• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 48,000,000 Total population [?]
  • 350,000 People displaced [?]
  • 494 Fatalities reported [?]
  • 930,000 People in Need [?]



Intercommunal conflicts are a major cause of insecurity and instability in West Darfur state. As at 27 May, increased tensions between armed men from the Masalit and Rizeigat tribes had led to the displacement of more than 149,600 Sudanese people to and within El Geneina town and the surrounding areas so far this year. Clashes, gunfire, and high crime rates have been reported, and the Sudanese Armed Forces and Rapid Support Forces have been deployed to ensure safety. ?

Escalating intercommunal violence has displaced over 65,000 people in April alone within El Geneina town and the surrounding villages. The security situation in El Geneina remains tense and volatile ?

Protection assistance is a priority need, and there are concerns regarding IDPs’ physical security and gender-based violence. Other main priorities for displaced people are WASH, food, and emergency shelter.?

Humanitarian operations within West Darfur – suspended since the beginning of the year –resumed in El Geneina on 18 April. Power outages and fuel shortages have affected the local water network, and access to potable water is becoming critical. Local markets were closed for months because of the insecurity; some are now partially open. Reports suggest that there has been a spike in prices of food, water, medicines, fuel, and other essential goods. As insecurity has hindered humanitarian access there are information gaps on the number of people in need?

Latest Developments


More than 50,000 people have been displaced and 125 killed following clashes related to a land dispute in Kulbus locality, West Darfur between 6-11 June. About 25 villages were torched, livestock looted, and some water access disrupted. The insecurity has also delayed humanitarian assessments and response already planned in the area. People fled within Kulbus or to nearby localities, such as Saraf Omra (North Darfur), where IDPs are staying with relatives and are in need of food, non-food items, and shelter materials. Medical care is needed to respond to displaced children suffering from diarrhoea. Increased insecurity across Sudan and recurrent clashes and displacement, especially in Darfur and in the Kordofan states, are raising concerns among farmers and putting Sudan’s agricultural season at risk of failure. Estimations indicate that 18 million people will likely be food insecure through September, while health officials confirmed that two children have died of starvation in North Darfur state on 6 June.?



Protection: Protection is a key concern for people who are internally displaced. IDPs report a lack of security in and around the displacement sites. There has been a high number of gender-based violence reports in displacement sites, with sexual harassment and abuse the biggest concern.

Food: Estimations suggest that there are 188,000 people in need of food and livelihood support in West Darfur.  

Shelter: Around 94% of IDPs are sheltering in schools and other public buildings, with the rest displaced in open areas.

Education: Schools, closed since March 2020 because of COVID-19, were beginning to reopen in West Darfur. However, at least 55 schools have been affected by conflict, and an additional 35 arehosting IDPs.  Because of the conflict, at least 49,000 children are now at risk of not being able to return to school.