Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
Zimbabwe has recorded an epidemic outbreak of malaria, with spikes of increased cases since January. Over the week of 20-26 of April, 33,171 cases and 21 deaths were recorded, bringing the total from January to June to 306,365, with 279 deaths.? Although peak malaria season in Zimbabwe normally occurs during the warm, wet season from February-April, case numbers are almost double those recorded at the same point in 2019 (118,000 cases, 118 deaths). The most affected areas are Manicaland, Masvingo and Mashonaland East. The Zimbabwean Ministry of Health stated that malaria accounts for 30% to 50% of outpatients in malaria-prone areas.? A major factor increasing malaria spread in the affected communities is the government's current focus on COVID-19 and the complexities it presents. Zimbabwe has recorded 282 cases with 4 deaths as at 8 June.? Malaria and COVID-19 symptoms can be similar and there is growing fear that people in rural communities who have COVID-19 would be misdiagnosed as having malaria, thereby increasing misdiagnosis and spread of both diseases.? Movement restrictions aiming to contain COVID-19 are preventing malaria vaccine delivery to affected areas. Lack of access to safe drinking water and effective personal hygiene in most rural areas will likely increase malaria spread in affected areas.?
Health: Insecticide-treated mosquito nets are particularly needed in rural communities in Manicaland and Mashonaland East. Malaria vaccination in the most affected areas, and routine immunization for children needs to be scaled up.