• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 17,070,000 Total population [?]
  • 17,070,000 People affected [?]
  • 12,263,000 People displaced [?]
  • 11,708,000 People in Need [?]



At least 224,000 civilians, including 29,000 children, have died as a result of conflict since the civil war began in 2011. ?An estimated 11.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. ?6.2 million are internally displaced and 6.8 million refugees have left the country, mostly to neighbouring Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan.  ?

The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with health, shelter, and food needs most critical in areas where fighting continues, including governorates in the northwest and northeast of the country. Protection interventions are required countrywide. Access for humanitarians remains extremely problematic, even in areas retaken by the Syrian Arab Army. ?

Since late 2015, the Syrian Arab Army has been slowly regaining territory across the country. With only governorates in the northeast and northwest remaining outside government control, the war is widely seen as entering its final and possibly most violent stages. Turkish, Russian, Iranian, American, and Syrian troops are stationed inside Syria, as well as a range of non-state armed groups ranging from more moderate opposition groups to Salafist Jihadi groups. 


Latest Developments


15 October 2020: On 8 October at least 156 wildfires were reported across Lattakia, Tartous, and Homs governorates. As of 11 October all fires have been contained, though some areas are at risk of reignition. Around 140,000 people were affected as home and assets including agricultural land were destroyed or damaged. The fires destroyed an estimated 5,000 hectares of agricultural land and 4,000 hectares of forested land. Power and water cuts were also reported, due to damaged electrical and water networks. 25,000 people are likely to be displaced. Some early returns have also been reported. Needs of the displaced include shelter and NFIs such as blankets, clothes, hygiene and dignity kits, as well as food assistance and WASH services. The fires caused evacuation of some hospitals and hampered access to healthcare. Hospitals lack the equipment needed to treat patients presenting with breathing problems.?

13/10/2020: Around 46% of surveyed Syrian households in September 2020 reported not being able to purchase necessary medicines due to lack of financial resources (67%) and shortage of medicines in pharmacies (30%).?

13/10/2020: Multiple airstrikes on Idlib and northern Aleppo in September displaced 4,000 people towards Afrin (Aleppo governorate), Darksosh, and Salqin (Idlib governorate). Thousands of IDPs within Idlib are already living in overcrowded makeshift camps, with no WASH or health facilities.?

For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph below.

Humanitarian Access


Extreme Constraints 

Humanitarians in Syria are still facing extreme access constraints, compounded by COVID-19 containment measures. Since March, medical patients wanting to cross into Turkey have not accessed health services due to border closures to contain the outbreak. Humanitarians need to request authorisations connected to COVID-19 from EU member states’ authorities managing sanctions, specifically for the supply and distribution of medical items such as ethanol, isopropanol, and sodium hypochlorite. COVID-19 measures imposed both in Syria and by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iraq have affected humanitarian deployments and aid delivery from Iraq into Syria.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.

COVID-19 Outbreak


As of 7 October, 4,457 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 209 related deaths were registered in Government of Syria controlled areas. In northwest Syria, as of 1 October, 1,072 cases were reported, including six deaths. Almost 100 new cases are being reported every day in northwest Syria, where 2.7 million people remain displaced, mostly in overcrowded camps. In northeast Syria, the number of confirmed cases continues to rise, with 1,998 cases and 71 deaths confirmed as of 6 October.?

Because of a lack of testing capacities in the area and perceived underreporting, the actual number of positive cases is probably much higher.?

Densely populated areas, notably Damascus/Rural Damascus and Aleppo and Homs cities, have a higher risk of the virus spreading. People living in congested areas such as camps, informal settlements and collective shelters are also at higher risk of the spread of COVID-19. A dozen health facilities suspended operations in August after cases were recorded in Al Hol refugee and IDP camps (in northeast Syria), because of a lack of personal protective equipment and fears of staff being infected.?

Find more information about the global impact of COVID-19 here.


Key Priorities


Protection: 13.2 million people, including 4.1 million children, are estimated in need of protection assistance. ?

WASH: 6.2 million people need acute WASH-assistance. ?

Health: 13.2 million people require health assistance. The conflict has significantly damaged health facilities. Fuel shortages further hamper access to health services. ?

Food security:  9.3 million people are food insecure as of May 2020, with another 2.2 million at risk of falling into food insecurity. Food prices are higher than a year ago: the cost of a WFP food basket is 133% higher in May 2020 than it was in May 2019.?