• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 14,829,000 Total population [?]
  • 14,829,000 People affected [?]
  • 13,052,000 People displaced [?]
  • 11,708,000 People in Need [?]



At least 224,000 civilians, including 29,000 children, have died as a result of conflict since the civil war began in 2011. ?An estimated 11.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. ?6.2 million are internally displaced and 6.8 million refugees have left the country, mostly to neighbouring Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan.  ?

The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with health, shelter, and food needs most critical in areas where fighting continues, including governorates in the northwest and northeast of the country. Protection interventions are required countrywide. Access for humanitarians remains extremely problematic, even in areas retaken by the Syrian Arab Army. ?

Since late 2015, the Syrian Arab Army has been slowly regaining territory across the country. With only governorates in the northeast and northwest remaining outside government control, the war is widely seen as entering its final and possibly most violent stages. Turkish, Russian, Iranian, American, and Syrian troops are stationed inside Syria, as well as a range of non-state armed groups ranging from more moderate opposition groups to Salafist Jihadi groups. 


Latest Developments


ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Find more information related to the outbreak.

For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph below.

16/07/2020: Eleven confirmed cases of COVID-19 were registered in northwest Syria as of 15 July: eight cases in Idleb governorate and three in Aleppo governorate (Azaz). Three doctors and a nurse were among the confirmed cases. Observers fear a potentially extensive outbreak in the area, which hosts hundreds of overcrowded IDP camps and has extremely limited healthcare capacity. The announcement comes as the Bab al Salam border crossing connecting Turkey and northwest Syria was closed on 11 July following UNSC resolution 2533. In May, medical supplies transiting through Bab al Salam reached one million people, and around 800,000 IDPs were served through the crossing point. The closure’s impact on people in need is still unclear, but humanitarian organisations will have to reshuffle their logistics and undertake more complex, costly, and risky delivery operations. The Bab al Hawa crossing between Turkey and northwest Syria will remain operational for one year.?

Humanitarian Access


Extreme Constraints 

Humanitarians in Syria are still facing extreme access constraints, compounded by COVID-19 containment measures. Since March, medical patients wanting to cross into Turkey have not accessed health services due to border closures to contain the outbreak. Humanitarians need to request authorisations connected to COVID-19 from EU member states’ authorities managing sanctions, specifically for the supply and distribution of medical items such as ethanol, isopropanol, and sodium hypochlorite. COVID-19 measures imposed both in Syria and by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iraq have affected humanitarian deployments and aid delivery from Iraq into Syria.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.

COVID-19 Outbreak


Syria has registered 417 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 19 related deaths, as of 14 July. Additionally, north-east Syria authorities reported six confirmed cases, while four medical staff tested positive in the north-west, two in Idleb governorate and two in the Aleppo governorate. Areas of concern remain crowded IDP camps in Idleb and Al Hasakeh where containment measures are difficult to enforce and coping capacities low. Bigger cities with high density populations such as Homs, Aleppo, and Damascus also remain at higher risk of virus spread. Lockdown measures have been relaxed countrywide starting in June. However, increasing food prices and higher unemployment rates due to COVID-19 restrictions are exacerbating an already dire economic situation, exposing more Syrians to food insecurity. The UN called for an immediate countrywide ceasefire to allow an unrestricted COVID-19 response, but exchange of fire has been observed in the northwest, where an estimated 2.7 million remain displaced. Some exemptions for the movement of relief items and workers have been implemented countrywide, but humanitarian operations are still affected by COVID-19 restrictions, especially in the north-east.?


Key Priorities


Protection: 13.2 million people, including 4.1 million children, are estimated in need of protection assistance. ?

WASH: 6.2 million people need acute WASH-assistance. ?

Health: 13.2 million people require health assistance. The conflict has significantly damaged health facilities. Fuel shortages further hamper access to health services. ?

Food security:  9.3 million people are food insecure as of May 2020, with another 2.2 million at risk of falling into food insecurity. Food prices are higher than a year ago: the cost of a WFP food basket is 133% higher in May 2020 than it was in May 2019.?