Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Outbreaks in East Africa: Desert Locusts and COVID-19
Uganda hosts over 1.2 million refugees and asylum seekers, the majority from South Sudan and DRC, but also from Burundi and Somalia. They are living in 30 formal settlements, primarily in Northern and Western regions. After major influx waves in 2014 and 2016 related to the conflict in South Sudan, the continuous arrivals have strained Uganda's limited public services and local resources including land, firewood, and water, creating tension between refugees and host communities.?
May 2020 has brought heavy rainfall, resulting in widespread flooding and landslides in the country’s western and southern districts. More than 100,000 people have been displaced.?
The risk of measles, malaria, and cholera outbreaks is very high due to insufficient WASH facilities in reception centres and refugee settlements as well as in flood-affected communities.?
INFORM measures Uganda's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.4/10.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Flash flooding and seasonal rains caused significant damage to roads and bridges, especially in the Western region. This region hosts large numbers of refugees who were temporarily unable to receive assistance as floods hindered humanitarian access, including the delivery of water trucks. Refugees who decide to live outside of camp settings in Uganda are expected to be self-reliant and do not receive humanitarian assistance according to government policy.?
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Information Gaps and Needs
Information on protection issues and more recent updates on malnutrition rates among the refugee population is lacking.
There is no severity score for the March-May flooding due to information gaps regarding humanitarian needs in the affected areas.
Desert Locust Outbreak
The Horn of Africa is suffering from the worst desert locust infestation in decades. Since July 2019, eight countries have been most affected: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania. As of February 2020, an estimated 140,000 hectares of crops have been infested in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia, and the situation continues to worsen.?
Widespread rainfall in late March allowed new swarms to mature and lay eggs and a second wave of locusts is expected in June and July, coinciding with the start of harvest season. Projections put this second wave up to 20 times larger than previous bands. In Kenya, experts are warning that 100% of summer crops could be destroyed, and large swarms continue to move from Uganda into South Sudan. In Somalia, the infestation is the worst in 25 years as locust continue to breed in the northeast. In Ethiopia, the locust infestation has led to the loss of majorly consumed cereal, including sorghum and maize, reduced pastureland for cattle, and increased animal deaths due to unavailable fodder.?
The ability of desert locusts to form large swarms and consume vast quantities of crops pose severe risks to food security and livelihoods in the affected countries, where more than 20.2 million people already face IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) or higher levels of food insecurity.?
Food Security Projections
Food security remains a concern for the population of Karamoja sub-region and for refugees across Uganda.
People in Karamoja will remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) levels of food insecurity throughout January 2021. Despite seasonal improvement, labour opportunities remain below average as a result of insecurity, market closures, and localised quarantines to limit the spread of COVID-19 and foot and mouth disease. As food stocks deplete, the population of Karamoja is expected to face an early lean season at the beginning of March, causing some areas to fall into Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity levels during February–May 2021.
Refugees will face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity throughout December. The situation is expected to deteriorate during February–May 2021, because of depleting food stocks and limited income. Without current or programmed humanitarian assistance during the same period, the refugee population would face Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity. These projections take into consideration the 30% food ration cut for refugees implemented by the WFP in April as a result of funding constraints. The situation for refugees could improve to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) should full rations be restored. ?