6.6 million people are internally displaced, including at least 2.8 million children. Rural Damascus, Idleb, and Aleppo governorates host the largest IDP populations (see table below). 2.8 million people were displaced in 2017, compared to 2.2 million in 2016. Many of those were displaced multiple times due to shifting conflict dynamics.?
Around 33,000 displacements were recorded in May, the majority from Homs and Idleb. The number is likely to be much higher, further information is being verified.?Over 140,000 displacement movements were recorded in April with the most people displaced from Rural Damascus, due to government offensives. IDPs continue to arrive in northwestern Syria, mainly Aleppo and Idleb, where more than 2.2 million IDPs reside facing increasing shelter challenges.? In May, smaller scale displacement was recorded with main movements registered from northern Homs to Idleb.?
Idleb: A new influx of at least 50,000 IDPs from Rural Damascus, Homs, and Hama has been ongoing since March, adding to the existing IDP population of 1.2 million people. The most affected areas since April include Dana and Mareet Tamsrin.? IDPs in the governorate live in poor conditions with high unmet needs, particularly concerning WASH, health, food, and shelter. 405,000 new displacements into Idleb have been registered in 2018, including IDPs from outside and within the governorate. The majority of IDP sites in the governorate report serious congestion, which increases pressure on host communities. ? Idleb has been reporting the biggest displacement compared to other governorates in 2018, with around 357,000 people displaced from Idleb. The majority were displaced within the governorate and the remainder to Aleppo. At the same time, there was an influx of IDPs from Rural Damascus, Aleppo, Hama, and other governorates to Idleb.
Aleppo: At least 35,000 people have been displaced to opposition-held areas of Aleppo governorate from Rural Damascus and Homs since March, most to northern rural Aleppo, and at least 10,000 in southern Aleppo, mostly to Atareb. Estimated 10,000 IDPs from Rural Damascus are hosted in two IDP camps in Afrin district, and they are increasingly allowed to settle in vacant houses of Kurdish people who were forced to flee the Turkish military operation. ? At least 134,000 people who fled from Afrin between January and March remain displaced across the governorate. 53,000 are estimated to reside in Tal Rifaat, 33,500 in Fafin, 30,000 in Nabul and Zahraa, 15,500 in Aleppo city, and 2,000 in Manbij. IDPs from Afrin face movement restriction preventing returns, exposure to ERW and UXO, and forced displacement threats. Limited returns (up to 5,000 people) to Afrin were reported in May.? Over 350,000 people have been displaced into Aleppo so far in 2018 from Idleb, Rural Damascus, Hama, and within the governorate. Atareb, Atma, Mezanaz, Zarbah, and Daret Azza district were affected the most by the influx. ?
Rural Damascus: More than 12,000 people have reportedly returned to Eastern Ghouta since mid-May. Out of over 158,000 IDPs who had left Eastern Ghouta since March, about 30,000 remain hosted in eight IDP sites in Rural Damascus. The overall capacity of the shelters is 19,808 people, which means that they remain congested. At least 66,000 left through evacuation agreements to northwestern Syria. Over 64,000 of those who arrived in Rural Damascus have since left the IDP sites through a sponsorship programme, often to live with relatives. Out of those, many reportedly returned to collective shelters either due to exhaustion of coping mechanisms, or in order to register and return to their areas of origin in Eastern Ghouta.?In May, escalation of violence in the south of Damascus drove displacement of over 6,000 civilians from Yarmouk Camp to Yalda in May. Shelter and NFI needs were reported.? Over 16,000 people have left Rural Damascus to Idleb and northern Aleppo (Euphrates Shield areas) since April due to evacuation agreements in the south of Damascus, Eastern Qalamoun and Dumayr city.?
Homs: Evacuation agreement with opposition groups from northern Homs and southern Hama, reached in the beginning of May, led to the evacuation of over 35,000 people to areas in northern Syria.? The agreement covered cities of Rastan, Talbis, Teir-Maale, El-Ganta, and Houla.
Hama: About 44,000 people have been displaced from Hama so far in 2018, mostly from As-Saan, Hamra, and Oqeirbat sub-districts. The majority were displaced to Idleb.?
Dara and Quneitra: Some 4,000 additional displacements were recorded in April in Dara and Quneitra governorates. This adds to over 315,000 IDPs already living in those governorates where IDPs account for over 30% of the total population.?
Deir-ez-Zor: Over 8,500 people have been displaced from Deir-ez-Zor so far in 2018, due to ongoing hostilities between SDF and IS, mostly to Aleppo and Idleb.? Hundreds were displaced from Hajin town in mid-May. ? Shelter and WASH needs are acute in all informal IDP sites across the governorate. Overcrowding of the sites remains a major problem, particularly in Aresha and Ain Issa sites.? Lack of sufficient access to latrines poses health risks to the displaced.? 175,000 IDPs have returned to Deir-ez-Zor since November 2017. ?
ar Raqqa: Some 132,000 IDPs have reportedly returned to Raqqa city since SDF retook it from IS. Around 90,000 people left the city in the period of intense fighting in the second half of 2017. Returning to Raqqa city is unsafe considering the level of destruction, mines, and ERW. Thousands of displaced people in the governorate face dire conditions in overcrowded IDP camps. ?
al Hasakeh: Renewed SDF offensive in the governorate reportedly caused a wave of internal displacement in the beginning of June.? There was an influx of IDPs from Deir-ez-Zor and ar Raqqa governorates in 2017. IDP sites in the governorate are overcrowded and lack health and WASH services. Protection risks including movement restrictions and GBV are common in the camps.? High fines imposed for leaving or the obligation to have a Kurdish sponsor prevent people moving freely. ?