity and obstructions to the aid response compound this complex crisis, further increasing protection needs.

Conflict and violenceProtection
Sudan: healthcare and epidemics in the context of hunger

27 February 2024

Sudan: healthcare and epidemics in the context of hunger

DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB

Since 15 April 2023, when conflict erupted between the Sudanese Armed Forces and Rapid Support Forces, the situation has continued to deteriorate, with over eight million people forcibly displaced. Sudan’s health system has been stretched to near collapse, with reduced capacity despite overwhelming need as disease outbreaks, malnutrition, and non-communicable diseases are on the rise.

Conflict and violenceDisplacementHealth
Sudan: Humanitarian response by local, national actors and the diaspora

23 January 2024

Sudan: Humanitarian response by local, national actors and the diaspora

DOCUMENT / PDF / 2 MB

This report aims to highlight the roles, capacities, and challenges that Sudanese humanitarians face in responding to the needs of conflict-affected people. Since armed confrontations broke out, the local humanitarian landscape has evolved, but little is known and understood of local capacities.

Humanitarian access
Sudan: impact of the war on women and girls

23 January 2024

Sudan: impact of the war on women and girls

DOCUMENT / PDF / 314 KB

This report focuses on specific protection threats affecting women and girls, impacts relating to health and nutrition, access to services, and the most affected groups as a result of the conflict that began in April 2023

Gender
Sudan: Impact of the conflict on children

17 November 2023

Sudan: Impact of the conflict on children

DOCUMENT / PDF / 3 MB

As at 30 September, the escalation of violence in April had forcibly displaced at least 2.6 million children, the largest in the world. The effects of displacement on children are deep and far-reaching, leaving them vulnerable to a range of physical and psychological challenges and often grappling with feelings of insecurity and uncertainty. 
 

Displacement
Sudan: scenarios

18 October 2023

Sudan: scenarios

DOCUMENT / PDF / 3 MB

The scenarios consider four different yet plausible futures for Sudan until October 2024, including their possible impacts and humanitarian consequences. Each scenario considers the differences in three main variables: conflict, governance, and socioeconomic conditions. Scenarios identify the potential change in people’s ability to meet their needs.

Conflict and violence
Sudan: North Kordofan pre-crisis and current situation

10 October 2023

Sudan: North Kordofan pre-crisis and current situation

DOCUMENT / PDF / 326 KB

On 15 April 2023, violence broke out between the Sudanese Armed Forces and the Rapid Support Forces. The violence that started in Khartoum quickly spread to other states, including North Kordofan, resulting in deaths, mass displacement, and the breakdown of essential services.

AudioConflict and violence

Attached resources

Sudan: White Nile pre-crisis and current situation

06 October 2023

Sudan: White Nile pre-crisis and current situation

DOCUMENT / PDF / 652 KB

On 15 April 2023, the alliance between the Sudanese Armed Forces and Rapid Support Forces collapsed into violence. The conflict that began in Khartoum has spread across the country, causing death, injuries, displacement, and destruction. The violence has displaced over five million people. The hostilities have not directly affected White Nile, but its safety and proximity to Khartoum have made it a main pathway for people leaving Sudan, providing a critical access point to South Sudan at Kosti.

AudioConflict and violence

Attached resources

Sudan: impact of current conflict on WASH needs

11 September 2023

Sudan: impact of current conflict on WASH needs

DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB

While some reports document disruptions to water services or the scarcity of resources for the rapidly increasing population in certain states, few have explored how the armed conflict has modified patterns of WASH service use and interacted with the country’s WASH infrastructure and the workers in charge. This report seeks to address this information gap.

Conflict and violenceWASH

Attached resources

Sudan: Northern State pre-crisis and current situation

29 August 2023

Sudan: Northern State pre-crisis and current situation

DOCUMENT / PDF / 930 KB

Since 15 April 2023, violence in Sudan between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) has created a significant surge of people seeking safety in Northern state to attempt to cross into Egypt.

