Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.90 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Sudan: Increased violence in Darfur Region
Intercommunal clashes between tribes in Darfur and Kordofan regions have been increasing since June 2021. Historically, both regions have been experiencing intercommunal violence triggered by disputes over land, water resources, and livestock ownership between armed members of nomadic Arabs tribes and ethnic African tribes. Disputes often result in fatalities and injuries also among unarmed members of the tribes, including women and children. Clashes cause displacement, death of livestock, and damage to shops and houses, increasing the population’s humanitarian needs across all sectors. In Darfur and Kordofan regions, at least 138,000 people were displaced between January–July because of intercommunal clashes. Over eight million people are estimated to need humanitarian assistance across Darfur and Kordofan. Several reasons have contributed to the recent increase in frequency and intensity of clashes in the two regions, including the general social and political instability in the country following the military takeover of the government in October 2021, the withdrawal of UNAMID (which was completed on 30 June 2021), and the lack of water and food resources caused by drought and food insecurity.?
During the lean season (May–October), clashes usually increase because of diminished availability of food, water, and grazing resources. People normally run out of stored food between harvests seasons, and the high temperatures affect water levels and dry up the grazing needed for livelihoods pasturage. There is a likelihood that clashes over land and natural resources will expand to other regions. On 13 July, intercommunal clashes displaced more than 30,000 people in Blue Nile state.?
Up to 36,000 people were displaced, 60 killed, and 90 injured as a land dispute sparked inter-communal clashes in Al Lagowa, West Kordofan state from 10-18 October. 21,000 people are staying in camps, schools, and with the host community in West and South Kordofan; others reportedly fled to nearby mountainous areas. Drinking water, food, sanitation, shelter, and medical care are needed.?
Number of IDPs Ag Geneina (West Darfur)
Health: Lack of food and clean water and overcrowded shelters contribute to disease outbreaks such as malaria and diarrhoea in IDP camps. There is a lack of medical equipment and staff to respond to health needs in the region. People injured during clashes also need healthcare assistance, but there is limited coverage of health services, and hospitals usually lack supplies.?
Food: Darfur states are among the areas most affected by food insecurity in Sudan. On average, a quarter of the people in Darfur are severely food-insecure, and nearly half are moderately food-insecure. People staying in IDP camps in Darfur are dependent on humanitarian organisations for food aid, but the operations of these organisations are usually disrupted or suspended because of recurrent clashes and sometimes looting of their stocks.?
Livelihoods: Increased insecurity and recurrent clashes – and consequent displacement – have resulted in damage to farms, disruption to livelihoods, and unemployment (mostly in activities related to the agricultural sector), causing a below-average harvest in 2022. Almost all of Sudan’s land is agricultural, and more than 65% of the population works in agriculture, including Darfur and Kordofan regions.?