Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Sudan is one of the major hosting countries for refugees fleeing the civil war in South Sudan. As of 15 May, almost 849,000 South Sudanese are seeking refuge in Sudan. Additional sources estimate a total of 1.3 million South Sudanese refugees in Sudan; however, this figure requires verification. Arrival rates declined throughout 2018 and the flow of incoming and outgoing South Sudanese refugees is keeping the overall number in Sudan relatively static in 2019. ?
Approximately 79% of South Sudanese refugees in Sudan live alongside host communities in more than 100 out-of-camp settlements in South Kordofan, West Kordofan, East Darfur, South Darfur, and North Darfur. Many out-of-camp settlements are in remote and underdeveloped areas, where resources, infrastructure, and basic services are extremely limited. More than 70 % of South Sudanese refugees living in areas with active humanitarian response lack access to adequate shelter. Over-congestion of refugee camps remains a serious concern, particularly problematic in White Nile State. ?In general, basic service provision in camps is challenged due to continuous new arrivals. ?
28/06: 4,500 South Sudanese refugees fled to open areas in Khartoum, camps in White Nile State or other unknown locations, following the 5-6 June attacks from host communities on South Sudanese in Omdurman. Reportedly, nine refugees have been killed, seven injured and two are missing in the larger Khartoum area. Several cases of SGBV have been reported. A minimum of 200 South Sudanese refugees were relocated to Um Sangour camp in White Nile State. Tensions are rising between South Sudanese refugee and host communities in Sudan, as host communities are accusing South Sudanese refugees of being responsible for the increased criminality in Khartoum since June. In White Nile State a water system was destroyed, leaving some camps without safe drinking water. Host Comunity members demand that the refugees leave their settlements. Around 850,000 South Sudanese refugees are living in Sudan. ?
Information Gaps and Needs
- Data on livelihoods, particularly formal and informal employment, among the refugee population is limited.
- Information about the food security levels for South Sudanese refugees is lacking.
- Access to health services remains unknown.
Regular response by humanitarian agencies is challenged as out of camp areas in East and North Darfur, South Kordofan and West Kordofan are very remote and difficult to reach. Varying levels of insecurity persist.
During the rainy season (June-September) logistical access is challenged as flooded roads and damaged infrastructure leave some areas completely inaccessible.