Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Zimbabwe: Tropical Cyclone Idai, Update I
Zimbabwe: Tropical Cyclone Idai
Tropical Cyclone Idai hit the eastern provinces of Zimbabwe on 15-16 March. Some 270,000 people in Manicaland, Masvingo, and parts of Mashonaland East provinces have been affected. ?More than 50,000 IDPs are registered as of 06 May. ?As of 30 April 2019, at least 344 people died and 175 were injured while more than 257 people are still missing. ?
Cyclone-affected communities are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance as they have multi-sectoral short-, medium- and long-term needs, including food, livelihoods, health, and education. The pre-cyclone situation shows that 30% in Chipinge district and 35% Chimanimani district were already facing Crisis (IPC 3 ) and Emergency (IPC 4) food insecurity levels due to dry conditions and limited harvest in 2019. Another 124,000 people, currently at Stressed (IPC 2) levels could fall into Crisis level, because of their limited capacity to cope with another reduced harvest as a result of the cyclone. The education of more than 90,000 children is impacted as loss or damage of essential teaching and learning materials is reported in 95% of schools in the affected area. ?
The risk of waterborne disease outbreaks is high, especially due to Zimbabwe’s outdated health and WASH infrastructure. An ongoing economic crisis causing severe shortages limits people’s coping capacity and the government’s ability to holistically respond to hyperinflation, shortages of food and medicines and rising living standards. ?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. The situation is being monitored by our analysis team.
While the full extent of the cyclone’s impact is not yet assessed, extensive damage to critical infrastructure, including roads, WASH infrastructure and education, and health facilities have been recorded. Road access is slowly being restored. An estimated 95% of the road infrastructure in Chimanimani district has been destroyed. As of 15 May, remote areas in Chimanimani and Chipinge district remain hard to reach.
Much of the local electricity transmission infrastructure, as well as communication lines, have been destroyed in Manicaland and Masvingo provinces, affecting service provision. The power supply across the flood-affected areas is likely to remain disrupted.
Vulnerable people in the cyclone-affected area reported that they were denied aid as they were perceived to support the opposition party Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).
Information Gaps and Needs
- Information on gender-specific sectoral needs as well as information on people with disabilities remains unknown.
- Short, medium and long-term impact on food security levels and livelihoods remain speculative. The level of damage caused rains and floods on agricultural productivity and livestock cannot yet be accurately assessed.
- More information about IDPs, especially those living in remote host communities, is lacking. Particularly their intentions, the longevity of their hosting arrangement and their medium- and long-term needs are unknown.