• Crisis Severity ?
    2.3
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    2.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    2.3
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.3
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 63,878,000 Total population [?]
  • 343,000 People exposed [?]
  • 91,000 People displaced [?]
  • 91,000 People in Need [?]

Overview

19/04/2022

For more than three decades, Thailand has been an important destination for refugees from Myanmar, and currently hosts more than 91,000 refugees along the Thailand-Myanmar border. Around 80% of the refugees are of Karen ethnicity, and were displaced by armed conflict between Karen separatists and the Myanmar Armed Forces in the 1980s.?

Myanmar refugees live in nine camps, most of which were established in 1997 following a large refugee movement. Thailand is not a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention and enforces a strict encampment policy. Most of the refugees were born in Thailand and have never stepped outside the camps. Conditions in the camps are poor. Overcrowding is a concern, particularly in Mae La camp, which hosts more than 34,200 refugees. Considered ‘illegal migrants’ and unable to work, access public services, or leave the camps, the population is extremely dependent on humanitarian assistance.?

In recent years, international funding for humanitarian response activities in the Thai refugee camps has decreased. The focus of the response has shifted towards a development strategy and one that emphasises resettlement and which facilitates voluntary returns. This has had a direct impact on the amount of assistance and services being provided to refugees from Myanmar.?

Latest Developments

10/03/2021

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Concerns

10/03/2021

Multi-sectoral: Lack of legal recognition has limited the ability of refugees to access public services, including healthcare, education, and work opportunities outside the camps. Many of the refugee camps are geographically isolated and are in remote and mountainous areas that are difficult to reach, especially in monsoon season. The electricity grid is weak – and non-existent in some camps – which limits communication.?