• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 0 People displaced [?]
  • 564 Fatalities reported [?]



Tunisia is an important country of origin and transit for migrants hoping to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Europe. Since mid-2017, the number of Tunisians attempting to migrate to Europe has increased significantly, driven in large part by high unemployment and the perceived lack of economic opportunities in Tunisia.?Tunisians are currently the most represented nationality among migrants who arrive in Italy from the Central Mediterranean migration route, making up over 21% of the arrivals since January 2020.?

Though most migrants departing from Tunisia are Tunisians, a growing number of migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers from other countries arrive in Tunisia with the aim of moving elsewhere, often to Europe.? As of 30 June the country was hosting 4,720 refugees and asylum seekers, primarily from Syria (36%) and Ivory Coast (31%).? Once in Tunisia, many migrants face restricted access to healthcare, shelter, and employment, as well as exposure to protection risks such as human trafficking and scams.? Some migrants also end up becoming trapped in a state of limbo in Tunisia as a result of the government’s practice of imposing fines for residing in the country without proper documentation, as well as making migrants pay for their flights home when deported.?

INFORM measures Tunisia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be low, at 3.1/10.?

COVID-19 Outbreak


The Tunisian government has reported 1,188 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 50 deaths as of 06 July. The government imposed lockdown measures on 22 March, the measures were eased on 11 May. Many migrant workers, refugees, and asylum seekers, among others, have lost their livelihoods as the informal sector stopped functioning, including construction sites and restaurants. They face risk of eviction as they cannot pay rent, and also have difficulty accessing healthcare services. As of 17 April, 53 migrants detained in al Wardia centre are living in overcrowded spaces with very limited access to hygiene products and health services, including tests for COVID-19, which are scarce. 4,000 migrants in Sfax, Grand Tunis and Zarzis urgently need cash for food and rent, medicines, and childcare products. The government has extended the residence period for foreigners until the pandemic ends, required landlords to suspend rent payments, and committed to granting equal access to COVID-19 care for migrants and Tunisians.?

Key Priorities


Protection: many migrants in Tunisia fall victim to scams and are subjected to abuse at the hands of smugglers. Other protection concerns for migrants include the risk of deportation and restricted access to services.? Aid agencies estimate that the vast majority of those arriving by land from Libya have suffered abuses and violence and are likely to require psychosocial support.?

Information Gaps


Tunisia has no severity score in the GCSI due to a lack of data on the humanitarian conditions of migrants countrywide.