• Crisis Severity ?
    1.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    1.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    1.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    1.3
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    1.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 60,000 People displaced [?]
  • 9,000 REGISTERED REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS [?]
  • 440 VENEZUELANS IN DETENTION (Est.) [?]

Overview

28/05/2019

The influx of migrants and refugees to the small Caribbean country has increased significantly in recent years, particularly from Venezuela. The number of Venezuelans in the country is currently estimated at 60,000.? Although this number is relatively low in comparison to other countries in the region, it is significant in proportion to the overall population of 1.3 million people.

Restrictions on regular migration to Caribbean countries for Venezuelans, a lack of domestic legislation for refugees and asylum seekers, and limited prospects to regularise their administrative status in Trinidad and Tobago have made refugees and migrants more vulnerable to trafficking and at risk of exploitation and abuse.? The fear of arrests, detentions, and deportation has pushed many to live in hiding. An increasing number of persons at risk or with acute needs is linked to an aggravated risk of gender-based violence and negative coping strategies such as survival sex and child labour.?

INFORM measures Trinidad and Tobago’s risk of humanitarian crisis and risk at 1.9/10.?

Latest Developments

18/06/2019

15/06: A two-week registration period for irregular migrants in Trinidad and Tobago ended on 14 June. Several thousand Venezuelans were unable to register due to backlogs at the three registration centres and are likely in need of protection. Limited prospects to regularise their migration status risks pushing vulnerable people to seek unsafe, informal routes into the country. ?

Key Priorities

28/05/2019

Livelihoods: Refugees, asylum-seekers and irregular migrants do not generally have the right to work  and are therefore pushed into the informal sector where they are exposed to risks of abuse and exploitation. ?

Food and nutrition: Limited access to livelihood opportunities hampers access to sufficient food and nutrition.

Education: As overall access to services and protection is severely limited for Venezuelans, this also takes a toll on access to formal education. 75% of Venezuelan children living in Trinidad and Tobago for more than a year did not have access to formal education.?