• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 32,674,000 People affected [?]
  • 4,769,000 People displaced [?]
  • 17,296,000 People in Need [?]



As of November 2019, around 4.6 million Venezuelans have fled the country, and with the deteriorating political and economic situation in Venezuela, there is no indication the outflow will slow down soon. UNHCR projects the overall number of Venezuelans fleeing their country to reach 5.3 million by the end of 2019. ?

Many Venezuelans in host countries are in urgent need of food, nutrition, health, and WASH assistance; needs vary depending on the country. Protection assistance is also crucial, including legal help with documentation in order to access healthcare and employment. A significant number of Venezuelans remain in an irregular situation (due to lack of documentation, long waiting periods, high application fees, etc.), leaving them without rights and access to services and vulnerable to exploitation and abuse. As the crisis inside Venezuela continues to deteriorate, host countries are increasingly struggling to respond to the influx of Venezuelans. The rising number of people entering neighbouring countries is putting a strain on basic services, especially in border areas. ? In order to respond to the influx, a Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) has been developed to support and complement national authorities in Latin America and the Caribbean. ?

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Entry requirements and legal status of Venezuelans


26/08 ECUADOR: On Monday 26 August, new visa requirements for Venezuelans crossing the border into Ecuador came into effect. This follows similar restrictions implemented by Chile and Peru earlier this year. New visa requirements include a criminal record certificate and a passport, within 5 years after its expiration. There are a number of visa options in which Venezuelans may apply, including a “Temporary Residence Visa for Humanitarian Reasons”.The number of Venezuelans crossing into Ecuador from Colombia has been increasing since 25 July, with an average of 1,800 people crossing per day before 2 August. In the run up to the new visa requirements, this number was higher, with approximately 3,700 Venezuelans entering Ecuador per day between 3-25 August. While extra resources may assist the short term influx at the border, longer term impacts remain less clear. Most notable areas of concern may be with protection and access to basic services for those attempting to enter Ecuador without a visa.?

16/06 PERU: New entry requirements coming into effect on 15 June lead to record-level arrivals on 14 June. In just one day, more than 8,000 Venezuelans tried to enter the country via Tumbes. New arrivals are in an increasingly vulnerable situation and include growing numbers of children. Nutrition, protection and WASH are priority needs.?

15/06 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: A two-week registration period for irregular migrants in Trinidad and Tobago ended on 14 June. Several thousand Venezuelans were unable to register due to backlogs at the three registration centres and are likely in need of protection. Limited prospects to regularise their migration status risks pushing vulnerable people to seek unsafe, informal routes into the country. ?