• Crisis Severity ?
    4.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    5.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    4.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    5.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 14,829,000 Total population [?]
  • 14,829,000 People affected [?]
  • 13,052,000 People displaced [?]
  • 11,708,000 People in Need [?]

Overview

18/12/2019

At least 224,000 civilians, including 29,000 children, have died as a result of conflict since the civil war began in 2011. ?An estimated 11.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. ?6.2 million are internally displaced and 6.8 million refugees have left the country, mostly to neighbouring Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan.  ?

The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with health, shelter, and food needs most critical in areas where fighting continues, including governorates in the northwest and northeast of the country. Protection interventions are required countrywide. Access for humanitarians remains extremely problematic, even in areas retaken by the Syrian Arab Army. ?

Since late 2015, the Syrian Arab Army has been slowly regaining territory across the country. With only governorates in the northeast and northwest remaining outside government control, the war is widely seen as entering its final and possibly most violent stages. Turkish, Russian, Iranian, American, and Syrian troops are stationed inside Syria, as well as a range of non-state armed groups ranging from more moderate opposition groups to Salafist Jihadi groups. 

 

Latest Developments

26/06/2020

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Find more information related to the outbreak.

For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph below.

25/06/2020: Comparative data between 2019 and 2020 indicates that Syrians’ food security has deteriorated. As of May 2020, 9.3 million people are food insecure, an increase of 1.4 million compared to seven months ago. A further 2.2 million are currently at risk of falling into food insecurity. The cost of a WFP reference food basket increased by 133% between May 2019 and 2020, reaching its highest value since 2011. Syrians’ food security is threatened by a deepening economic crisis, currency depreciation, and higher fuel prices. The situation has been aggravated by COVID-19 containment measures that have diminished access to livelihoods and income sources. Nine years of war have reduced Syrians’ savings. An increased use of negative livelihood coping strategies between September 2019 and March 2020 was previously reported.?

Humanitarian Access

30/10/2019

Extreme Constraints 

Humanitarian access remains severely constrained in Syria amid ongoing conflict, even in areas retaken by the government. Escalated fighting in opposition-held territory in the northwest since April 2019, and a military operation by Turkish Armed Forces into the SDF-controlled northeast since October 2019 has resulted in the suspension of humanitarian operations. Local humanitarian staff have been displaced and international staff have been evacuated around the frontlines. Health workers and other humanitarian actors continue to be impacted by shelling, airstrikes, and small arms fire. High presence of unexploded ordnance and explosive remnants of war, ongoing insecurity in government-held and SDF-controlled areas, and administrative challenges, including irregular cross border authorizations, hinder humanitarian operations. Access to the 12,700 people in need in the Rukban makeshift settlement at the Jordanian border continues to be restricted. 

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.

 

COVID-19 Outbreak

11/05/2020

Syria has registered 47 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and three deaths, as of 11 May. Areas of concern are crowded IDP camps in Idleb and Al Hasakeh where containment measures are difficult to enforce and coping capacities low. Bigger cities with high density populations such as Homs, Aleppo, and Damascus might also be at risk of outbreak. A curfew has been enforced countrywide, with strict restrictions in the northeast, where one death and at least two positive cases were reported. Increasing food prices and higher rates of unemployment due to COVID-19 restrictions risk exacerbating an already deteriorating economic situation and might expose more Syrians to food insecurity. Only 57 hospitals are completely operational nationwide and several communities in the northeast reported long distances to reach the closest operational health centre. The UN has called for an immediate countrywide ceasefire to allow an unrestricted outbreak response, but sporadic exchange of fire has been observed in the northwest, where an estimated 840,000 people remain displaced. Some exemptions for the passage and movement of relief items and workers have been implemented, but humanitarian operations are still affected by COVID-19 restrictions.?

Key Priorities

26/06/2020

Protection: 13.2 million people, including 4.1 million children, are estimated in need of protection assistance. ?

WASH: 6.2 million people need acute WASH-assistance. ?

Health: 13.2 million people require health assistance. The conflict has significantly damaged health facilities. Fuel shortages further hamper access to health services. ?

Food security:  9.3 million people are food insecure as of May 2020, with another 2.2 million at risk of falling into food insecurity. Food prices are higher than a year ago: the cost of a WFP food basket is 133% higher in May 2020 than it was in May 2019.?