Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.20 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Military confrontations between federal and regional forces in Ethiopia’s Tigray region began on 4 November 2020. Since 6 November, refugees from Tigray have been seeking safety in eastern Sudan. Refugees arrive to eastern Sudan through the border locations of Hamdayet (Kassala state), Lugdi and Abderafi (Gedaref state), and Wad Al Mahi locality (Blue Nile state). Most of the arrivals have been recorded in the Hamdayet arrival and transit area, near Hamdayet town (about 70km from the Ethiopian border). As at January 2020, there are four border crossing points in the Hamdayet area.?
The Hamdayet transit centre is overcrowded and conditions are poor, with shortages of food, water, and shelter. As a result, many refugees decide to stay in Hamdayet town, where there are more shelter options. Others are being relocated from the arrival locations at the border to refugee camps further inland in eastern Sudan. The close location of the Hamdayet transit centre to the border puts the safety and security of refugees increasingly at risk. Transporting refugees from the border reception camps to the official camps in Gedaref can take between ten to 15 hours because of the camps’ remoteness and poor road infrastructure. In Gedaref, there are two permanent official camps: Um Rakuba and a recently opened camp, Tunaydbah. Displaced people arriving from areas further inside of Tigray are weak, exhausted, and in poor health because of the long journey, with some refugees reporting that they spent at least two weeks on the road. The sudden influx of refugees has put a strain on basic infrastructure and health services in Sudan that were already poor, and has overwhelmed the existing humanitarian response?
Over 61,000 refugees have arrived in eastern Sudan since the beginning of conflict in Tigray region (Ethiopia). Most refugees are living in reception areas, camps, or with host communities across Kassala and Gedaref state. Needs remain across all sectors. Access to people in need is challenged by fuel shortages and the remoteness of some locations.?
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Food: There is an immediate need to increase food assistance, as the current supplies cannot meet the needs of the rising number of arrivals in the reception areas and camps. Malnutrition rates among Ethiopian refugees are expected to increase as a result of poor living conditions in the camps.?
Shelter and non-food items (NFIs): Although Um Rakuba camp has been expanded and Tunaydbah camp recently opened, there is still insufficient shelter for the growing number of arrivals. The camps lack adequate essential relief items and there is a shortage of fuel and other NFIs, including cooking gas and cooking utensils. Most of the refugees in the Hamdayet area sleep under trees near roads, in basic tents or sleeping bags, while some are being hosted by the local community in Hamdayet town.?
Health: The camps and reception sites report shortages of medical supplies and personnel. People with chronic health conditions do not have adequate access to medications. There are concerns that the overcrowded camps and reception sites will increase the likelihood of the spread of communicable diseases, including COVID-19. There is also an increase in the demand for psychosocial and psychological support. ?