• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 4,015,000 People displaced



Turkey currently hosts the largest number of refugees and asylum seekers in the world. The majority of registered refugees in Turkey – approximately 3.6 million – are Syrians who have fled the civil war in their country since 2011. ?Turkey also hosts more than 360,000 refugees and persons of concern from other countries, most notably Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Somalia. ?Refugees in Turkey have acute needs in a number of areas despite the response efforts of local and international partners. Among the Syrian refugee population, it is estimated that 64% of households are living below the poverty line, and approximately 400,000 children are out of school. ?

There has been an escalation of violence between government forces and the PKK since 2015, creating further humanitarian concerns in southeast Turkey. Up to 1.1 million people may have been internally displaced as a result of conflict.  Humanitarian access is highly constrained in the areas most affected by violence, which makes the delivery of assistance more difficult, as well as contributing to large information gaps about humanitarian needs.  ?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team. 

Humanitarian Access



Nearly two years after a widespread government crackdown on local and international NGOs in 2017, humanitarian access remains a significant concern in Turkey. Civil society organisations face a volatile operating environment and have periodically had their permits revoked and staff detained for extended periods. Humanitarian actors have been largely prevented from operating in some areas of southeastern Turkey, due to government restrictions on the delivery of assistance, and insecurity from the ongoing conflict between Turkish armed forces and the PKK. Migrants and refugees across the country are reportedly finding it highly difficult to obtain formal registration – making their access to essential services and employment more challenging, and increasing their risk of deportation.

Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview