Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 1,519,000 People affected [?]
Uganda hosts the largest number of refugees in Africa, with more than 1.5 million refugees and asylum seekers. The majority of the refugees are from South Sudan and DRC.?Thirteen of Uganda’s 135 districts host most of the refugees. The vast majority (92%) live in refugee settlements, primarily in the Northern and Western regions.?
Uganda is committed to the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, and an open-door policy for refugees. Although refugees in Uganda are granted freedom of movement, the right to work and establish businesses, and the right to access public services such as education, their needs are still high. The poverty rate for the refugee population is higher than for the host communities (51% of refugees are considered poor). In addition, there is tension between the refugee and host communities, due to competition over natural resources and the perception that refugees are prioritised for humanitarian assistance.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Food security: most households in refugee settlements are facing high levels of food insecurity due to poverty, limited access to livelihood opportunities and reduced food rations.?
Protection: around 56,000 refugee children are at risk of physical, emotional and sexual violence, child labour, and child marriage. Some of them have become separated from their guardians.?
WASH: Nakivale refugee settlement and Nyakabande holding centre have inadequate WASH facilities and a shortage of safe water for cooking and cleaning. By mid-September 2022, latrine coverage in Nyakabande holding centre was at one per 434 people.?
Psychosocial support: many refugees have experienced violent conflict and the loss of family members. Health facilities for refugees in Rhino Camp, Nyakabande, and Keri centres lack the capacity to offer mental health and psychosocial support services.?
Shelter and NFIs: refugees in Nyakabande holding centre need shelter kits (e.g. plastic sheets and shelter poles) to build temporary shelters. They also need kitchen utensils, blankets, mats, and hygiene kits.?
Types of centres for refugees in Uganda
Collection centres: located close to international borders to receive new refugee or asylum seeker arrivals. Humanitarian organisations pick them up from here and take them to transit, reception, or holding centres.?
Transit centres: offer temporary shelter for newly arrived refugees or asylum seekers before relocation to reception centres.?
Reception centres: located within the settlements to receive refugees before they are allocated a parcel of land and NFIs. Asylum seekers also stay here as they wait for the processing of their registration.?
Refugee settlements: offer long-term stays for refugees, with provision of a parcel of land, agricultural inputs, shelter materials, and NFIs. Health, education, social, religious, and security services are also provided.?
Nyakabande holding centre
Nyakabande holding centre is an exceptional facility in Kisoro district created in March 2022 as a temporary measure to respond to an increased influx of refugees from eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. During interviews with some newly arrived refugees, they shared that the centre’s proximity to the border with DRC is ideal for them, since many would prefer to return to their place of origin once calm has resumed. After a maximum of two weeks in this centre, the Ugandan Government expects refugees to either apply for asylum and accept transfer to other centres or return to their place of origin.?
Many refugees in this centre have exceeded this two-week maximum. The Ugandan Government intends to close the centre by 31 October. Humanitarian organisations have inadequate core relief kits (including construction poles, plastic sheets, and sleeping mats) to facilitate the relocation of the refugees currently staying there to other settlements within the stipulated time.?
As at 15 September, Nyakabande centre was hosting 13,465 refugees, well beyond its holding capacity of 7,200 people. The situation has overstretched the centre’s existing resources. WASH facilities are inadequate, with latrine coverage of one per 434 people. The overcrowded conditions and frequent cross-border movements create health and safety risks. Refugees face a greater risk of disease outbreaks and difficulties in keeping women and children safe from gender-based violence and violence against children.?