Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Uganda hosts over 1.36 million refugees and asylum seekers, the majority from South Sudan (854,800) and DRC (389,000), but also from Burundi and Somalia. ?They are mostly living in 30 formal settlements, primarily in Northern and Western regions. The main settlements receiving DRC refugees are: Nakivale, Isingrio district (10%); Kyangwali, Hoima district (7%); Kyaka II, Kyegegwa district (7%); Kiryandongo, Bweyale district (5%); and Rwanmwanja, Kmawenge district (5%).?
The average arrival rate in 2019 stands at 12,000 refugees per month. After major influx waves in 2014 and 2016 related to the conflict in South Sudan, the continuous arrivals have strained Uganda's limited public services and local resources including land, firewood, and water, creating tension between refugees and host communities. ?
INFORM measures Uganda's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.3/10. Lack of coping capacity is of concern, at 6.9/10. ?
12/12: Heavy rains have continued across Uganda, causing further landslides and flooding, that has resulted in many rivers breaking their banks. The death toll for the landslides occurring in eastern Bududa and Sironko district has risen to 16. Floods and landslides have also occurred in the western district of Bundibugyo, where at least 17 people have died and at least 22 remain missing. According to the Uganda Red Cross, 12,000 people have been displaced in eastern Butaleja district since flooding began last week. The affected population are in need of food, shelter, clothing, and other items. However, the heavy rains have impacted road infrastructure, complicating the delivery of response. ?
05/12: Since 3 December, heavy rains have caused flooding and landslides across parts of Uganda. In particular, flooding in the north has cut off a main connection, Pakwach bridge, which links West Nile region and the rest of the country. The impassable road poses constraints in accessing Arua, West Nile, which hosts more than 175,000 of the Ugandan refugee population, most of whom are South Sudanese. ? The heavy rains have also triggered multiple landslides across Bududa, Eastern Uganda, which damaged roads and destroyed homes. At least 4 people have lost their lives and 38 remain missing. Landslides were also triggered in Sironko District, damaging homes, crops, and roads, and killing at least 5 people. ?
Food security: Without humanitarian assistance, refugees would likely go from Stressed to Crisis food insecurity levels. Food distributions for refugees are often delayed and/or insufficient.? Reductions in food assistance for refugees who arrived prior to July 2015 have resulted in many refugees, including children, eating only one meal a day. They are estimated to face Emergency (IPC-3) food security levels from October 2019 to January 2020. ?
WASH: Among refugees, sanitation coverage is below 40%. Limited water points serve a large refugee population, leading to long waiting lines. Risk of measles, malaria, and cholera outbreaks is very high due to insufficient WASH facilities in reception centres and refugee settlements as well as in host communities.?