• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 1,429,000 People affected [?]



Uganda is the largest refugee-hosting country in Africa, with more than 1.42 million refugees and asylum seekers living in the country. The majority of refugees come from South Sudan (880,673) and DRC (415,098), but also from Burundi and Somalia. They are mostly living in 30 formal settlements, primarily in Northern and Western regions. The main settlements receiving DRC refugees are: Nakivale, Isingrio district (10%); Kyangwali, Hoima district (7%); Kyaka II, Kyegegwa district (7%); Kiryandongo, Bweyale district (5%); and Rwanmwanja, Kmawenge district (5%).?

The average arrival rate in 2019 stands at 12,000 refugees per month. After major influx waves in 2014 and 2016 related to the conflict in South Sudan, the continuous arrivals have strained Uganda's limited public services and local resources including land, firewood, and water, creating tension between refugees and host communities. ?

INFORM measures Uganda's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.4/10. Lack of coping capacity is of concern, at 7.2/10. ?

Latest Developments


03/09/2020: Kyangwali refugee camp, hosting 120,000 refugees, has been placed under lockdown following rising numbers of COVID-19 cases among aid workers and refugees. On 2 September, the Ugandan government suspended operations for 208 out of 277 aid agencies and organisations, on the premise of non-compliance with operational rules. This will likely affect the 1.4 million refugees in Uganda.?

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.


Key Priorities


Food security: Over 1.5 million refugees are likely to need food assistance in 2020. Food distribution is often delayed or insufficient. 67% of refugees surveyed nationwide felt they had insufficient access to food. Reductions in food assistance for refugees who arrived prior to July 2015 have resulted in many refugees, including children, eating only one meal a day.?

WASH: Across the entire refugee population, there are reports of a lack of access to basic sanitation, soap, and integrated resource water management.?

Impact of COVID-19


In an attempt to slow the spread of COVID-19, a presidential directive on 22 March announced the immediate closure of Ugandan borders to all new arrivals, including migrants, visitors, refugees, and asylum seekers for the next 30 days. All refugee and asylum seeker transit and reception centres are closed. Only vehicles transporting essential goods such as food and medical supplies are allowed to enter the country. Uganda hosts more than 1.4 million refugees, mainly from the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan. IOM data indicates that Uganda's borders with South Sudan and DRC register more than 200,000 crossings each month. This includes people entering and exiting Uganda, many travelling for economic opportunity, to access humanitarian aid or public services, or travelling to and from refugee camps.?

ACAPS' team is monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. For more information related to the outbreak, see the ACAPS COVID-19 Project.