Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.5.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.5.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Syria: Displacement in the northwest
At least 220,000 civilians have died as a result of conflict since the civil war began in 2011?. An estimated 11.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. ?6.2 million are internally displaced and 7.8 million refugees have left the country, mostly to neighbouring Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan. ?
The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with health, shelter, and food needs most critical in areas where fighting continues including governorates in the northwest and northeast of the country. Protection interventions are required countrywide. Access for humanitarians remains extremely problematic, even in areas retaken by the Syrian Arab Army.
Since late 2015, the Syrian Arab army have been slowly regaining territory across the country. With only governorates in the northeast and northwest remaining outside government control, the war is widely seen as entering its final and possibly most violent stages. Turkish, Russian, Iranian, American, and Syrian troops are stationed inside Syria, as well as a range of non-state armed groups ranging from more moderate opposition groups to Salafist Jihadi groups.
11/06: Multiple fires have destroyed some 400 square kilometres of farmland in the conflict-affected northwest since 10 May. Wheat and barley crops have been burned, severely affecting the already strained food security and livelihood situation in the region. The large-scale crop burning is also expected to have adverse effects on the health of civilians, many of whom are already struggling with respiratory diseases. The cause of the fires is thought to be intentional in some cases and collateral damage of the conflict in others. ?
11/06: An escalation in fighting in northern Hama, southern Idleb and rural areas of Aleppo displaced at least 270,000 people between 1 and 22 May. The impact on civilians, infrastructure and fields has been devastating; at least three IDP settlements, one refugee camp, 35 schools and 24 health facilities have been affected by a new wave of barrel bomb attacks and artillery strikes. The civilian death toll continues to rise and has likely surpassed 300 people. Access is severely limited, and needs persist across all sectors (especially protection, food, shelter, health and WASH). ?
Humanitarian access remains extremely constrained in Syria amid ongoing conflict, even in areas retaken by the government. Intensified conflict in opposition-held territory in Idleb, fighting between opposition groups in the north, and suicide attacks in government-held areas hinder access. Health workers and other humanitarian actors continue to be impacted by shelling, airstrikes, and small arms fire. The Jordanian and Turkish border closures are hampering cross-border aid. Access to the 36,000 people in need in the Rukban makeshift settlement at the border with Jordan remains extremely restricted. There is a high presence of unexploded ordnance and explosive remnants of war, even in areas of return. 1.16 million people are living in hard to reach areas.
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Conflict in northwest
Conflict between the Government of Syria (GoS) and armed opposition groups has intensified since the beginning of 2019, and escalated since 28 April in northwest Syria, causing widespread displacement. A new wave of barrel bomb attacks and artillery strikes has hit houses, schools, medical facilities, markets and IDP camps in northern rural Hama and southern Idleb. Military operations have caused a high number of civilian casualties. The humanitarian situation in the affected governorates is deteriorating, with ongoing clashes, airstrikes, and shelling. The majority of IDPs live in makeshift settlements and report acute multi-sectoral needs. The northwestern region was declared a demilitarised zone under a deal between Turkey and Russia in September 2018 which aimed to avert a government assault on the area. The Syrian government has stepped up their attacks, claiming they have been targeting extremist groups in the area. ?
Protection: 13.2 million people, including 4.1 million children, are estimated in need of protection assistance.
6.2 million people need acute WASH-assistance.
Health: 13.2 million people require health assistance. The conflict has significantly damaged health facilities. Fuel shortages further hamper access to health services.