Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.60 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
Syria: Humanitarian needs in Afrin
Since the Syrian civil war began in 2011, more than 227,400 civilians – including 29,520 children – have died as a result of the conflic.? 6.9 million people are internally displaced in Syria, and 5.6 million are registered refugees in neighbouring countries. Turkey hosts the largest number of Syrian refugees, followed by Lebanon and Jordan. An estimated 14.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with significant health, education, WASH, shelter, protection, and food needs. Years of conflict have left healthcare centres, hospitals, schools, and water and sanitation systems damaged or destroyed ?.
Syria faces an economic crisis, and the value of the Syrian pound has dropped to record lows. The economic downturn – which began when the conflict erupted – has accelerated since late 2019, leading to soaring prices of food, fuel, and other critical items. The cost of basic staples has increased by over 200% since late 2019 ?. Food prices are 20 times higher than their pre-conflict levels. Households are forced to adopt negative coping mechanisms, including child labour, early marriage, and cutting or reducing meals. As of 2021, an estimated 12.4 million people in Syria – more than 70% of the current population, and the highest level ever recorded in the country – are food insecure, up from 7.9 million in 2020 ?.
Military operations in Northwest Syria in and around Idlib displaced nearly a million people between December 2019–February 2020. There are an estimated 4.9 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Northwest Syria. Over four million people reside in Northeast Syria, including thousands of internally displaced people and imprisoned members of Islamic State who are living in severely overcrowded conditions ?.
No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
very high Constraints
Syria faced Very High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 4/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation has been improving because the number of violent incidents against humanitarians decreased during the reporting period, contributing to slightly better access of humanitarians to the people in need.
For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022.
Registered Violent events (entries) 2020 and 2021
Source : ACLED - https://www.acleddata.com/data/
Total Registered fatalities 2020 and 2021
Source : ACLED - https://www.acleddata.com/data/
Protection: 13.1 million people, including 5.9 million children, are estimated in need of protection assistance ?.
Gender key priority: Women and girls in northwest Syria face multiple forms of protection and mental health concerns. Displacement, negative coping mechanisms (such as child marriage), lack of education, and the economic crisis contribute to increasing trauma and depression rates, which trigger higher risk of suicide. Access to psychiatric and psychosocial support remains very limited ?.
WASH: 12.2 million people need acute WASH-assistance ?.
Health: 12.4 million people require health assistance. The conflict has significantly damaged health facilities. Fuel shortages further hamper access to health services ?.
Food security: 12.4 million people are food insecure, with another 1.3 million at risk of falling into food insecurity. Food prices are higher than a year ago: the cost of a WFP food basket is 247% higher in April 2021 than it was in April 2020 ?.
Northern Syria faces critical water shortages because of poor seasonal rains, heatwaves, fires, interrupted river flow, damming, poor infrastructure, and conflict. Water has been declining in the Euphrates River since January 2021 and reached a critically low level in May. Around 5.5 million people who rely on the Euphrates River and its subsidiaries for drinking water, irrigation, and electricity are affected by the drought in northeast Syria ?.
Lower water levels have reduced available water for irrigation and the electricity needed to operate irrigation systems. There is a significant failure in rain-fed crops: 18 subdistricts in northeast Syria recorded crop losses of up to 75% in rain-fed harvested areas, affecting about 229,000 people dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods. Wheat production in 2021 is less than half of the production in 2020. The water shortages and wheat production drop have already led to an increase in bread prices and caused a loss of income for agricultural families in 2021 ?.
About 80% of electric power in northeast Syria is hydraulically generated. Limited electricity production has compromised water pumping capacity in northeast Syria. People are relying on emergency water trucking and/or unsafe open sources, increasing the risk of spreading waterborne diseases ?.