DisplacementFood security & livelihoods
Sudan: implications of financial blockages

11 August 2023

Sudan: implications of financial blockages

DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB

The 2023 conflict in Sudan has led to the damage and destruction of the banking infrastructure in Khartoum, the epicentre of fighting and where banking operators are mainly based. This has significantly affected cash access across the country, even in areas that currently do not have active conflict.

Economy
Sudan: West Darfur pre-crisis profile

18 July 2023

Sudan: West Darfur pre-crisis profile

DOCUMENT / PDF / 813 KB

On 15 April 2023, the alliance between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid  Support Forces (RSF) collapsed into violence over a power struggle. The conflict initially  erupted in Khartoum, the capital city of Sudan, but has spread across the country. The SAF and RSF had been recruiting and training  fighters in Darfur since 2022.

Conflict and violence
Sudan: Khartoum pre-crisis profile

11 July 2023

Sudan: Khartoum pre-crisis profile

DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB

On 15 April 2023, the alliance between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and Rapid Support Forces (RSF) collapsed into violence. The conflict that began in Khartoum has spread across the country, causing death, injuries, displacement, and destruction. Since 15 April, 70% of all documented political violence incidents in Sudan have occurred in Khartoum state. 

Conflict and violence
Sudan: anticipated impacts of the 2023 rainy season

21 June 2023

Sudan: anticipated impacts of the 2023 rainy season

DOCUMENT / PDF / 1 MB

On 15 April 2023, clashes erupted between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) in multiple areas of Sudan. While multiple ceasefires have created temporary lulls in fighting, violence continues. As at 6 June, the conflict had resulted in at least 866 deaths and 6,000 injuries according to the Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH).

AudioDisplacementFood security & livelihoodsNatural hazards

Attached resources

Sudan crisis: consequences for Ethiopia

19 May 2023

Sudan crisis: consequences for Ethiopia

DOCUMENT / PDF / 770 KB

Since 15 April 2023, intense fighting has been occurring in the capital Khartoum and other parts of the Sudan. The heavy fighting has resulted in forced displacement into neighbouring countries, including Ethiopia, and will have broader implications for conflict in the region. 

Conflict and violenceMixed migration

Attached resources

South Sudan: conflict-related displacement

17 May 2023

South Sudan: conflict-related displacement

DOCUMENT / PDF / 293 KB

As at 14 May 2023, the conflict that began on 15 April in Sudan had displaced more than 57,000 people to South Sudan. 90% of this number were conflict-displaced South Sudanese returnees. The majority of the displaced are settling in border towns in Upper Nile state. 

Conflict and violenceDisplacement
Chad: influx of refugees from Sudan

05 May 2023

Chad: influx of refugees from Sudan

DOCUMENT / PDF / 555 KB

As at 1 May 2023, at least 30,000 people were reported to be displaced to Ouaddai, Sila, and Wadi Fira provinces in Chad because of military clashes in Tandulti area in Ag Geneina locality and Foro Baranga town in West Darfur state, Sudan.

Conflict and violenceDisplacement
Sudan: Humanitarian access snapshot

04 May 2023

Sudan: Humanitarian access snapshot

DOCUMENT / PDF / 697 KB

The report provides a snapshot of the humanitarian access situation in Sudan following the start of fighting on 15 April 2023, focusing on conflict-affected areas. It also provides some insights into the overall humanitarian access situation in the country since the military takeover in October 2021.

Humanitarian access

Attached resources

Sudan: humanitarian update with a focus on the impact on healthcare

27 April 2023

Sudan: humanitarian update with a focus on the impact on healthcare

DOCUMENT / PDF / 496 KB

This report provides an update on the impact of conflict on Sudan’s healthcare system using a secondary data review of public sources. Operational constraints and political sensitivities hinder data and information gathering among humanitarian responders, resulting in information gaps and the lack of a holistic understanding of the crisis impact. 

Conflict and violenceHealth

Attached resources

Sudan: conflict

19 April 2023

Sudan: conflict

DOCUMENT / PDF / 396 KB

On 15 April 2023, a violent power struggle broke out in Sudan’s capital of Khartoum. As at 18 April, at least 200 people were dead, and 1,800 were injured. The violence has led to the closure of hospitals and movement restrictions ordered by the army across Khartoum.

Conflict and violence

Attached resources