Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 4,015,000 People displaced
Turkey currently hosts the largest number of refugees and asylum seekers in the world. The majority of registered refugees in Turkey – approximately 3.6 million – are Syrians who have fled the civil war in their country since 2011. ?Turkey also hosts more than 360,000 refugees and persons of concern from other countries, most notably Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Somalia. ?Refugees in Turkey have acute needs in a number of areas despite the response efforts of local and international partners. Among the Syrian refugee population, it is estimated that 64% of households are living below the poverty line, and approximately 400,000 children are out of school. ?
There has been an escalation of violence between government forces and the PKK since 2015, creating further humanitarian concerns in southeast Turkey. Up to 1.1 million people may have been internally displaced as a result of conflict. Humanitarian access is highly constrained in the areas most affected by violence, which makes the delivery of assistance more difficult, as well as contributing to large information gaps about humanitarian needs. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Nearly two years after a widespread government crackdown on local and international NGOs in 2017, humanitarian access remains a significant concern in Turkey. Civil society organisations face a volatile operating environment and have periodically had their permits revoked and staff detained for extended periods. Humanitarian actors have been largely prevented from operating in some areas of southeastern Turkey, due to government restrictions on the delivery of assistance, and insecurity from the ongoing conflict between Turkish armed forces and the PKK. Migrants and refugees across the country are reportedly finding it highly difficult to obtain formal registration – making their access to essential services and employment more challenging, and increasing their risk of deportation.
Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview