Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.20 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
The influx of migrants and refugees to the small Caribbean country has increased significantly in recent years, particularly from Venezuela. The number of Venezuelans in the country is currently estimated at 60,000.? Although this number is relatively low in comparison to other countries in the region, it is significant in proportion to the overall population of 1.3 million people.
Restrictions on regular migration to Caribbean countries for Venezuelans, a lack of domestic legislation for refugees and asylum seekers, and limited prospects to regularise their administrative status in Trinidad and Tobago have made refugees and migrants more vulnerable to trafficking and at risk of exploitation and abuse.? The fear of arrests, detentions, and deportation has pushed many to live in hiding. An increasing number of persons at risk or with acute needs is linked to an aggravated risk of gender-based violence and negative coping strategies such as survival sex and child labour.?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.
Entry requirements and legal status
A two-week registration period for irregular migrants in Trinidad and Tobago ended on 14 June. Several thousand Venezuelans were unable to register due to backlogs at the three registration centres and are likely in need of protection. Limited prospects to regularise their migration status risks pushing vulnerable people to seek unsafe, informal routes into the country. ?
Venezuelan refugees and asylum seekers are at an increased state of vulnerability during the COVID-19 pandemic. Following government directives non-essential workers must stay home, and bars, restaurants, and all food vendors are closed, particularly affecting Venezuelan workers. The loss of income has led to reduced ability to meet basic needs and eviction has become a serious threat.
As social assistance remains inadequate for Venezuelans in the country, there is a concern that some may resort to negative coping mechanisms. The indefinite closure of borders also leaves refugees and asylum seekers without the option to return home, placing them at increased risk. Cash-based intervention and food assistance is being provided by different humanitarian actors. Ensuring access to education after the closure of schools remains a challenge.?
Livelihoods: Refugees, asylum-seekers and irregular migrants do not generally have the right to work and are therefore pushed into the informal sector where they are exposed to risks of abuse and exploitation. ?
Food and nutrition: Limited access to livelihood opportunities hampers access to sufficient food and nutrition.
Education: As overall access to services and protection is severely limited for Venezuelans, this also takes a toll on access to formal education. 75% of Venezuelan children living in Trinidad and Tobago for more than a year did not have access to formal education.?