• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 4,041,000 People displaced [?]



Turkey currently hosts the largest number of refugees and asylum seekers in the world. The majority of registered refugees in Turkey – approximately 3.62 million – are Syrians who have fled the civil war in their country since 2011. ?Turkey also hosts around 330,000 non-Syrian refugees and asylum seekers, most notably Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Somalia. ?

There has been an escalation of violence between government forces and the PKK since 2015, creating further humanitarian concerns in southeast Turkey. Up to 1.1 million people may have been internally displaced as a result of conflict.  Humanitarian access is highly constrained in the areas most affected by violence, which makes the delivery of assistance more difficult, as well as contributing to large information gaps about humanitarian needs.  ?

Latest Developments


Turkish authorities suspended the issuance of the temporary protection ID cards for patients referred from northern Syria on 11 September, replacing it with a medical tourism document, as a temporary solution until a new system for referrals is in place. Non-emergency patients referred from Syria lost access to free medical treatment and medication at government hospitals in Turkey as a result ?.

Humanitarian Access



Humanitarian access in Turkey remains stable. Refugees and asylum seekers are particularly at risk of deportation and insufficient access to basic services as they lack proper documentation and residency. People with pending registration and documentation applications, rural, nomadic, and semi-nomadic communities, as well as Afghan and Iranian refugees and asylum seekers face difficulty accessing humanitarian assistance. Turkish authorities deported a number of refugees who had participated in demonstrations and forced hundreds of refugees into signing voluntary return documents. Humanitarian movement is limited in the southern provinces and affected by the longstanding conflict with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party. Access to the affected population is only possible for registered organisations, and available information about humanitarian conditions is very limited. Fighting between Turkish forces and groups affiliated with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party and separatist groups continues, leaving civilians trapped in their homes and under strict curfews. Checkpoints are present particularly in southeast provinces, where Kurdish regions are located. In late December 2020, the Parliament approved a new law on counterterrorism and intergovernmental money laundering. Under this law, the Government has the power to arbitrarily suspend NGO and INGO activities, seize their assets, and shut them down.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.