Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Uganda hosts around 815,600 South Sudanese refugees and asylum seekers as of 30 April 2019. Most of them live in formal settlements in northern Ugandan. Bidibidi refugee settlement in Yumbe district is one of the most populous in the world, hosting more than 225,000 refugees. Arrival numbers remain stable in 2019 with a monthly average of around 4,000-4,500 people. ? First voluntary returns to South Sudan are reported. However, South Sudanese appear to be crossing the border seasonally, going back to plant and harvest their fields when possible or to seek other livelihood opportunities. ?
Most refugee households face multiple sectoral needs, including food and WASH assistance, livelihood opportunities, and access to health and educational services. Many refugee households are female-headed, particularly in Koboko district, where 39% of the refugee households are headed by single women. 63% of South Sudanese refugees in Uganda are children. Limited livelihood opportunities have exacerbated the risk of gender-based violence, early marriages of young girls to receive the dowry or transactional sex to earn an income. ?
29/05: No recent significant humanitarian developments. The situation is being monitored by our analysis team.
In the rainy season, poor road infrastructure, including mud roads and insufficient bridges, is often affected, challenging the timely provision of humanitarian assistance in mostly rural and remotely located refugee settlements. ?
Food security: Refugees maintain Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food security outcomes but would face Crisis levels without humanitarian assistance. Below-average rainfall in 2018/2019 has delayed planting and there is a risk of reduced harvest. Refugees struggle to access land for agricultural activities. ?
WASH: Access to clean water is a major challenge, particularly in the dry season. As clean water sources are scarce in the settlements, most refugee settlements rely on water trucks to provide clean water. In Bidibidi settlement, refugees only have access to 16 litres per person per day. Access to soap, particularly in Koboko and Lamwo districts, is often limited. ?
Health: Access to treatment in health centres is restricted due to challenges related to high treatment costs, lack of health personnel, medicines and long distances to the health facilities. ?
Information Gaps and Needs
- Data on nutrition and food insecurity numbers among refugees population is lacking.
- Sex-segregated data on the needs of South Sudanese refugees are not available.
- Low numbers of women in refugee leadership positions and participation in community member self-management structures pose serious challenges in identifying protection cases.