• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 3,965,000 People displaced [?]



Turkey currently hosts the largest number of refugees and asylum seekers in the world. The majority of registered refugees in Turkey – approximately 3.62 million – are Syrians who have fled the civil war in their country since 2011. ?Turkey also hosts around 330,000 non-Syrian refugees and asylum seekers, most notably Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Somalia. ?

There has been an escalation of violence between government forces and the PKK since 2015, creating further humanitarian concerns in southeast Turkey. Up to 1.1 million people may have been internally displaced as a result of conflict.  Humanitarian access is highly constrained in the areas most affected by violence, which makes the delivery of assistance more difficult, as well as contributing to large information gaps about humanitarian needs.  ?

Latest Developments


On 30 October an earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale affected Izmir province and nearby Greek islands. As of 4 November, 116 people are reported dead and 1,035 injured in Turkey. Two people were killed and seven injured in Greece. Around 3.9 million people are estimated to have been exposed to very strong or severe earthquake intensity. The most affected areas in Turkey are Izmir city as well as localities along the coast that were further impacted by a partial tsunami. NFIs and WASH needs are reported in Izmir city. Over 147,000 registered Syrian refugees are in Izmir city; most are living in less-affected neighbourhoods. Samos Island was also struck by a partial tsunami following the earthquake; 300 buildings there have been deemed unsafe for habitation. ?

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.

Humanitarian Access



Humanitarian access in Turkey has deteriorated. Presence of explosive devices and related casualties has increased. In addition, lack of official documentation still prevents refugees, especially non-Syrians, from accessing services. It is unclear how the government’s action and laws are specifically impacting humanitarian NGOs upon entry in the country, but movement for humanitarians remains limited by checkpoints and other restrictive measures, especially in southern provinces affected by the Kurdish conflict. Interference of state actors in humanitarian operations continues. 

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.